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Table of contents
  1. Preface
  2. The Things We Carry: Experience, Culture, and Language
    1. 1 Unit Introduction
    2. 1 The Digital World: Building on What You Already Know to Respond Critically
      1. Introduction
      2. 1.1 "Reading" to Understand and Respond
      3. 1.2 Social Media Trailblazer: Selena Gomez
      4. 1.3 Glance at Critical Response: Rhetoric and Critical Thinking
      5. 1.4 Annotated Student Sample: Social Media Post and Responses on Voter Suppression
      6. 1.5 Writing Process: Thinking Critically About a “Text”
      7. 1.6 Evaluation: Intention vs. Execution
      8. 1.7 Spotlight on … Academia
      9. 1.8 Portfolio: Tracing Writing Development
      10. Further Reading
      11. Works Cited
    3. 2 Language, Identity, and Culture: Exploring, Employing, Embracing
      1. Introduction
      2. 2.1 Seeds of Self
      3. 2.2 Identity Trailblazer: Cathy Park Hong
      4. 2.3 Glance at the Issues: Oppression and Reclamation
      5. 2.4 Annotated Sample Reading from The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. Du Bois
      6. 2.5 Writing Process: Thinking Critically about How Identity Is Constructed Through Writing
      7. 2.6 Evaluation: Antiracism and Inclusivity
      8. 2.7 Spotlight on … Variations of English
      9. 2.8 Portfolio: Decolonizing Self
      10. Further Reading
      11. Works Cited
    4. 3 Literacy Narrative: Building Bridges, Bridging Gaps
      1. Introduction
      2. 3.1 Identity and Expression
      3. 3.2 Literacy Narrative Trailblazer: Tara Westover
      4. 3.3 Glance at Genre: The Literacy Narrative
      5. 3.4 Annotated Sample Reading: from Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass by Frederick Douglass
      6. 3.5 Writing Process: Tracing the Beginnings of Literacy
      7. 3.6 Editing Focus: Sentence Structure
      8. 3.7 Evaluation: Self-Evaluating
      9. 3.8 Spotlight on … The Digital Archive of Literacy Narratives (DALN)
      10. 3.9 Portfolio: A Literacy Artifact
      11. Further Reading
      12. Works Cited
      13. Works Consulted
  3. Bridging the Divide Between Personal Identity and Academia
    1. 2 Unit Introduction
    2. 4 Memoir or Personal Narrative: Learning Lessons from the Personal
      1. Introduction
      2. 4.1 Exploring the Past to Understand the Present
      3. 4.2 Memoir Trailblazer: Ta-Nehisi Coates
      4. 4.3 Glance at Genre: Conflict, Detail, and Revelation
      5. 4.4 Annotated Sample Reading: from Life on the Mississippi by Mark Twain
      6. 4.5 Writing Process: Making the Personal Public
      7. 4.6 Editing Focus: More on Characterization and Point of View
      8. 4.7 Evaluation: Structure and Organization
      9. 4.8 Spotlight on … Multilingual Writers
      10. 4.9 Portfolio: Filtered Memories
      11. Further Reading
      12. Works Cited
    3. 5 Profile: Telling a Rich and Compelling Story
      1. Introduction
      2. 5.1 Profiles as Inspiration
      3. 5.2 Profile Trailblazer: Veronica Chambers
      4. 5.3 Glance at Genre: Subject, Angle, Background, and Description
      5. 5.4 Annotated Sample Reading: “Remembering John Lewis” by Carla D. Hayden
      6. 5.5 Writing Process: Focusing on the Angle of Your Subject
      7. 5.6 Editing Focus: Verb Tense Consistency
      8. 5.7 Evaluation: Text as Personal Introduction
      9. 5.8 Spotlight on … Profiling a Cultural Artifact
      10. 5.9 Portfolio: Subject as a Reflection of Self
      11. Works Cited
    4. 6 Proposal: Writing About Problems and Solutions
      1. Introduction
      2. 6.1 Proposing Change: Thinking Critically About Problems and Solutions
      3. 6.2 Proposal Trailblazer: Atul Gawande
      4. 6.3 Glance at Genre: Features of Proposals
      5. 6.4 Annotated Student Sample: “Slowing Climate Change” by Shawn Krukowski
      6. 6.5 Writing Process: Creating a Proposal
      7. 6.6 Editing Focus: Subject-Verb Agreement
      8. 6.7 Evaluation: Conventions, Clarity, and Coherence
      9. 6.8 Spotlight on … Technical Writing as a Career
      10. 6.9 Portfolio: Reflecting on Problems and Solutions
      11. Further Reading
      12. Works Cited
    5. 7 Evaluation or Review: Would You Recommend It?
