A

aberration
16.3 Lenses

absolute zero
11.1 Temperature and Thermal Energy

absorption spectrum
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

Acceleration
2.4 Velocity vs. Time Graphs,
Introduction,
Introduction,
3.1 Acceleration,
3.2 Representing Acceleration with Equations and Graphs,
4.1 Force,
4.3 Newton's Second Law of Motion,
4.4 Newton's Third Law of Motion,
6.2 Uniform Circular Motion

acceleration due to gravity
3.2 Representing Acceleration with Equations and Graphs

air resistance
5.3 Projectile Motion

alpha (Î±) decay
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

alpha particle
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

alternating current
19.1 Ohm's law

ampere
19.1 Ohm's law

amplitude
5.5 Simple Harmonic Motion,
13.1 Types of Waves,
14.1 Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength,
15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

*amplitude modulation*15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

analytical method
5.2 Vector Addition and Subtraction: Analytical Methods

angle of incidence
16.1 Reflection

angle of reflection
16.1 Reflection

angle of refraction
16.2 Refraction

angle of rotation
6.1 Angle of Rotation and Angular Velocity

angular momentum
8.2 Conservation of Momentum

Antimatter
23.2 Quarks

antinode
13.3 Wave Interaction: Superposition and Interference,
14.4 Sound Interference and Resonance

Antoine Henri Becquerel
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

arc length
6.1 Angle of Rotation and Angular Velocity

atomic number
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

Average acceleration
3.1 Acceleration

Average speed
2.2 Speed and Velocity

Average velocity
2.2 Speed and Velocity

B

baryons
23.2 Quarks

base quantities
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

beat frequency
14.4 Sound Interference and Resonance

becquerel
22.3 Half Life and Radiometric Dating

beta (
$\mathrm{\xce\xb2}$
) decay
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

Big Bang
23.3 The Unification of Forces

blackbody
21.1 Planck and Quantum Nature of Light

Boltzmann constant
12.2 First law of Thermodynamics: Thermal Energy and Work

bottom
23.2 Quarks

C

capacitor
18.5 Capacitors and Dielectrics

carbon-14 dating
22.3 Half Life and Radiometric Dating

carrier particles
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

Celsius scale
11.1 Temperature and Thermal Energy

central axis
16.1 Reflection

centrifugal force
6.2 Uniform Circular Motion

centripetal force
6.2 Uniform Circular Motion

cesium atomic clock
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

chain reaction
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

change in momentum
8.1 Linear Momentum, Force, and Impulse

charmed
23.2 Quarks

chromatic aberration
16.3 Lenses

circuit diagrams
19.2 Series Circuits

classical physics
1.1 Physics: Definitions and Applications

*closed system*9.2 Mechanical Energy and Conservation of Energy

closed-pipe resonator
14.4 Sound Interference and Resonance

coefficient of friction
4.2 Newton's First Law of Motion: Inertia

Colliding beams
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

collision
8.1 Linear Momentum, Force, and Impulse

collisions
8.3 Elastic and Inelastic Collisions

color
23.2 Quarks

complex machine
9.3 Simple Machines

Compton
21.3 The Dual Nature of Light

Compton effect
21.3 The Dual Nature of Light

concave lens
16.3 Lenses

*concave mirror*16.1 Reflection

Condensation
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

conduction
11.2 Heat, Specific Heat, and Heat Transfer,
18.1 Electrical Charges, Conservation of Charge, and Transfer of Charge

conservation
8.2 Conservation of Momentum

Constant acceleration
3.2 Representing Acceleration with Equations and Graphs

constructive interference
13.3 Wave Interaction: Superposition and Interference

convection
11.2 Heat, Specific Heat, and Heat Transfer

conventional current
19.1 Ohm's law

converging lens
16.3 Lenses

conversion factor
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

convex lens
16.3 Lenses

*convex mirror*16.1 Reflection

Copernican model
7.1 Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion

*corner reflector*16.2 Refraction

Coulomb
18.2 Coulomb's law

coulomb force
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

*Coulombâ€™s constant*18.2 Coulomb's law

Coulombâ€™s law
18.2 Coulomb's law

critical angle
16.2 Refraction

critical mass
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

Curie temperature
20.1 Magnetic Fields, Field Lines, and Force

cyclotron
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

D

decay constant
22.3 Half Life and Radiometric Dating

decibels
14.2 Sound Intensity and Sound Level

deformation
5.5 Simple Harmonic Motion

degree Celsius
$\text{(}\text{\xc2\xb0C}$
)
11.1 Temperature and Thermal Energy

degree Fahrenheit
$\text{(}\text{\xc2\xb0F}$
)
11.1 Temperature and Thermal Energy

dependent variable
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units,
2.3 Position vs. Time Graphs

