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  1. Preface
  2. 1 Introduction: The Nature of Science and Physics
    1. Introduction to Science and the Realm of Physics, Physical Quantities, and Units
    2. 1.1 Physics: An Introduction
    3. 1.2 Physical Quantities and Units
    4. 1.3 Accuracy, Precision, and Significant Figures
    5. 1.4 Approximation
    6. Glossary
    7. Section Summary
    8. Conceptual Questions
    9. Problems & Exercises
  3. 2 Kinematics
    1. Introduction to One-Dimensional Kinematics
    2. 2.1 Displacement
    3. 2.2 Vectors, Scalars, and Coordinate Systems
    4. 2.3 Time, Velocity, and Speed
    5. 2.4 Acceleration
    6. 2.5 Motion Equations for Constant Acceleration in One Dimension
    7. 2.6 Problem-Solving Basics for One-Dimensional Kinematics
    8. 2.7 Falling Objects
    9. 2.8 Graphical Analysis of One-Dimensional Motion
    10. Glossary
    11. Section Summary
    12. Conceptual Questions
    13. Problems & Exercises
  4. 3 Two-Dimensional Kinematics
    1. Introduction to Two-Dimensional Kinematics
    2. 3.1 Kinematics in Two Dimensions: An Introduction
    3. 3.2 Vector Addition and Subtraction: Graphical Methods
    4. 3.3 Vector Addition and Subtraction: Analytical Methods
    5. 3.4 Projectile Motion
    6. 3.5 Addition of Velocities
    7. Glossary
    8. Section Summary
    9. Conceptual Questions
    10. Problems & Exercises
  5. 4 Dynamics: Force and Newton's Laws of Motion
    1. Introduction to Dynamics: Newton’s Laws of Motion
    2. 4.1 Development of Force Concept
    3. 4.2 Newton’s First Law of Motion: Inertia
    4. 4.3 Newton’s Second Law of Motion: Concept of a System
    5. 4.4 Newton’s Third Law of Motion: Symmetry in Forces
    6. 4.5 Normal, Tension, and Other Examples of Forces
    7. 4.6 Problem-Solving Strategies
    8. 4.7 Further Applications of Newton’s Laws of Motion
    9. 4.8 Extended Topic: The Four Basic Forces—An Introduction
    10. Glossary
    11. Section Summary
    12. Conceptual Questions
    13. Problems & Exercises
  6. 5 Further Applications of Newton's Laws: Friction, Drag, and Elasticity
    1. Introduction: Further Applications of Newton’s Laws
    2. 5.1 Friction
    3. 5.2 Drag Forces
    4. 5.3 Elasticity: Stress and Strain
    5. Glossary
    6. Section Summary
    7. Conceptual Questions
    8. Problems & Exercises
  7. 6 Uniform Circular Motion and Gravitation
    1. Introduction to Uniform Circular Motion and Gravitation
    2. 6.1 Rotation Angle and Angular Velocity
    3. 6.2 Centripetal Acceleration
    4. 6.3 Centripetal Force
    5. 6.4 Fictitious Forces and Non-inertial Frames: The Coriolis Force
    6. 6.5 Newton’s Universal Law of Gravitation
    7. 6.6 Satellites and Kepler’s Laws: An Argument for Simplicity
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  8. 7 Work, Energy, and Energy Resources
    1. Introduction to Work, Energy, and Energy Resources
    2. 7.1 Work: The Scientific Definition
    3. 7.2 Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem
    4. 7.3 Gravitational Potential Energy
    5. 7.4 Conservative Forces and Potential Energy
    6. 7.5 Nonconservative Forces
    7. 7.6 Conservation of Energy
    8. 7.7 Power
    9. 7.8 Work, Energy, and Power in Humans
    10. 7.9 World Energy Use
    11. Glossary
    12. Section Summary
    13. Conceptual Questions
    14. Problems & Exercises
  9. 8 Linear Momentum and Collisions
    1. Introduction to Linear Momentum and Collisions
    2. 8.1 Linear Momentum and Force
    3. 8.2 Impulse
    4. 8.3 Conservation of Momentum
    5. 8.4 Elastic Collisions in One Dimension
    6. 8.5 Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension
    7. 8.6 Collisions of Point Masses in Two Dimensions
    8. 8.7 Introduction to Rocket Propulsion