      1. Introduction
      2. 7.1 Thumbs Up or Down?
      3. 7.2 Review Trailblazer: Michiko Kakutani
      4. 7.3 Glance at Genre: Criteria, Evidence, Evaluation
      5. 7.4 Annotated Student Sample: "Black Representation in Film" by Caelia Marshall
      6. 7.5 Writing Process: Thinking Critically About Entertainment
      7. 7.6 Editing Focus: Quotations
      8. 7.7 Evaluation: Effect on Audience
      9. 7.8 Spotlight on … Language and Culture
      10. 7.9 Portfolio: What the Arts Say About You
      11. Further Reading
      12. Works Cited
    6. 8 Analytical Report: Writing from Facts
      1. Introduction
      2. 8.1 Information and Critical Thinking
      3. 8.2 Analytical Report Trailblazer: Barbara Ehrenreich
      4. 8.3 Glance at Genre: Informal and Formal Analytical Reports
      5. 8.4 Annotated Student Sample: "U.S. Response to COVID-19" by Trevor Garcia
      6. 8.5 Writing Process: Creating an Analytical Report
      7. 8.6 Editing Focus: Commas with Nonessential and Essential Information
      8. 8.7 Evaluation: Reviewing the Final Draft
      9. 8.8 Spotlight on … Discipline-Specific and Technical Language
      10. 8.9 Portfolio: Evidence and Objectivity
      11. Further Reading
      12. Works Cited
    7. 9 Rhetorical Analysis: Interpreting the Art of Rhetoric
      1. Introduction
      2. 9.1 Breaking the Whole into Its Parts
      3. 9.2 Rhetorical Analysis Trailblazer: Jamil Smith
      4. 9.3 Glance at Genre: Rhetorical Strategies
      5. 9.4 Annotated Student Sample: “Rhetorical Analysis: Evicted by Matthew Desmond” by Eliana Evans
      6. 9.5 Writing Process: Thinking Critically about Rhetoric
      7. 9.6 Editing Focus: Mixed Sentence Constructions
      8. 9.7 Evaluation: Rhetorical Analysis
      9. 9.8 Spotlight on … Business and Law
      10. 9.9 Portfolio: How Thinking Critically about Rhetoric Affects Intellectual Growth
      11. Further Reading
      12. Works Cited
    8. 10 Position Argument: Practicing the Art of Rhetoric
      1. Introduction
      2. 10.1 Making a Case: Defining a Position Argument
      3. 10.2 Position Argument Trailblazer: Charles Blow
      4. 10.3 Glance at Genre: Thesis, Reasoning, and Evidence
      5. 10.4 Annotated Sample Reading: "Remarks at the University of Michigan" by Lyndon B. Johnson
      6. 10.5 Writing Process: Creating a Position Argument
      7. 10.6 Editing Focus: Paragraphs and Transitions
      8. 10.7 Evaluation: Varied Appeals
      9. 10.8 Spotlight on … Citation
      10. 10.9 Portfolio: Growth in the Development of Argument
      11. Further Reading
      12. Works Cited
    9. 11 Reasoning Strategies: Improving Critical Thinking
      1. Introduction
      2. 11.1 Developing Your Sense of Logic
      3. 11.2 Reasoning Trailblazer: Paul D. N. Hebert
      4. 11.3 Glance at Genre: Reasoning Strategies and Signal Words
      5. 11.4 Annotated Sample Reading: from Book VII of The Republic by Plato
      6. 11.5 Writing Process: Reasoning Supported by Evidence
      7. Further Reading
      8. Works Cited
    10. 12 Argumentative Research: Enhancing the Art of Rhetoric with Evidence
      1. Introduction
      2. 12.1 Introducing Research and Research Evidence
      3. 12.2 Argumentative Research Trailblazer: Samin Nosrat
      4. 12.3 Glance at Genre: Introducing Research as Evidence
      5. 12.4 Annotated Student Sample: "Healthy Diets from Sustainable Sources Can Save the Earth" by Lily Tran
      6. 12.5 Writing Process: Integrating Research
      7. 12.6 Editing Focus: Integrating Sources and Quotations
      8. 12.7 Evaluation: Effectiveness of Research Paper
      9. 12.8 Spotlight on … Bias in Language and Research
      10. 12.9 Portfolio: Why Facts Matter in Research Argumentation
      11. Further Reading
      12. Works Cited
    11. 13 Research Process: Accessing and Recording Information
      1. Introduction
      2. 13.1 The Research Process: Where to Look for Existing Sources