Deposition
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

derived quantity
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

destructive interference
13.3 Wave Interaction: Superposition and Interference

dielectric
18.5 Capacitors and Dielectrics

differential interference contrast (DIC)
17.2 Applications of Diffraction, Interference, and Coherence

diffraction
17.1 Understanding Diffraction and Interference

diffraction grating
17.2 Applications of Diffraction, Interference, and Coherence

diffused
16.1 Reflection

direct current
19.1 Ohm's law

dispersion
16.2 Refraction

displacement
2.1 Relative Motion, Distance, and Displacement,
2.4 Velocity vs. Time Graphs,
3.1 Acceleration,
3.2 Representing Acceleration with Equations and Graphs

diverging lens
16.3 Lenses

Doppler effect
14.3 Doppler Effect and Sonic Booms

down
23.2 Quarks

E

E.O. Lawrence
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

eccentricity
7.1 Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion

Edwin Hubble
23.3 The Unification of Forces

efficiency output
9.3 Simple Machines

elastic collision
8.3 Elastic and Inelastic Collisions

electric circuits
19.2 Series Circuits

Electric current
19.1 Ohm's law

electric eye
21.2 Einstein and the Photoelectric Effect

Electric motors
20.2 Motors, Generators, and Transformers

electric potential
18.4 Electric Potential

Electric potential energy
18.4 Electric Potential

electric power
19.4 Electric Power

electrical charge
18.2 Coulomb's law

Electricity
1.1 Physics: Definitions and Applications

electromagnet
20.1 Magnetic Fields, Field Lines, and Force

electromagnetic force
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

electromagnetic radiation (EMR)
15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

electromagnetism
20.1 Magnetic Fields, Field Lines, and Force

electron cloud model
1.2 The Scientific Methods

Electroweak Epoch
23.3 The Unification of Forces

electroweak theory
23.3 The Unification of Forces

emission spectrum
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

energy-level diagram
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

energy-mass curve
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

Enrico Fermi
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

equilibrium position
5.5 Simple Harmonic Motion

equivalent resistor
19.2 Series Circuits

Ernest Rutherford
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

excited states
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

experiment
1.2 The Scientific Methods

exponential relationship
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

external force
4.1 Force

eyepiece
16.3 Lenses

F

Fahrenheit scale
11.1 Temperature and Thermal Energy

Faraday
18.3 Electric Field

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

ferromagnetic
20.1 Magnetic Fields, Field Lines, and Force

Feynman diagram
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

first law of thermodynamics
12.2 First law of Thermodynamics: Thermal Energy and Work

flavors
23.2 Quarks

*focal length*16.1 Reflection

*focal point*16.1 Reflection

*force field*18.3 Electric Field

frame of reference
10.1 Postulates of Special Relativity

frame-dragging effect
7.2 Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation and Einstein's Theory of General Relativity

frames of reference
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

Fraunhofer lines
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

free-body diagram
4.1 Force

freefall
4.3 Newton's Second Law of Motion

Freezing
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

Frequency
5.5 Simple Harmonic Motion,
13.1 Types of Waves,
14.1 Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength,
15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

*frequency modulation*15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

fundamental
14.4 Sound Interference and Resonance

fundamental physical
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

fusion reactors
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

G

Galilei
Introduction

gamma (Î³) rays
15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Gamma decay
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

gauge pressure
14.1 Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength

Geiger tube
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

General relativity
Introduction

geodetic effect
7.2 Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation and Einstein's Theory of General Relativity

*geometric optics*16.1 Reflection

George Zweig
23.2 Quarks

gluon
23.2 Quarks

Grand Unification Epoch
23.3 The Unification of Forces

Grand Unified Theory (GUT)
23.3 The Unification of Forces

gravitational
4.4 Newton's Third Law of Motion

gravitational constant
7.2 Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation and Einstein's Theory of General Relativity