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  10. 9 Statics and Torque
    1. Introduction to Statics and Torque
    2. 9.1 The First Condition for Equilibrium
    3. 9.2 The Second Condition for Equilibrium
    4. 9.3 Stability
    5. 9.4 Applications of Statics, Including Problem-Solving Strategies
    6. 9.5 Simple Machines
    7. 9.6 Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  11. 10 Rotational Motion and Angular Momentum
    1. Introduction to Rotational Motion and Angular Momentum
    2. 10.1 Angular Acceleration
    3. 10.2 Kinematics of Rotational Motion
    4. 10.3 Dynamics of Rotational Motion: Rotational Inertia
    5. 10.4 Rotational Kinetic Energy: Work and Energy Revisited
    6. 10.5 Angular Momentum and Its Conservation
    7. 10.6 Collisions of Extended Bodies in Two Dimensions
    8. 10.7 Gyroscopic Effects: Vector Aspects of Angular Momentum
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  12. 11 Fluid Statics
    1. Introduction to Fluid Statics
    2. 11.1 What Is a Fluid?
    3. 11.2 Density
    4. 11.3 Pressure
    5. 11.4 Variation of Pressure with Depth in a Fluid
    6. 11.5 Pascal’s Principle
    7. 11.6 Gauge Pressure, Absolute Pressure, and Pressure Measurement
    8. 11.7 Archimedes’ Principle
    9. 11.8 Cohesion and Adhesion in Liquids: Surface Tension and Capillary Action
    10. 11.9 Pressures in the Body
    11. Glossary
    12. Section Summary
    13. Conceptual Questions
    14. Problems & Exercises
  13. 12 Fluid Dynamics and Its Biological and Medical Applications
    1. Introduction to Fluid Dynamics and Its Biological and Medical Applications
    2. 12.1 Flow Rate and Its Relation to Velocity
    3. 12.2 Bernoulli’s Equation
    4. 12.3 The Most General Applications of Bernoulli’s Equation
    5. 12.4 Viscosity and Laminar Flow; Poiseuille’s Law
    6. 12.5 The Onset of Turbulence
    7. 12.6 Motion of an Object in a Viscous Fluid
    8. 12.7 Molecular Transport Phenomena: Diffusion, Osmosis, and Related Processes
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  14. 13 Temperature, Kinetic Theory, and the Gas Laws
    1. Introduction to Temperature, Kinetic Theory, and the Gas Laws
    2. 13.1 Temperature
    3. 13.2 Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids
    4. 13.3 The Ideal Gas Law
    5. 13.4 Kinetic Theory: Atomic and Molecular Explanation of Pressure and Temperature
    6. 13.5 Phase Changes
    7. 13.6 Humidity, Evaporation, and Boiling
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  15. 14 Heat and Heat Transfer Methods
    1. Introduction to Heat and Heat Transfer Methods
    2. 14.1 Heat
    3. 14.2 Temperature Change and Heat Capacity
    4. 14.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat
    5. 14.4 Heat Transfer Methods
    6. 14.5 Conduction
    7. 14.6 Convection
    8. 14.7 Radiation
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  16. 15 Thermodynamics
    1. Introduction to Thermodynamics
    2. 15.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics
    3. 15.2 The First Law of Thermodynamics and Some Simple Processes
    4. 15.3 Introduction to the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Heat Engines and Their Efficiency
    5. 15.4 Carnot’s Perfect Heat Engine: The Second Law of Thermodynamics Restated
    6. 15.5 Applications of Thermodynamics: Heat Pumps and Refrigerators
    7. 15.6 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Disorder and the Unavailability of Energy
    8. 15.7 Statistical Interpretation of Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: The Underlying Explanation
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  17. 16 Oscillatory Motion and Waves
    1. Introduction to Oscillatory Motion and Waves