      3. 13.2 The Research Process: How to Create Sources
      4. 13.3 Glance at the Research Process: Key Skills
      5. 13.4 Annotated Student Sample: Research Log
      6. 13.5 Research Process: Making Notes, Synthesizing Information, and Keeping a Research Log
      7. 13.6 Spotlight on … Ethical Research
      8. Further Reading
      9. Works Cited
    12. 14 Annotated Bibliography: Gathering, Evaluating, and Documenting Sources
      1. Introduction
      2. 14.1 Compiling Sources for an Annotated Bibliography
      3. 14.2 Glance at Form: Citation Style, Purpose, and Formatting
      4. 14.3 Annotated Student Sample: “Healthy Diets from Sustainable Sources Can Save the Earth” by Lily Tran
      5. 14.4 Writing Process: Informing and Analyzing
      6. Further Reading
      7. Works Cited
    13. 15 Case Study Profile: What One Person Says About All
      1. Introduction
      2. 15.1 Tracing a Broad Issue in the Individual
      3. 15.2 Case Study Trailblazer: Vilayanur S. Ramachandran
      4. 15.3 Glance at Genre: Observation, Description, and Analysis
      5. 15.4 Annotated Sample Reading: Case Study on Louis Victor "Tan" Leborgne
      6. 15.5 Writing Process: Thinking Critically About How People and Language Interact
      7. 15.6 Editing Focus: Words Often Confused
      8. 15.7 Evaluation: Presentation and Analysis of Case Study
      9. 15.8 Spotlight on … Applied Linguistics
      10. 15.9 Portfolio: Your Own Uses of Language
      11. Further Reading
      12. Works Cited
  4. Navigating Rhetoric in Real Life
    1. 3 Unit Introduction
    2. 16 Print or Textual Analysis: What You Read
      1. Introduction
      2. 16.1 An Author’s Choices: What Text Says and How It Says It
      3. 16.2 Textual Analysis Trailblazer: bell hooks
      4. 16.3 Glance at Genre: Print or Textual Analysis
      5. 16.4 Annotated Student Sample: "Artists at Work" by Gwyn Garrison
      6. 16.5 Writing Process: Thinking Critically About Text
      7. 16.6 Editing Focus: Literary Works Live in the Present
      8. 16.7 Evaluation: Self-Directed Assessment
      9. 16.8 Spotlight on … Humanities
      10. 16.9 Portfolio: The Academic and the Personal
      11. Further Reading
      12. Works Cited
    3. 17 Image Analysis: What You See
      1. Introduction
      2. 17.1 “Reading” Images
      3. 17.2 Image Trailblazer: Sara Ludy
      4. 17.3 Glance at Genre: Relationship Between Image and Rhetoric
      5. 17.4 Annotated Student Sample: “Hints of the Homoerotic” by Leo Davis
      6. 17.5 Writing Process: Thinking Critically and Writing Persuasively About Images
      7. 17.6 Editing Focus: Descriptive Diction
      8. 17.7 Evaluation: Relationship Between Analysis and Image
      9. 17.8 Spotlight on … Video and Film
      10. 17.9 Portfolio: Interplay Between Text and Image
      11. Further Reading
      12. Works Cited
    4. 18 Multimodal and Online Writing: Creative Interaction between Text and Image
      1. Introduction
      2. 18.1 Mixing Genres and Modes
      3. 18.2 Multimodal Trailblazer: Torika Bolatagici
      4. 18.3 Glance at Genre: Genre, Audience, Purpose, Organization
      5. 18.4 Annotated Sample Reading: “Celebrating a Win-Win” by Alexandra Dapolito Dunn
      6. 18.5 Writing Process: Create a Multimodal Advocacy Project
      7. 18.6 Evaluation: Transitions
      8. 18.7 Spotlight on . . . Technology
      9. 18.8 Portfolio: Multimodalism
      10. Further Reading
      11. Works Cited
    5. 19 Scripting for the Public Forum: Writing to Speak
      1. Introduction
      2. 19.1 Writing, Speaking, and Activism
      3. 19.2 Podcast Trailblazer: Alice Wong
      4. 19.3 Glance at Genre: Language Performance and Visuals
      5. 19.4 Annotated Student Sample: “Are New DOT Regulations Discriminatory?” by Zain A. Kumar
      6. 19.5 Writing Process: Writing to Speak
      7. 19.6 Evaluation: Bridging Writing and Speaking
      8. 19.7 Spotlight on … Delivery/Public Speaking