Gravitational potential energy
9.1 Work, Power, and the Workâ€“Energy Theorem

ground state
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

gun-type bomb
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

H

hadrons
23.2 Quarks

half-life
22.3 Half Life and Radiometric Dating

harmonic motion
14.1 Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength

harmonics
14.4 Sound Interference and Resonance

head-to-tail method
5.1 Vector Addition and Subtraction: Graphical Methods

heat capacity
11.2 Heat, Specific Heat, and Heat Transfer

Heisenberg uncertainty principle
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

Hideki Yukawa
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

Higgs boson
23.2 Quarks

Higgs field
23.2 Quarks

Hookeâ€™s law
5.5 Simple Harmonic Motion

Huygensâ€™s principle
17.1 Understanding Diffraction and Interference

hydrogen-like atoms
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

hypothesis
1.2 The Scientific Methods

I

ideal mechanical advantage
9.3 Simple Machines

illuminance
15.2 The Behavior of Electromagnetic Radiation

impulse-momentum theorem
8.1 Linear Momentum, Force, and Impulse

in parallel
19.3 Parallel Circuits

in series
19.2 Series Circuits

*incident ray*16.2 Refraction

inclined plane
9.3 Simple Machines

*independent*5.3 Projectile Motion

independent variable
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units,
2.3 Position vs. Time Graphs

index of refraction
16.2 Refraction

induction
18.1 Electrical Charges, Conservation of Charge, and Transfer of Charge,
20.3 Electromagnetic Induction

inelastic collision
8.3 Elastic and Inelastic Collisions

inertial reference frame
10.1 Postulates of Special Relativity

Inflationary Epoch
23.3 The Unification of Forces

infrared (IR) radiation
15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

infrasound
14.2 Sound Intensity and Sound Level

input work
9.3 Simple Machines

instantaneous acceleration
3.1 Acceleration

instantaneous speed
2.2 Speed and Velocity

instantaneous velocity
2.2 Speed and Velocity

interference
15.2 The Behavior of Electromagnetic Radiation

Internal energy
12.2 First law of Thermodynamics: Thermal Energy and Work

Inverse proportionality
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

inverse relationship
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

inverse-square law
18.2 Coulomb's law

*Inversely proportional*4.3 Newton's Second Law of Motion

Ionization
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

ionizing radiation
22.5 Medical Applications of Radioactivity: Diagnostic Imaging and Radiation

isolated system
8.2 Conservation of Momentum

K

kelvin
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units,
11.1 Temperature and Thermal Energy

Kelvin scale
11.1 Temperature and Thermal Energy

Kepler
Introduction

Keplerâ€™s laws of planetary motion
7.1 Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion

kinematic equations
3.2 Representing Acceleration with Equations and Graphs

kinematics
1.1 Physics: Definitions and Applications,
2.1 Relative Motion, Distance, and Displacement,
2.3 Position vs. Time Graphs,
4.1 Force

kinematics of rotational motion
6.3 Rotational Motion

kinetic energy
8.3 Elastic and Inelastic Collisions,
9.1 Work, Power, and the Workâ€“Energy Theorem,
18.4 Electric Potential

Kinetic friction
5.4 Inclined Planes

L

laminated-coil transformer
20.2 Motors, Generators, and Transformers

Large Hadron Collider
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

latent heat
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

latent heat of fusion
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

latent heat of vaporization
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

law of conservation of charge
18.1 Electrical Charges, Conservation of Charge, and Transfer of Charge

law of conservation of energy
9.2 Mechanical Energy and Conservation of Energy

law of inertia
4.2 Newton's First Law of Motion: Inertia

law of reflection
16.1 Reflection

law of refraction
16.1 Reflection

length contraction
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

Leptons
23.2 Quarks

lever
9.3 Simple Machines

lever arm
6.3 Rotational Motion

light years
15.2 The Behavior of Electromagnetic Radiation

LightSail-1
21.3 The Dual Nature of Light

linear acceleration
6.3 Rotational Motion

Linear momentum
8.1 Linear Momentum, Force, and Impulse

linear relationships
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

liquid drop model
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

logarithmic (log) scale
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

longitudinal wave
13.1 Types of Waves

longitudinal waves
14.1 Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength

loudness
14.2 Sound Intensity and Sound Level

Louis de Broglie
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

luminous flux
15.2 The Behavior of Electromagnetic Radiation

M

magnetic dipoles
20.1 Magnetic Fields, Field Lines, and Force

magnetic flux
20.3 Electromagnetic Induction

magnetic induction
20.3 Electromagnetic Induction

magnetic pole
20.1 Magnetic Fields, Field Lines, and Force

magnetized
20.1 Magnetic Fields, Field Lines, and Force

Manhattan Project
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

Mass
4.2 Newton's First Law of Motion: Inertia,
4.3 Newton's Second Law of Motion,
8.1 Linear Momentum, Force, and Impulse

mass defect
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

mass number
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

maximum height
5.3 Projectile Motion

maximum height of a projectile
5.3 Projectile Motion

Maxwellâ€™s equations
15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

mechanical advantage
9.3 Simple Machines

mechanical energy
9.1 Work, Power, and the Workâ€“Energy Theorem

mechanical waves
13.1 Types of Waves

medium
13.1 Types of Waves

mesons
23.2 Quarks

method of adding percents
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

Michelsonâ€“Morley experiment
10.1 Postulates of Special Relativity

microwave radiation
15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

modern physics
1.1 Physics: Definitions and Applications

moment of inertia
8.2 Conservation of Momentum

momentum
8.2 Conservation of Momentum,
8.3 Elastic and Inelastic Collisions,
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

monochromatic
17.1 Understanding Diffraction and Interference

Murray Gell-Mann
23.2 Quarks

N

natural frequency
14.4 Sound Interference and Resonance

negative acceleration
3.1 Acceleration

Newtonâ€™s first law of motion
4.2 Newton's First Law of Motion: Inertia

Newtonâ€™s third law of motion
4.4 Newton's Third Law of Motion

Newtonâ€™s universal law of gravitation
7.2 Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation and Einstein's Theory of General Relativity

Niels Bohr
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

nonohmic
19.1 Ohm's law

north pole
20.1 Magnetic Fields, Field Lines, and Force

nuclear fission
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

Nuclear fusion
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

Nuclear physics
1.1 Physics: Definitions and Applications

nuclear strong force
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

O

objectives
16.3 Lenses

observation
1.2 The Scientific Methods

*ocular*16.3 Lenses

Ohmâ€™s law
19.1 Ohm's law

ohmic
19.1 Ohm's law

open-pipe resonator
14.4 Sound Interference and Resonance

order of magnitude
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

oscillate
5.5 Simple Harmonic Motion

output work
9.3 Simple Machines

overtones
14.4 Sound Interference and Resonance

P

pair production
23.2 Quarks

*parfocal*16.3 Lenses

Particle physics
Introduction

particle-wave duality
21.3 The Dual Nature of Light

Pascalâ€™s principle
1.2 The Scientific Methods

perihelion
7.1 Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion

Periodic motion
5.5 Simple Harmonic Motion

periodic wave
13.1 Types of Waves

permanent magnet
20.1 Magnetic Fields, Field Lines, and Force

permittivity of free space
18.5 Capacitors and Dielectrics

Peter Higgs
23.2 Quarks

phase change
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

phase diagram
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

photoelectric effect
21.2 Einstein and the Photoelectric Effect

photoelectron
21.2 Einstein and the Photoelectric Effect

photon momentum
21.3 The Dual Nature of Light

photovoltaic cells
21.2 Einstein and the Photoelectric Effect

physical models
1.2 The Scientific Methods

physical science
5.2 Vector Addition and Subtraction: Analytical Methods

pivot point
6.3 Rotational Motion

Planck Epoch
23.3 The Unification of Forces

Planckâ€™s constant
21.1 Planck and Quantum Nature of Light

planetary model of the atom
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