    2. 16.1 Hooke’s Law: Stress and Strain Revisited
    3. 16.2 Period and Frequency in Oscillations
    4. 16.3 Simple Harmonic Motion: A Special Periodic Motion
    5. 16.4 The Simple Pendulum
    6. 16.5 Energy and the Simple Harmonic Oscillator
    7. 16.6 Uniform Circular Motion and Simple Harmonic Motion
    8. 16.7 Damped Harmonic Motion
    9. 16.8 Forced Oscillations and Resonance
    10. 16.9 Waves
    11. 16.10 Superposition and Interference
    12. 16.11 Energy in Waves: Intensity
    13. Glossary
    14. Section Summary
    15. Conceptual Questions
    16. Problems & Exercises
  18. 17 Physics of Hearing
    1. Introduction to the Physics of Hearing
    2. 17.1 Sound
    3. 17.2 Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength
    4. 17.3 Sound Intensity and Sound Level
    5. 17.4 Doppler Effect and Sonic Booms
    6. 17.5 Sound Interference and Resonance: Standing Waves in Air Columns
    7. 17.6 Hearing
    8. 17.7 Ultrasound
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  19. 18 Electric Charge and Electric Field
    1. Introduction to Electric Charge and Electric Field
    2. 18.1 Static Electricity and Charge: Conservation of Charge
    3. 18.2 Conductors and Insulators
    4. 18.3 Coulomb’s Law
    5. 18.4 Electric Field: Concept of a Field Revisited
    6. 18.5 Electric Field Lines: Multiple Charges
    7. 18.6 Electric Forces in Biology
    8. 18.7 Conductors and Electric Fields in Static Equilibrium
    9. 18.8 Applications of Electrostatics
    10. Glossary
    11. Section Summary
    12. Conceptual Questions
    13. Problems & Exercises
  20. 19 Electric Potential and Electric Field
    1. Introduction to Electric Potential and Electric Energy
    2. 19.1 Electric Potential Energy: Potential Difference
    3. 19.2 Electric Potential in a Uniform Electric Field
    4. 19.3 Electrical Potential Due to a Point Charge
    5. 19.4 Equipotential Lines
    6. 19.5 Capacitors and Dielectrics
    7. 19.6 Capacitors in Series and Parallel
    8. 19.7 Energy Stored in Capacitors
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  21. 20 Electric Current, Resistance, and Ohm's Law
    1. Introduction to Electric Current, Resistance, and Ohm's Law
    2. 20.1 Current
    3. 20.2 Ohm’s Law: Resistance and Simple Circuits
    4. 20.3 Resistance and Resistivity
    5. 20.4 Electric Power and Energy
    6. 20.5 Alternating Current versus Direct Current
    7. 20.6 Electric Hazards and the Human Body
    8. 20.7 Nerve Conduction–Electrocardiograms
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  22. 21 Circuits and DC Instruments
    1. Introduction to Circuits and DC Instruments
    2. 21.1 Resistors in Series and Parallel
    3. 21.2 Electromotive Force: Terminal Voltage
    4. 21.3 Kirchhoff’s Rules
    5. 21.4 DC Voltmeters and Ammeters
    6. 21.5 Null Measurements
    7. 21.6 DC Circuits Containing Resistors and Capacitors
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  23. 22 Magnetism
    1. Introduction to Magnetism
    2. 22.1 Magnets
    3. 22.2 Ferromagnets and Electromagnets
    4. 22.3 Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Field Lines
    5. 22.4 Magnetic Field Strength: Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field
    6. 22.5 Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field: Examples and Applications
    7. 22.6 The Hall Effect
    8. 22.7 Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor
    9. 22.8 Torque on a Current Loop: Motors and Meters
    10. 22.9 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere’s Law
    11. 22.10 Magnetic Force between Two Parallel Conductors
    12. 22.11 More Applications of Magnetism
    13. Glossary
    14. Section Summary
    15. Conceptual Questions
    16. Problems & Exercises