      9. 19.8 Portfolio: Everyday Rhetoric, Rhetoric Every Day
      10. Further Reading
      11. Works Cited
    6. 20 Portfolio Reflection: Your Growth as a Writer
      1. Introduction
      2. 20.1 Thinking Critically about Your Semester
      3. 20.2 Reflection Trailblazer: Sandra Cisneros
      4. 20.3 Glance at Genre: Purpose and Structure
      5. 20.4 Annotated Sample Reading: “Don’t Expect Congrats” by Dale Trumbore
      6. 20.5 Writing Process: Looking Back, Looking Forward
      7. 20.6 Editing Focus: Pronouns
      8. 20.7 Evaluation: Evaluating Self-Reflection
      9. 20.8 Spotlight on … Pronouns in Context
      10. Further Reading
      11. Works Cited
  5. Handbook
  6. Index
A
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 7.8 Spotlight on … Language and Culture
African American Vernacular English (AAVE) 2.7 Spotlight on … Variations of English
agents Introduction
Ain’t I a Woman: Black Women and Feminism 16.2 Textual Analysis Trailblazer: bell hooks
American Psychological Association (APA) 14.2 Glance at Form: Citation Style, Purpose, and Formatting
Americans with Disabilities Act 19.2 Podcast Trailblazer: Alice Wong
analytical report Introduction
articles Handbook
B
Between the World and Me 4.2 Memoir Trailblazer: Ta-Nehisi Coates
Biodiversity Institute of Ontario 11.2 Reasoning Trailblazer: Paul D. N. Hebert
C
Caesar Introduction
case study Introduction
Catalog of U.S. Government Publications 13.1 The Research Process: Where to Look for Existing Sources
catharsis Introduction
Centre for Biodiversity Genomics 11.2 Reasoning Trailblazer: Paul D. N. Hebert
Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right 6.2 Proposal Trailblazer: Atul Gawande
Cherokee Introduction
City University of New York 4.2 Memoir Trailblazer: Ta-Nehisi Coates
Clean Water Act 17.1 “Reading” Images
College Composition and Communication 2.7 Spotlight on … Variations of English
colon Handbook
comma splice Handbook
Community Reading Room in Melbourne, Australia 18.2 Multimodal Trailblazer: Torika Bolatagici
complex sentence Handbook
Compound objects Handbook
compound sentence Handbook
Compound subjects Handbook
compound-complex sentence Handbook
concrete nouns Handbook
Conference on College Composition and Communication (CCCC) 2.7 Spotlight on … Variations of English
coordinating conjunction Handbook
Counterclaim (dissenting opinion) 10.3 Glance at Genre: Thesis, Reasoning, and Evidence
cultural lens 2.1 Seeds of Self
cultural system 2.1 Seeds of Self
D
Dance Dance Revolution: Poems 2.2 Identity Trailblazer: Cathy Park Hong
dash Handbook
Death of Truth: Notes on Falsehood in the Age of Trump 7.2 Review Trailblazer: Michiko Kakutani
Demonstrative pronouns 20.6 Editing Focus: Pronouns
Devil You Know: A Black Power Manifesto 10.2 Position Argument Trailblazer: Charles Blow
Disability Visibility Project (DVP) 19.2 Podcast Trailblazer: Alice Wong
Disability Visibility: First-Person Stories from the Twenty-First Century 19.2 Podcast Trailblazer: Alice Wong
discrimination Introduction
Du Bois Introduction
E
ellipsis Handbook
Endeavour Introduction
Ex Libris: 100+ Books to Read and Reread 7.2 Review Trailblazer: Michiko Kakutani
exclamation point Handbook
F
false consensus effect 8.1 Information and Critical Thinking
film reviews Introduction
G
Generic nouns Handbook
gerund Handbook
Great Lakes Institute at Windsor 11.2 Reasoning Trailblazer: Paul D. N. Hebert
H
Higher Loyalty: Truth, Lies, and Leadership 7.2 Review Trailblazer: Michiko Kakutani
Hollywood Foreign Press Association 7.8 Spotlight on … Language and Culture
House of My Own: Stories from My Life 20.2 Reflection Trailblazer: Sandra Cisneros
I
I Am Malala: The Girl Who Stood Up for Education and Was Shot by the Taliban 3.3 Glance at Genre: The Literacy Narrative
imperative mood Handbook
In Its Immensely Satisfying Season Finale, Game of Thrones Became the Show It Had Always Tried Not to Be. 7.1 Thumbs Up or Down?
