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Table of contents
  1. Preface
  2. Optics
    1. 1 The Nature of Light
      1. Introduction
      2. 1.1 The Propagation of Light
      3. 1.2 The Law of Reflection
      4. 1.3 Refraction
      5. 1.4 Total Internal Reflection
      6. 1.5 Dispersion
      7. 1.6 Huygens’s Principle
      8. 1.7 Polarization
      9. Chapter Review
        1. Key Terms
        2. Key Equations
        3. Summary
        4. Conceptual Questions
        5. Problems
        6. Additional Problems
        7. Challenge Problems
    2. 2 Geometric Optics and Image Formation
      1. Introduction
      2. 2.1 Images Formed by Plane Mirrors
      3. 2.2 Spherical Mirrors
      4. 2.3 Images Formed by Refraction
      5. 2.4 Thin Lenses
      6. 2.5 The Eye
      7. 2.6 The Camera
      8. 2.7 The Simple Magnifier
      9. 2.8 Microscopes and Telescopes
      10. Chapter Review
        1. Key Terms
        2. Key Equations
        3. Summary
        4. Conceptual Questions
        5. Problems
        6. Additional Problems
    3. 3 Interference
      1. Introduction
      2. 3.1 Young's Double-Slit Interference
      3. 3.2 Mathematics of Interference
      4. 3.3 Multiple-Slit Interference
      5. 3.4 Interference in Thin Films
      6. 3.5 The Michelson Interferometer
      7. Chapter Review
        1. Key Terms
        2. Key Equations
        3. Summary
        4. Conceptual Questions
        5. Problems
        6. Additional Problems
        7. Challenge Problems
    4. 4 Diffraction
      1. Introduction
      2. 4.1 Single-Slit Diffraction
      3. 4.2 Intensity in Single-Slit Diffraction
      4. 4.3 Double-Slit Diffraction
      5. 4.4 Diffraction Gratings
      6. 4.5 Circular Apertures and Resolution
      7. 4.6 X-Ray Diffraction
      8. 4.7 Holography
      9. Chapter Review
        1. Key Terms
        2. Key Equations
        3. Summary
        4. Conceptual Questions
        5. Problems
        6. Additional Problems
        7. Challenge Problems
  3. Modern Physics
    1. 5 Relativity
      1. Introduction
      2. 5.1 Invariance of Physical Laws
      3. 5.2 Relativity of Simultaneity
      4. 5.3 Time Dilation
      5. 5.4 Length Contraction
      6. 5.5 The Lorentz Transformation
      7. 5.6 Relativistic Velocity Transformation
      8. 5.7 Doppler Effect for Light
      9. 5.8 Relativistic Momentum
      10. 5.9 Relativistic Energy
      11. Chapter Review
        1. Key Terms
        2. Key Equations
        3. Summary
        4. Conceptual Questions
        5. Problems
        6. Additional Problems
    2. 6 Photons and Matter Waves
      1. Introduction
      2. 6.1 Blackbody Radiation
      3. 6.2 Photoelectric Effect
      4. 6.3 The Compton Effect
      5. 6.4 Bohr’s Model of the Hydrogen Atom
      6. 6.5 De Broglie’s Matter Waves
      7. 6.6 Wave-Particle Duality
      8. Chapter Review
        1. Key Terms
        2. Key Equations
        3. Summary
        4. Conceptual Questions
        5. Problems
        6. Additional Problems
    3. 7 Quantum Mechanics
      1. Introduction
      2. 7.1 Wave Functions
      3. 7.2 The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
      4. 7.3 The Schrӧdinger Equation
      5. 7.4 The Quantum Particle in a Box
      6. 7.5 The Quantum Harmonic Oscillator
      7. 7.6 The Quantum Tunneling of Particles through Potential Barriers
      8. Chapter Review
        1. Key Terms
        2. Key Equations
        3. Summary
        4. Conceptual Questions
        5. Problems
        6. Additional Problems
        7. Challenge Problems
    4. 8 Atomic Structure
      1. Introduction
      2. 8.1 The Hydrogen Atom
      3. 8.2 Orbital Magnetic Dipole Moment of the Electron
      4. 8.3 Electron Spin
      5. 8.4 The Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Table
      6. 8.5 Atomic Spectra and X-rays
      7. 8.6 Lasers
      8. Chapter Review
        1. Key Terms
        2. Key Equations
        3. Summary
