A

absolute temperature scale1.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales

absolute zero1.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales

ac current15.1 AC Sources

ac voltage15.1 AC Sources

Adiabatic compressions3.6 Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas

adiabatic expansion3.6 Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas

adiabatic process3.4 Thermodynamic Processes

Alternating current (ac)15.1 AC Sources

amber5.1 Electric Charge

Ampère’s law12.5 Ampère’s Law

analog meter10.4 Electrical Measuring Instruments

area vector6.1 Electric Flux

average power15.4 Power in an AC Circuit

Avogadro’s number2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

B

bandwidth15.5 Resonance in an AC Circuit

Bardeen9.6 Superconductors

battery10.1 Electromotive Force

Battery testers10.1 Electromotive Force

BCS theory9.6 Superconductors

Biot-Savart law12.1 The Biot-Savart Law

Bluetooth16.5 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Boltzmann2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

Boltzmann constant2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

boundary3.1 Thermodynamic Systems

Boyle’s law2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

braking systems13.5 Eddy Currents

C

camera flashes14.2 Self-Inductance and Inductors

capacitance8.1 Capacitors and Capacitance

capacitive reactance15.2 Simple AC Circuits

Carnot4.5 The Carnot Cycle

Carnot cycle4.5 The Carnot Cycle

Carnot engine4.5 The Carnot Cycle

Carnot’s principle4.5 The Carnot Cycle

cathode10.1 Electromotive Force

Cell membranes8.1 Capacitors and Capacitance

Cell phone16.5 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Celsius scale1.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales

Chadwick5.1 Electric Charge

charging by induction5.2 Conductors, Insulators, and Charging by Induction

Charles’s law2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

circuit9.1 Electrical Current

Clausius statement of the second law of thermodynamics4.1 Reversible and Irreversible Processes

closed system3.1 Thermodynamic Systems

coaxial cable8.1 Capacitors and Capacitance, 12.7 Magnetism in Matter, 14.3 Energy in a Magnetic Field

coefficient of linear expansion1.3 Thermal Expansion

coefficient of performance4.3 Refrigerators and Heat Pumps

coefficient of volume expansion1.3 Thermal Expansion

cold reservoir4.2 Heat Engines

Comet McNaughtIntroduction

commutator11.5 Force and Torque on a Current Loop

compass needle11.1 Magnetism and Its Historical Discoveries

condensation1.5 Phase Changes

conduction1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

conduction electron5.2 Conductors, Insulators, and Charging by Induction

constant-volume gas thermometer1.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales

continuous charge distribution5.5 Calculating Electric Fields of Charge Distributions

convection1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

conventional current9.1 Electrical Current

Cooper9.6 Superconductors

Cooper pairs9.6 Superconductors

Coulomb force5.3 Coulomb's Law

critical point1.5 Phase Changes

Critical pressure1.5 Phase Changes

current density9.2 Model of Conduction in Metals

cyclic process3.4 Thermodynamic Processes

cylindrical symmetry6.3 Applying Gauss’s Law

D

Dalton’s law of partial pressures2.2 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed

Debye temperature1.4 Heat Transfer, Specific Heat, and Calorimetry

defibrillator8.3 Energy Stored in a Capacitor

degree Celsius1.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales

degree Fahrenheit1.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales

degree of freedom2.3 Heat Capacity and Equipartition of Energy

density of water1.3 Thermal Expansion

Diamagnetic materials12.7 Magnetism in Matter

dielectric8.1 Capacitors and Capacitance

dielectric breakdown8.5 Molecular Model of a Dielectric

dielectric constant8.4 Capacitor with a Dielectric

diesel cycle4.7 Entropy on a Microscopic Scale

digital meter10.4 Electrical Measuring Instruments

Digital signal processing14.1 Mutual Inductance

diode9.4 Ohm's Law

dipole antenna16.2 Plane Electromagnetic Waves

dipole moment5.7 Electric Dipoles

Direct current (dc)15.1 AC Sources

displacement current16.1 Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic Waves