  24. 23 Electromagnetic Induction, AC Circuits, and Electrical Technologies
    1. Introduction to Electromagnetic Induction, AC Circuits and Electrical Technologies
    2. 23.1 Induced Emf and Magnetic Flux
    3. 23.2 Faraday’s Law of Induction: Lenz’s Law
    4. 23.3 Motional Emf
    5. 23.4 Eddy Currents and Magnetic Damping
    6. 23.5 Electric Generators
    7. 23.6 Back Emf
    8. 23.7 Transformers
    9. 23.8 Electrical Safety: Systems and Devices
    10. 23.9 Inductance
    11. 23.10 RL Circuits
    12. 23.11 Reactance, Inductive and Capacitive
    13. 23.12 RLC Series AC Circuits
    14. Glossary
    15. Section Summary
    16. Conceptual Questions
    17. Problems & Exercises
  25. 24 Electromagnetic Waves
    1. Introduction to Electromagnetic Waves
    2. 24.1 Maxwell’s Equations: Electromagnetic Waves Predicted and Observed
    3. 24.2 Production of Electromagnetic Waves
    4. 24.3 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
    5. 24.4 Energy in Electromagnetic Waves
    6. Glossary
    7. Section Summary
    8. Conceptual Questions
    9. Problems & Exercises
  26. 25 Geometric Optics
    1. Introduction to Geometric Optics
    2. 25.1 The Ray Aspect of Light
    3. 25.2 The Law of Reflection
    4. 25.3 The Law of Refraction
    5. 25.4 Total Internal Reflection
    6. 25.5 Dispersion: The Rainbow and Prisms
    7. 25.6 Image Formation by Lenses
    8. 25.7 Image Formation by Mirrors
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  27. 26 Vision and Optical Instruments
    1. Introduction to Vision and Optical Instruments
    2. 26.1 Physics of the Eye
    3. 26.2 Vision Correction
    4. 26.3 Color and Color Vision
    5. 26.4 Microscopes
    6. 26.5 Telescopes
    7. 26.6 Aberrations
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  28. 27 Wave Optics
    1. Introduction to Wave Optics
    2. 27.1 The Wave Aspect of Light: Interference
    3. 27.2 Huygens's Principle: Diffraction
    4. 27.3 Young’s Double Slit Experiment
    5. 27.4 Multiple Slit Diffraction
    6. 27.5 Single Slit Diffraction
    7. 27.6 Limits of Resolution: The Rayleigh Criterion
    8. 27.7 Thin Film Interference
    9. 27.8 Polarization
    10. 27.9 *Extended Topic* Microscopy Enhanced by the Wave Characteristics of Light
    11. Glossary
    12. Section Summary
    13. Conceptual Questions
    14. Problems & Exercises
  29. 28 Special Relativity
    1. Introduction to Special Relativity
    2. 28.1 Einstein’s Postulates
    3. 28.2 Simultaneity And Time Dilation
    4. 28.3 Length Contraction
    5. 28.4 Relativistic Addition of Velocities
    6. 28.5 Relativistic Momentum
    7. 28.6 Relativistic Energy
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  30. 29 Introduction to Quantum Physics
    1. Introduction to Quantum Physics
    2. 29.1 Quantization of Energy
    3. 29.2 The Photoelectric Effect
    4. 29.3 Photon Energies and the Electromagnetic Spectrum
    5. 29.4 Photon Momentum
    6. 29.5 The Particle-Wave Duality
    7. 29.6 The Wave Nature of Matter
    8. 29.7 Probability: The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
    9. 29.8 The Particle-Wave Duality Reviewed
    10. Glossary
    11. Section Summary
    12. Conceptual Questions
    13. Problems & Exercises
  31. 30 Atomic Physics
    1. Introduction to Atomic Physics
    2. 30.1 Discovery of the Atom
    3. 30.2 Discovery of the Parts of the Atom: Electrons and Nuclei
    4. 30.3 Bohr’s Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
    5. 30.4 X Rays: Atomic Origins and Applications
    6. 30.5 Applications of Atomic Excitations and De-Excitations
    7. 30.6 The Wave Nature of Matter Causes Quantization
    8. 30.7 Patterns in Spectra Reveal More Quantization
    9. 30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