        4. Conceptual Questions
        5. Problems
        6. Additional Problems
    5. 9 Condensed Matter Physics
      1. Introduction
      2. 9.1 Types of Molecular Bonds
      3. 9.2 Molecular Spectra
      4. 9.3 Bonding in Crystalline Solids
      5. 9.4 Free Electron Model of Metals
      6. 9.5 Band Theory of Solids
      7. 9.6 Semiconductors and Doping
      8. 9.7 Semiconductor Devices
      9. 9.8 Superconductivity
      10. Chapter Review
        1. Key Terms
        2. Key Equations
        3. Summary
        4. Conceptual Questions
        5. Problems
        6. Additional Problems
        7. Challenge Problems
    6. 10 Nuclear Physics
      1. Introduction
      2. 10.1 Properties of Nuclei
      3. 10.2 Nuclear Binding Energy
      4. 10.3 Radioactive Decay
      5. 10.4 Nuclear Reactions
      6. 10.5 Fission
      7. 10.6 Nuclear Fusion
      8. 10.7 Medical Applications and Biological Effects of Nuclear Radiation
      9. Chapter Review
        1. Key Terms
        2. Key Equations
        3. Summary
        4. Conceptual Questions
        5. Problems
        6. Additional Problems
        7. Challenge Problems
    7. 11 Particle Physics and Cosmology
      1. Introduction
      2. 11.1 Introduction to Particle Physics
      3. 11.2 Particle Conservation Laws
      4. 11.3 Quarks
      5. 11.4 Particle Accelerators and Detectors
      6. 11.5 The Standard Model
      7. 11.6 The Big Bang
      8. 11.7 Evolution of the Early Universe
      9. Chapter Review
        1. Key Terms
        2. Key Equations
        3. Summary
        4. Conceptual Questions
        5. Problems
        6. Additional Problems
        7. Challenge Problems
  4. A | Units
  5. B | Conversion Factors
  6. C | Fundamental Constants
  7. D | Astronomical Data
  8. E | Mathematical Formulas
  9. F | Chemistry
  10. G | The Greek Alphabet
  11. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
  12. Index
A
acceptor impurity 9.6 Semiconductors and Doping
accommodation 2.5 The Eye
Albert Einstein Introduction
alpha ( α α ) rays 10.4 Nuclear Reactions
angular magnification 2.7 The Simple Magnifier
angular momentum orbital quantum number 8.1 The Hydrogen Atom
angular momentum projection quantum number 8.1 The Hydrogen Atom
anti-symmetric function 7.1 Wave Functions
antielectrons 10.4 Nuclear Reactions
antineutrino 10.4 Nuclear Reactions
atomic bomb 10.5 Fission
atomic mass unit 10.1 Properties of Nuclei
atomic nucleus 10.1 Properties of Nuclei
atomic orbital 8.1 The Hydrogen Atom
B
beta ( β β ) rays 10.4 Nuclear Reactions
binding energy (BE) 10.2 Nuclear Binding Energy
binding energy per nucleon (BEN) 10.2 Nuclear Binding Energy
birefringent 1.7 Polarization
blackbody radiation 6.1 Blackbody Radiation
Blu-Ray player 8.6 Lasers
body-centered cubic (BCC) 9.3 Bonding in Crystalline Solids
Bohr radius of hydrogen 6.4 Bohr’s Model of the Hydrogen Atom
Bohr’s model of the hydrogen atom 6.4 Bohr’s Model of the Hydrogen Atom
Born interpretation 7.1 Wave Functions
Bragg planes 4.6 X-Ray Diffraction
braking radiation 8.5 Atomic Spectra and X-rays
breakdown voltage 9.7 Semiconductor Devices
breeder reactor 10.5 Fission
Brewster’s angle 1.7 Polarization
Brewster’s law 1.7 Polarization
C
Cameras 2.6 The Camera
carbon-14 dating 10.3 Radioactive Decay
Cassegrain design 2.8 Microscopes and Telescopes
CD player 8.6 Lasers
chain reaction 10.5 Fission
charge-coupled device (CCD) 2.6 The Camera
chart of the nuclides 10.1 Properties of Nuclei
chromatic aberrations 2.4 Thin Lenses
classical (Galilean) velocity addition 5.6 Relativistic Velocity Transformation
collector current 9.7 Semiconductor Devices
color 11.3 Quarks
complex function 7.1 Wave Functions
compound microscope 2.8 Microscopes and Telescopes
Compton effect 6.3 The Compton Effect
Compton shift 6.3 The Compton Effect
Compton wavelength 6.3 The Compton Effect
concave 2.4 Thin Lenses
concave mirror 2.2 Spherical Mirrors
conduction band 9.5 Band Theory of Solids
constructive interference 3.1 Young's Double-Slit Interference