*plum pudding*model 22.1 The Structure of the Atom

point charge
18.3 Electric Field

point masses
8.3 Elastic and Inelastic Collisions

polarized light
15.2 The Behavior of Electromagnetic Radiation

position
2.1 Relative Motion, Distance, and Displacement,
2.3 Position vs. Time Graphs,
2.4 Velocity vs. Time Graphs

positron
23.2 Quarks

Positron emission tomography
22.5 Medical Applications of Radioactivity: Diagnostic Imaging and Radiation

postulates
10.1 Postulates of Special Relativity

potential difference
18.4 Electric Potential

potential energy
9.1 Work, Power, and the Workâ€“Energy Theorem,
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity,
18.4 Electric Potential

primary and secondary coils
20.2 Motors, Generators, and Transformers

principles
1.2 The Scientific Methods

projectile
5.3 Projectile Motion

Projectile motion
5.3 Projectile Motion

Proper length
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

proportionality
4.3 Newton's Second Law of Motion

proton decay
23.3 The Unification of Forces

proton-proton cycle
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

Ptolemaic model
7.1 Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion

pulley
9.3 Simple Machines

pulse wave
13.1 Types of Waves

Q

quadratic relationship
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

quantized
21.1 Planck and Quantum Nature of Light

quantum electrodynamics
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

quantum mechanics
1.1 Physics: Definitions and Applications,
21.1 Planck and Quantum Nature of Light

Quark Era
23.3 The Unification of Forces

quarks
23.2 Quarks

R

radio waves
15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

radioactive
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

Radioactive dating
22.3 Half Life and Radiometric Dating

radioactive decay
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

Radioactivity
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

radiopharmaceutical
22.5 Medical Applications of Radioactivity: Diagnostic Imaging and Radiation

radius of curvature
6.1 Angle of Rotation and Angular Velocity

rarefactions
14.1 Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength

*ray*16.1 Reflection

Rayleigh criterion
17.2 Applications of Diffraction, Interference, and Coherence

real image
16.1 Reflection

Recombination
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

reference frame
2.1 Relative Motion, Distance, and Displacement

*refracted ray*16.2 Refraction

relative biological effectiveness
22.5 Medical Applications of Radioactivity: Diagnostic Imaging and Radiation

relative speed
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

Relativistic
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

relativistic energy
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

relativistic factor
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

Relativistic momentum
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

Relativity
Introduction

Resistance
19.1 Ohm's law

resistor
19.2 Series Circuits

resonance
14.4 Sound Interference and Resonance

rest mass
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

restoring force
5.5 Simple Harmonic Motion

resultant vector
5.1 Vector Addition and Subtraction: Graphical Methods

revolution
6.1 Angle of Rotation and Angular Velocity

Richard Feynman
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

right-hand rule
20.1 Magnetic Fields, Field Lines, and Force

roentgen equivalent man
22.5 Medical Applications of Radioactivity: Diagnostic Imaging and Radiation

rotational inertia
8.2 Conservation of Momentum

Rotational motion
6.1 Angle of Rotation and Angular Velocity

Rutherford scattering
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

Rydberg constant
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

S

scalar
2.1 Relative Motion, Distance, and Displacement,
2.2 Speed and Velocity,
8.1 Linear Momentum, Force, and Impulse

scientific law
1.2 The Scientific Methods

scientific method
1.2 The Scientific Methods

Scientific models
1.2 The Scientific Methods

Scientific notation
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

scintillators
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

screw
9.3 Simple Machines

second law of thermodynamics
12.3 Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy

shock wave
14.3 Doppler Effect and Sonic Booms

significant figures
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

simple harmonic motion
5.5 Simple Harmonic Motion

Simple machines
9.3 Simple Machines

simple pendulum
5.5 Simple Harmonic Motion

Simultaneity
10.1 Postulates of Special Relativity

Single-photon-emission computer tomography
22.5 Medical Applications of Radioactivity: Diagnostic Imaging and Radiation

*Snellâ€™s law*16.2 Refraction

sonic boom
14.3 Doppler Effect and Sonic Booms

sound intensity
14.2 Sound Intensity and Sound Level

sound intensity level
14.2 Sound Intensity and Sound Level

south pole
20.1 Magnetic Fields, Field Lines, and Force

specific heat
11.2 Heat, Specific Heat, and Heat Transfer

specular
16.1 Reflection

speed
2.1 Relative Motion, Distance, and Displacement,
2.2 Speed and Velocity,
4.3 Newton's Second Law of Motion,
14.1 Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength

Standard Model
23.2 Quarks

standing waves
13.3 Wave Interaction: Superposition and Interference

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

static friction
5.4 Inclined Planes

steady state
19.2 Series Circuits

strange
23.2 Quarks

Sublimation
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

Super-Kamiokande
23.3 The Unification of Forces

superforce
23.3 The Unification of Forces

superposition
13.3 Wave Interaction: Superposition and Interference

supersonic
14.3 Doppler Effect and Sonic Booms

synchrotron
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

systems
4.1 Force

T

tangent
2.3 Position vs. Time Graphs

tangential acceleration
6.3 Rotational Motion

temperature
11.1 Temperature and Thermal Energy

tension
4.4 Newton's Third Law of Motion

test charge
18.3 Electric Field

The net external force
4.1 Force

theory
1.2 The Scientific Methods

Theory of Everything
23.3 The Unification of Forces

theory of relativity
1.1 Physics: Definitions and Applications

thermal energy
11.1 Temperature and Thermal Energy

thermal equilibrium
12.1 Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics: Thermal Equilibrium

thermodynamics
1.1 Physics: Definitions and Applications

thermonuclear bomb
22.4 Nuclear Fission and Fusion

thin-film interference
15.2 The Behavior of Electromagnetic Radiation

three-dimensional models
1.2 The Scientific Methods

time
2.2 Speed and Velocity,
2.3 Position vs. Time Graphs,
2.4 Velocity vs. Time Graphs,
3.1 Acceleration,
3.1 Acceleration

Time dilation
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

top
23.2 Quarks

*torsion balance*18.2 Coulomb's law

total energy
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

*total internal reflection*16.2 Refraction

trajectory
5.3 Projectile Motion

transformer
20.2 Motors, Generators, and Transformers

translational acceleration
8.2 Conservation of Momentum

transmutation
22.2 Nuclear Forces and Radioactivity

transverse wave
13.1 Types of Waves

transverse waves
14.1 Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength

twin paradox
10.2 Consequences of Special Relativity

U

U.S. customary units
1.3 The Language of Physics: Physical Quantities and Units

ultrasound
14.2 Sound Intensity and Sound Level

ultraviolet (UV) radiation
15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

ultraviolet catastrophe
21.1 Planck and Quantum Nature of Light

uniform circular motion
6.2 Uniform Circular Motion

uniform electric field
18.5 Capacitors and Dielectrics

universal
1.2 The Scientific Methods

universal laws
4.1 Force

up
23.2 Quarks

V

Van de Graaff generator
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

Vaporization
11.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat

vector
2.1 Relative Motion, Distance, and Displacement,
2.2 Speed and Velocity,
4.3 Newton's Second Law of Motion,
8.1 Linear Momentum, Force, and Impulse

vector addition
5.1 Vector Addition and Subtraction: Graphical Methods

vector quantities
3.1 Acceleration

Vector subtraction
5.1 Vector Addition and Subtraction: Graphical Methods

Velocity
2.2 Speed and Velocity,
2.4 Velocity vs. Time Graphs,
Introduction,
3.1 Acceleration,
3.2 Representing Acceleration with Equations and Graphs,
4.1 Force,
4.3 Newton's Second Law of Motion,
6.2 Uniform Circular Motion,
8.1 Linear Momentum, Force, and Impulse

virtual image
16.1 Reflection

visible light
15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

*voltage*18.4 Electric Potential

W

W bosons
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

wave
13.1 Types of Waves

wavelength
13.2 Wave Properties: Speed, Amplitude, Frequency, and Period,
14.1 Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength,
15.1 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

weak nuclear force
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

wedge
9.3 Simple Machines

weight
4.2 Newton's First Law of Motion: Inertia,
4.3 Newton's Second Law of Motion,
4.4 Newton's Third Law of Motion

Werner Heisenberg
22.1 The Structure of the Atom

wheel and axle
9.3 Simple Machines

workâ€“energy theorem
9.1 Work, Power, and the Workâ€“Energy Theorem

X

Z

Z bosons
23.1 The Four Fundamental Forces

zeroth law of thermodynamics
12.1 Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics: Thermal Equilibrium