    10. 30.9 The Pauli Exclusion Principle
    11. Glossary
    12. Section Summary
    13. Conceptual Questions
    14. Problems & Exercises
  32. 31 Radioactivity and Nuclear Physics
    1. Introduction to Radioactivity and Nuclear Physics
    2. 31.1 Nuclear Radioactivity
    3. 31.2 Radiation Detection and Detectors
    4. 31.3 Substructure of the Nucleus
    5. 31.4 Nuclear Decay and Conservation Laws
    6. 31.5 Half-Life and Activity
    7. 31.6 Binding Energy
    8. 31.7 Tunneling
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  33. 32 Medical Applications of Nuclear Physics
    1. Introduction to Applications of Nuclear Physics
    2. 32.1 Medical Imaging and Diagnostics
    3. 32.2 Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation
    4. 32.3 Therapeutic Uses of Ionizing Radiation
    5. 32.4 Food Irradiation
    6. 32.5 Fusion
    7. 32.6 Fission
    8. 32.7 Nuclear Weapons
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  34. 33 Particle Physics
    1. Introduction to Particle Physics
    2. 33.1 The Yukawa Particle and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Revisited
    3. 33.2 The Four Basic Forces
    4. 33.3 Accelerators Create Matter from Energy
    5. 33.4 Particles, Patterns, and Conservation Laws
    6. 33.5 Quarks: Is That All There Is?
    7. 33.6 GUTs: The Unification of Forces
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  35. 34 Frontiers of Physics
    1. Introduction to Frontiers of Physics
    2. 34.1 Cosmology and Particle Physics
    3. 34.2 General Relativity and Quantum Gravity
    4. 34.3 Superstrings
    5. 34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
    6. 34.5 Complexity and Chaos
    7. 34.6 High-temperature Superconductors
    8. 34.7 Some Questions We Know to Ask
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  36. A | Atomic Masses
  37. B | Selected Radioactive Isotopes
  38. C | Useful Information
  39. D | Glossary of Key Symbols and Notation
  40. Index
Symbols
A
aberrations26.6 Aberrations
absolute zero13.1 Temperature
acceleration due to gravity2.7 Falling Objects
acoustic impedance 17.7 Ultrasound
adaptive optics26.5 Telescopes
air resistance3.4 Projectile Motion
angular acceleration10.1 Angular Acceleration
angular magnification26.5 Telescopes
angular momentum quantum number30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
approximations1.4 Approximation
Archimedes’ principle11.7 Archimedes’ Principle
Avogadro’s number13.3 The Ideal Gas Law
axis of a polarizing filter27.8 Polarization
B
barrier penetration31.7 Tunneling
Bernoulli’s equation12.2 Bernoulli’s Equation
Bernoulli’s principle12.2 Bernoulli’s Equation
binding energy per nucleon31.6 Binding Energy
birefringent27.8 Polarization
blackbody radiation29.1 Quantization of Energy
Boltzmann constant13.3 The Ideal Gas Law
break-even32.5 Fusion
breeder reactors32.6 Fission
breeding32.6 Fission
Brewster’s angle27.8 Polarization
Brewster’s law27.8 Polarization
C
centripetal acceleration6.2 Centripetal Acceleration
centripetal force6.3 Centripetal Force
change in angular velocity10.1 Angular Acceleration
change in momentum8.2 Impulse
characteristic time constant23.10 RL Circuits
Classical relativity3.5 Addition of Velocities
coefficient of linear expansion13.2 Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids
coefficient of volume expansion13.2 Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids
compound microscope26.4 Microscopes
Compton effect29.4 Photon Momentum
conservation laws21.3 Kirchhoff’s Rules
conservation of mechanical energy7.4 Conservative Forces and Potential Energy
conservation of momentum principle8.3 Conservation of Momentum
conservation of total baryon number33.4 Particles, Patterns, and Conservation Laws