converging lens 2.4 Thin Lenses
convex mirror 2.2 Spherical Mirrors
Cooper pair 9.8 Superconductivity
Copenhagen interpretation 7.1 Wave Functions
cornea 2.5 The Eye
Cornell Electron Storage Ring 11.4 Particle Accelerators and Detectors
corner reflector 1.2 The Law of Reflection
cosmic microwave background radiation 11.7 Evolution of the Early Universe
cosmological principle 11.6 The Big Bang
cosmology 11.6 The Big Bang
critical magnetic field 9.8 Superconductivity
critical mass 10.5 Fission
critical temperature 9.8 Superconductivity
criticality 10.5 Fission
curved mirror 2.2 Spherical Mirrors
cut-off frequency 6.2 Photoelectric Effect
cut-off wavelength 6.2 Photoelectric Effect
J
junction transistor 9.7 Semiconductor Devices
P
p-type semiconductor 9.6 Semiconductors and Doping
parent nucleus 10.4 Nuclear Reactions
photoelectric effect 6.2 Photoelectric Effect
photoelectrode 6.2 Photoelectric Effect
photoelectrons 6.2 Photoelectric Effect
Planck’s constant 6.1 Blackbody Radiation
Planck’s hypothesis of energy quanta 6.1 Blackbody Radiation
Poisson’s spot Introduction
polarized 1.7 Polarization
polyatomic molecule 9.1 Types of Molecular Bonds
population inversion 8.6 Lasers
position operator 7.1 Wave Functions
postulates of Bohr’s model 6.4 Bohr’s Model of the Hydrogen Atom
power intensity 6.1 Blackbody Radiation
principal rays 2.2 Spherical Mirrors
probability density 7.1 Wave Functions
propagation vector 6.3 The Compton Effect
Proper length 5.4 Length Contraction
proper time 5.3 Time Dilation
proton-proton chain 10.6 Nuclear Fusion
R
radial probability density function 8.1 The Hydrogen Atom
radioactive dating 10.3 Radioactive Decay
radioactive decay law 10.3 Radioactive Decay
radioactivity 10.3 Radioactive Decay
radius of a nucleus 10.1 Properties of Nuclei
rainbow 1.5 Dispersion
ray model of light 1.1 The Propagation of Light
Rayleigh–Jeans law 6.1 Blackbody Radiation
reduced Planck’s constant 6.3 The Compton Effect
refraction 1.3 Refraction
Relativistic kinetic energy 5.9 Relativistic Energy
Relativistic momentum 5.8 Relativistic Momentum
relativistic velocity addition 5.6 Relativistic Velocity Transformation
retina 2.5 The Eye
reverse bias configuration 9.7 Semiconductor Devices
rotational energy level 9.2 Molecular Spectra
Rutherford gold foil experiment 6.4 Bohr’s Model of the Hydrogen Atom
Rydberg constant for hydrogen 6.4 Bohr’s Model of the Hydrogen Atom
S
scanning electron microscope (SEM) 6.6 Wave-Particle Duality
scattering angle 6.3 The Compton Effect
Schrödinger’s cat 7.1 Wave Functions
Schrödinger’s equation 8.1 The Hydrogen Atom
Schrӧdinger’s time-dependent equation 7.3 The Schrӧdinger Equation
Schrӧdinger’s time-independent equation 7.3 The Schrӧdinger Equation
second postulate of special relativity 5.1 Invariance of Physical Laws
secondary maximum 3.3 Multiple-Slit Interference
selection rule 9.2 Molecular Spectra
sign conventions 2.4 Thin Lenses
simple magnifier 2.7 The Simple Magnifier
single-slit diffraction pattern 4.1 Single-Slit Diffraction
small-angle approximation 2.2 Spherical Mirrors
Snell’s law 1.3 Refraction
special theory of relativity 5.1 Invariance of Physical Laws
spectroscopic dispersion 4.4 Diffraction Gratings
spectroscopic notation 8.1 The Hydrogen Atom
spherical aberration 2.2 Spherical Mirrors
spin projection quantum number 8.3 Electron Spin
spin quantum number 8.3 Electron Spin
spin-flip transitions 8.3 Electron Spin
spin-orbit coupling 8.3 Electron Spin
Standard Model 11.5 The Standard Model
standing wave state 7.4 The Quantum Particle in a Box
state reduction 7.1 Wave Functions
Stefan–Boltzmann constant 6.1 Blackbody Radiation
Stefan’s law 6.1 Blackbody Radiation
Stern-Gerlach experiment 8.3 Electron Spin
stimulated emission 8.6 Lasers
stopping potential 6.2 Photoelectric Effect
Strassman 10.5 Fission
U
ultraviolet catastrophe 6.1 Blackbody Radiation
unpolarized 1.7 Polarization
X
X-ray diffraction 4.6 X-Ray Diffraction
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