indefinite pronouns 20.6 Editing Focus: Pronouns, Handbook
indicative mood Handbook
infinitive Handbook
intellectual property 10.8 Spotlight on … Citation
Intellectual property laws 17.1 “Reading” Images
International Barcode of Life 11.2 Reasoning Trailblazer: Paul D. N. Hebert
intersection Introduction
irregular Handbook
L
language Introduction
language acquisition theory 15.8 Spotlight on … Applied Linguistics
literacy Introduction
literacy narrative Introduction
M
main clause Handbook
Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) 7.8 Spotlight on … Language and Culture
Minor Feelings: An Asian American Reckoning 2.2 Identity Trailblazer: Cathy Park Hong
Minority Achievement Committee (MAC) 9.2 Rhetorical Analysis Trailblazer: Jamil Smith
mixed sentence Handbook
N
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) 2.4 Annotated Sample Reading from The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. Du Bois
National Council on Disability 19.2 Podcast Trailblazer: Alice Wong
National Geographic Atlas of the World 13.1 The Research Process: Where to Look for Existing Sources
Natural Causes: An Epidemic of Wellness, the Certainty of Dying, and Killing Ourselves to Live Longer 8.2 Analytical Report Trailblazer: Barbara Ehrenreich
Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America 8.2 Analytical Report Trailblazer: Barbara Ehrenreich
O
object distinction 20.6 Editing Focus: Pronouns
object of the preposition 20.6 Editing Focus: Pronouns
object personal pronoun 20.6 Editing Focus: Pronouns
object personal pronouns 20.6 Editing Focus: Pronouns
On Rhetoric Introduction
Opposing Viewpoints in Context from Gale 13.1 The Research Process: Where to Look for Existing Sources
P
parentheses Handbook
period Handbook
personal pronouns 20.6 Editing Focus: Pronouns
persuasive arguments 17.1 “Reading” Images
possessive pronouns 20.6 Editing Focus: Pronouns
Profiles in Courage 5.1 Profiles as Inspiration
proposal Introduction
R
Reconstruction 17.1 “Reading” Images
Reflexive pronouns 20.6 Editing Focus: Pronouns
Refutation of counterclaims 19.1 Writing, Speaking, and Activism
regular Handbook
research Introduction
research behaviors Introduction
Resist: 40 Profiles of Ordinary People Who Rose Up against Tyranny and Injustice 5.1 Profiles as Inspiration
Reverse chronological order 1.8 Portfolio: Tracing Writing Development
review genre Introduction
Roanoke College Introduction
run-on sentence Handbook
S
Salt, Fat, Acid, Heat: Mastering the Elements of Good Cooking 12.2 Argumentative Research Trailblazer: Samin Nosrat
Scandal Introduction
School of Art and Design, University of New South Wales 18.2 Multimodal Trailblazer: Torika Bolatagici
School of the Art Institute of Chicago 17.2 Image Trailblazer: Sara Ludy
script writing Introduction
semicolon Handbook
sentence fragment Handbook
simple sentence Handbook
slang Handbook
Society of Professional Journalists 9.2 Rhetorical Analysis Trailblazer: Jamil Smith
Southeastern Conference athletics organization 17.1 “Reading” Images
subjunctive mood Handbook
Subordinate clauses Handbook
T
technical manipulations 17.1 “Reading” Images
the personal vs. the universal 17.8 Spotlight on … Video and Film
Things They Carried Unit 1 Unit Introduction
third-person point of view 6.5 Writing Process: Creating a Proposal
U
United Shades of America 19.2 Podcast Trailblazer: Alice Wong
University of North Carolina 15.9 Portfolio: Your Own Uses of Language
W
Web of Science from Clarivate Analytics 13.1 The Research Process: Where to Look for Existing Sources
Woman’s Rights Convention 16.2 Textual Analysis Trailblazer: bell hooks
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