conservation of total LμLμ size 12{L rSub { size 8{μ} } } {}33.4 Particles, Patterns, and Conservation Laws
constructive interference16.10 Superposition and Interference
constructive interference for a diffraction grating27.4 Multiple Slit Diffraction
constructive interference for a double slit27.3 Young’s Double Slit Experiment
converging (or convex) lens25.6 Image Formation by Lenses
correspondence principleIntroduction to Quantum Physics
cosmic microwave background34.1 Cosmology and Particle Physics
cosmological constant34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
Coulomb forces18.3 Coulomb’s Law
Coulomb’s law18.3 Coulomb’s Law
critical mass32.6 Fission
critical point13.5 Phase Changes
Critical pressure13.5 Phase Changes
criticality32.6 Fission
D
Dalton’s law of partial pressures13.5 Phase Changes
de Broglie wavelength29.6 The Wave Nature of Matter
deceleration2.4 Acceleration
degree Celsius13.1 Temperature
degree Fahrenheit13.1 Temperature
destructive interference16.10 Superposition and Interference
destructive interference for a double slit27.3 Young’s Double Slit Experiment
destructive interference for a single slit27.5 Single Slit Diffraction
direction of magnetic field lines22.3 Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Field Lines
direction of polarization27.8 Polarization
displacement2.1 Displacement
Distance traveled2.1 Displacement
Doppler-shifted ultrasound17.7 Ultrasound
drag force5.2 Drag Forces
drift velocity20.1 Current
E
electric and magnetic fields24.4 Energy in Electromagnetic Waves
electric current20.1 Current
Electric generators23.5 Electric Generators
electromagnetic induction23.1 Induced Emf and Magnetic Flux
electrostatic force18.3 Coulomb’s Law
electrostatic precipitators18.8 Applications of Electrostatics
Electrostatic repulsion18.2 Conductors and Insulators
emf induced in a generator coil23.5 Electric Generators
emissivity14.7 Radiation
energies of hydrogen-like atoms30.3 Bohr’s Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
energy stored in an inductor 23.9 Inductance
equipotential lines19.4 Equipotential Lines
Extremely low frequency (ELF)24.3 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
F
first law of thermodynamics15.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics
first postulate of special relativity28.1 Einstein’s Postulates
fission fragments32.6 Fission
flat (zero curvature) universe34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
Food irradiation32.4 Food Irradiation
full-scale deflection21.4 DC Voltmeters and Ammeters
H
Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle 29.7 Probability: The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
horizontally polarized27.8 Polarization
horsepower7.7 Power
Hydrogen spectrum wavelength30.3 Bohr’s Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
hydrogen-spectrum wavelengths30.3 Bohr’s Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
I
Ignition32.5 Fusion
index of refraction25.3 The Law of Refraction
inductance23.9 Inductance
inertial confinement32.5 Fusion
infrasound17.6 Hearing
Instantaneous acceleration2.4 Acceleration
Instantaneous velocity2.3 Time, Velocity, and Speed
intensity reflection coefficient17.7 Ultrasound
intraocular pressure11.9 Pressures in the Body
M
magnetic confinement32.5 Fusion
magnetic field strength (magnitude) produced by a long straight current-carrying wire22.9 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere’s Law
magnetic field strength at the center of a circular loop22.9 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere’s Law
magnetic field strength inside a solenoid22.9 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere’s Law
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)22.11 More Applications of Magnetism