drift velocity9.2 Model of Conduction in Metals

dry ice1.5 Phase Changes

E

eddy current13.5 Eddy Currents

efficiency (e)4.2 Heat Engines

electric charge5.1 Electric Charge

electric dipole7.3 Calculations of Electric Potential

electric dipole moment7.3 Calculations of Electric Potential

electric field5.4 Electric Field

electric force5.1 Electric Charge

electric potential7.2 Electric Potential and Potential Difference

electric potential difference7.2 Electric Potential and Potential Difference

electric power9.5 Electrical Energy and Power

electrical conductivity9.3 Resistivity and Resistance

electrical current9.1 Electrical Current

electrical potential energy7.1 Electric Potential Energy

electrolytic capacitor8.1 Capacitors and Capacitance

electromotive force (emf)10.1 Electromotive Force

electron5.1 Electric Charge

electron-volt7.2 Electric Potential and Potential Difference

electrostatic attraction5.1 Electric Charge

electrostatic force5.3 Coulomb's Law

electrostatic precipitators7.6 Applications of Electrostatics

electrostatic repulsion5.1 Electric Charge

electrostatics5.3 Coulomb's Law

emissivity1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

energy conservation3.3 First Law of Thermodynamics

energy flux16.3 Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves

entropy4.6 Entropy

entropy statement of the second law of thermodynamics4.6 Entropy

environment3.1 Thermodynamic Systems

equation of state3.1 Thermodynamic Systems

equilibrium3.1 Thermodynamic Systems

equipartition theorem2.3 Heat Capacity and Equipartition of Energy

equipotential line7.5 Equipotential Surfaces and Conductors

equipotential surface7.5 Equipotential Surfaces and Conductors

equivalent resistance10.2 Resistors in Series and Parallel

escape velocity2.2 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed

evaporation1.5 Phase Changes

expansion joints1.3 Thermal Expansion

extensive variable3.1 Thermodynamic Systems

F

Fahrenheit scale1.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales

Faraday8.1 Capacitors and Capacitance, 11.1 Magnetism and Its Historical Discoveries, 13.1 Faraday’s Law

Faraday’s law14.1 Mutual Inductance

ferromagnetic material12.7 Magnetism in Matter

field line5.6 Electric Field Lines

field line density5.6 Electric Field Lines

first law of thermodynamics3.3 First Law of Thermodynamics

flash camera10.5 RC Circuits

forced convection1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

free electrons6.4 Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium

freezing1.5 Phase Changes

freezing of water1.3 Thermal Expansion

G

gamma ray (γγ ray)16.5 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Gaussian surface6.2 Explaining Gauss’s Law

Gay-Lussac’s law2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

generators13.6 Electric Generators and Back Emf

giant magnetoresistance11.1 Magnetism and Its Historical Discoveries, 13.7 Applications of Electromagnetic Induction

Gilbert5.1 Electric Charge

greenhouse effect1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

ground fault circuit interrupter10.6 Household Wiring and Electrical Safety

H

half-wave antenna16.2 Plane Electromagnetic Waves

Hall effect11.6 The Hall Effect

heat engine4.2 Heat Engines

heat of fusion1.5 Phase Changes

heat of sublimation1.5 Phase Changes

heat of vaporization1.5 Phase Changes

heat transfer1.1 Temperature and Thermal Equilibrium

helical motion11.3 Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field

henry (H)14.1 Mutual Inductance

hot reservoir4.2 Heat Engines

hybrid vehicles13.7 Applications of Electromagnetic Induction

hysteresis12.7 Magnetism in Matter

I

ideal gas2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

ideal gas law2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

impedance15.3 RLC Series Circuits with AC

induced dipole5.7 Electric Dipoles

induced electric field13.4 Induced Electric Fields

induced electric-dipole moment8.5 Molecular Model of a Dielectric

induced electrical field8.5 Molecular Model of a Dielectric

induced emf13.1 Faraday’s Law

induced surface charges8.5 Molecular Model of a Dielectric

Inductance14.1 Mutual Inductance

inductive reactance15.2 Simple AC Circuits

inductive time constant14.4 RL Circuits

infinite plane5.5 Calculating Electric Fields of Charge Distributions

infinite straight wire5.5 Calculating Electric Fields of Charge Distributions

infrared radiation16.5 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

ink jet printer7.6 Applications of Electrostatics

insulation1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

intensive variable3.1 Thermodynamic Systems

internal combustion engine4.2 Heat Engines

internal energy1.4 Heat Transfer, Specific Heat, and Calorimetry, 2.2 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed, 3.2 Work, Heat, and Internal Energy

internal resistance10.1 Electromotive Force

irreversibility4.1 Reversible and Irreversible Processes

irreversible process4.1 Reversible and Irreversible Processes

isentropic4.7 Entropy on a Microscopic Scale

isobaric process3.4 Thermodynamic Processes

isochoric process3.4 Thermodynamic Processes

isothermal expansion3.2 Work, Heat, and Internal Energy

isothermal process3.4 Thermodynamic Processes

K

Kamerlingh Onnes9.6 Superconductors

Kelvin scale1.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales

Kelvin statement of the second law of thermodynamics4.4 Statements of the Second Law of Thermodynamics

kinetic theory of gases2.2 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed

Kirchhoff10.3 Kirchhoff's Rules

Kirchhoff’s rules10.3 Kirchhoff's Rules

L

laser printer7.6 Applications of Electrostatics

latent heat coefficient1.5 Phase Changes

law of conservation of charge5.1 Electric Charge

Law of Dulong and Petit2.3 Heat Capacity and Equipartition of Energy

LC circuit14.5 Oscillations in an LC Circuit

lead acid battery10.1 Electromotive Force

Lenz13.2 Lenz's Law

Lenz’s law13.2 Lenz's Law

Leyden jar5.1 Electric Charge

light sail16.4 Momentum and Radiation Pressure

lightning rod7.5 Equipotential Surfaces and Conductors

linear charge density5.5 Calculating Electric Fields of Charge Distributions

loop rule10.3 Kirchhoff's Rules

Lorentz force equation16.1 Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic Waves

M

magnetic dipole11.5 Force and Torque on a Current Loop

magnetic dipole moment11.5 Force and Torque on a Current Loop

magnetic domains12.7 Magnetism in Matter

magnetic energy density14.3 Energy in a Magnetic Field

magnetic field lines11.2 Magnetic Fields and Lines

magnetic flux13.1 Faraday’s Law

magnetic force11.2 Magnetic Fields and Lines

magnetic monopoles11.2 Magnetic Fields and Lines

magnetic resonance imaging12.6 Solenoids and Toroids

magnetic susceptibility12.7 Magnetism in Matter

mass spectrometer11.7 Applications of Magnetic Forces and Fields

Maxwell2.3 Heat Capacity and Equipartition of Energy, 16.1 Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic Waves

Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution2.4 Distribution of Molecular Speeds

Maxwell’s equations16.1 Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic Waves

mean free path2.2 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed

mean free time2.2 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed

mechanical equivalent of heat1.4 Heat Transfer, Specific Heat, and Calorimetry

Meissner effect9.6 Superconductors

melting1.5 Phase Changes

microwaves16.5 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

molar heat capacity at constant pressure3.5 Heat Capacities of an Ideal Gas

molar heat capacity at constant volume2.3 Heat Capacity and Equipartition of Energy, 3.5 Heat Capacities of an Ideal Gas

most probable speed2.4 Distribution of Molecular Speeds

motionally induced emf13.3 Motional Emf

multi-loop circuit10.3 Kirchhoff's Rules

mutual inductance (M)14.1 Mutual Inductance

N

natural convection1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

net rate of heat transfer by radiation1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

neutron5.1 Electric Charge

non-quasi-static processes3.4 Thermodynamic Processes

nonohmic9.4 Ohm's Law

normal vector6.1 Electric Flux

north magnetic pole11.1 Magnetism and Its Historical Discoveries

nucleus5.1 Electric Charge

P

pacemaker10.5 RC Circuits

parallel circuit10.2 Resistors in Series and Parallel

parallel combination8.2 Capacitors in Series and in Parallel

parallel-plate capacitor8.1 Capacitors and Capacitance

paramagnetic material12.7 Magnetism in Matter

partial pressure2.2 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed

peak speed2.4 Distribution of Molecular Speeds

perfect engine4.4 Statements of the Second Law of Thermodynamics

perfect refrigerator4.4 Statements of the Second Law of Thermodynamics

permanent dipole5.7 Electric Dipoles

permeability of free space12.1 The Biot-Savart Law

permittivity of free space16.1 Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic Waves

permittivity of vacuum5.3 Coulomb's Law

phase angle15.3 RLC Series Circuits with AC

phase diagram1.5 Phase Changes

phase transition2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

Phase transitions1.5 Phase Changes

phasor diagrams15.2 Simple AC Circuits

photoconductor7.6 Applications of Electrostatics

planar symmetry6.3 Applying Gauss’s Law

polarization5.2 Conductors, Insulators, and Charging by Induction, 6.4 Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium

potential difference10.1 Electromotive Force

power factor15.4 Power in an AC Circuit

Power plants4.2 Heat Engines

Poynting vector16.3 Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves

principle of superposition5.3 Coulomb's Law

proton5.1 Electric Charge

pV diagram2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

Q

quality factor15.5 Resonance in an AC Circuit

R

R factor1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

radiation1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

radiation pressure16.4 Momentum and Radiation Pressure

radio waves16.5 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

rail gun13.3 Motional Emf

rate of conductive heat transfer1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

RC circuit10.5 RC Circuits

relative humidity2.2 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed

resistance9.3 Resistivity and Resistance

resistivity9.3 Resistivity and Resistance

resistor15.2 Simple AC Circuits

resonant frequency15.5 Resonance in an AC Circuit

right-hand rule12.2 Magnetic Field Due to a Thin Straight Wire

right-hand rule 213.2 Lenz's Law

right-hand rule-111.2 Magnetic Fields and Lines

RLC circuit14.6 RLC Series Circuits

RLC series circuit15.3 RLC Series Circuits with AC

rms current15.2 Simple AC Circuits

rms voltage15.2 Simple AC Circuits

root-mean-square (rms) speed2.2 Pressure, Temperature, and RMS Speed

Rutherford5.1 Electric Charge

S

scalar field5.4 Electric Field

schematic9.1 Electrical Current

Schrieffer9.6 Superconductors

self-inductance14.2 Self-Inductance and Inductors

series circuit10.2 Resistors in Series and Parallel

series combination8.2 Capacitors in Series and in Parallel

shock hazard10.6 Household Wiring and Electrical Safety

short circuit10.6 Household Wiring and Electrical Safety

smartphoneIntroduction

SnowIntroduction

solar cells10.3 Kirchhoff's Rules

south magnetic pole11.1 Magnetism and Its Historical Discoveries

spark chamber7.2 Electric Potential and Potential Difference

specific heat1.4 Heat Transfer, Specific Heat, and Calorimetry

speed of light16.2 Plane Electromagnetic Waves

spherical symmetry6.3 Applying Gauss’s Law

SQUID9.6 Superconductors

standard temperature and pressure (STP)2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

starter motor9.1 Electrical Current

state functions3.3 First Law of Thermodynamics

state variable1.4 Heat Transfer, Specific Heat, and Calorimetry

static electricity5.1 Electric Charge

Stefan-Boltzmann law of radiation1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

step-down transformer15.6 Transformers

step-up transformer15.6 Transformers

Stirling engine4.6 Entropy

sublimation1.5 Phase Changes

superconductivity9.6 Superconductors

supercritical2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

supercritical fluid1.5 Phase Changes

superposition5.4 Electric Field

surface charge density5.5 Calculating Electric Fields of Charge Distributions

surroundings3.1 Thermodynamic Systems

T

tablet computers13.7 Applications of Electromagnetic Induction

television16.5 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

temperature1.1 Temperature and Thermal Equilibrium

terminal voltage10.1 Electromotive Force

thermal agitation16.5 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

thermal conductivity1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

thermal energy1.4 Heat Transfer, Specific Heat, and Calorimetry

thermal expansion1.3 Thermal Expansion

thermal hazard10.6 Household Wiring and Electrical Safety

thermal stress1.3 Thermal Expansion

thermodynamic process3.4 Thermodynamic Processes

thermodynamic system3.1 Thermodynamic Systems

thermodynamic variables3.4 Thermodynamic Processes

thermographs1.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer

Thermometers1.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales

third law of thermodynamics4.7 Entropy on a Microscopic Scale

Thomson5.1 Electric Charge

three-wire system10.6 Household Wiring and Electrical Safety

time constant10.5 RC Circuits

traffic signals14.2 Self-Inductance and Inductors

transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)13.7 Applications of Electromagnetic Induction

transformer15.6 Transformers

transformer equation15.6 Transformers

transmission lines15.6 Transformers

U

ultraviolet radiation16.5 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

unified atomic mass unit (u)2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

universal gas constant2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

V

Van Allen radiation belts11.3 Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field

van der Waals2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

van der Waals equation of state2.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas

van der Waals gas3.2 Work, Heat, and Internal Energy

vapor1.5 Phase Changes

variable air capacitor8.1 Capacitors and Capacitance

vector field5.4 Electric Field

velocity selector11.6 The Hall Effect

Visible light16.5 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

voltaic pile10.1 Electromotive Force

volume charge density5.5 Calculating Electric Fields of Charge Distributions

Z