magnetoencephalogram (MEG)22.11 More Applications of Magnetism
magnitude of kinetic friction f k f k size 12{f rSub { size 8{k} } } {} 5.1 Friction
magnitude of static friction f s f s size 12{f rSub { size 8{s} } } {} 5.1 Friction
magnitude of the intrinsic (internal) spin angular momentum30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
massive compact halo objects34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
mechanical advantage9.5 Simple Machines
mechanical equivalent of heat14.1 Heat
Michelson-Morley experiment28.1 Einstein’s Postulates
micturition reflex11.9 Pressures in the Body
Mutual inductance23.9 Inductance
N
Nearsightedness26.2 Vision Correction
net rate of heat transfer by radiation14.7 Radiation
neutral equilibrium9.3 Stability
neutrino oscillations34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
Neutron-induced fission32.6 Fission
Newton’s universal law of gravitation6.5 Newton’s Universal Law of Gravitation
nonconservative force7.5 Nonconservative Forces
north magnetic pole22.1 Magnets
Nuclear fission32.6 Fission
Nuclear fusion32.5 Fusion
nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)22.11 More Applications of Magnetism
Null measurements21.5 Null Measurements
numerical aperture (NA)(NA)26.4 Microscopes
P
parallel plate capacitor19.5 Capacitors and Dielectrics
Partial pressure13.5 Phase Changes
Pascal’s principle11.5 Pascal’s Principle
Pauli exclusion principle30.9 The Pauli Exclusion Principle
perfectly inelastic collision8.5 Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension
phase diagrams13.5 Phase Changes
photoelectric effect29.2 The Photoelectric Effect
photon momentum29.4 Photon Momentum
Planck’s constant29.1 Quantization of Energy
positron emission tomography (PET)32.1 Medical Imaging and Diagnostics
Projectile motion3.4 Projectile Motion
proton-proton cycle32.5 Fusion
R
Radioactive dating31.5 Half-Life and Activity
radiolytic products32.4 Food Irradiation
range of radiation31.1 Nuclear Radioactivity
rate of conductive heat transfer14.5 Conduction
RCRC size 12{ ital "RC"} {} circuit21.6 DC Circuits Containing Resistors and Capacitors
reflected light is completely polarized27.8 Polarization
relative biological effectiveness32.2 Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation
relative velocities3.5 Addition of Velocities
relativistic Doppler effects28.6 Relativistic Energy
Relativistic kinetic energy28.6 Relativistic Energy
Relativistic momentum28.5 Relativistic Momentum
relativistic velocity addition28.4 Relativistic Addition of Velocities
Renewable forms of energy7.9 World Energy Use
retinex theory of color vision26.3 Color and Color Vision
RR size 12{R} {} factor14.5 Conduction
S
second law of motion8.1 Linear Momentum and Force
second postulate of special relativity28.1 Einstein’s Postulates
Self-inductance23.9 Inductance
simplified theory of color vision26.3 Color and Color Vision
single-photon-emission computed tomography(SPECT)32.1 Medical Imaging and Diagnostics
Solid-state radiation detectors31.2 Radiation Detection and Detectors
south magnetic pole22.1 Magnets
special relativity.28.1 Einstein’s Postulates
spin projection quantum number30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
spontaneous symmetry breaking34.1 Cosmology and Particle Physics
stable equilibrium9.3 Stability
static friction5.1 Friction
Stefan-Boltzmann law of radiation14.7 Radiation
step-down transformer23.7 Transformers
step-up transformer23.7 Transformers
Stokes’ law5.2 Drag Forces
supercriticality32.6 Fission
T
tangential acceleration10.1 Angular Acceleration
Temperature13.1 Temperature
temperature coefficient of resistivity20.3 Resistance and Resistivity
theory of quark confinement33.5 Quarks: Is That All There Is?
thermal conductivity14.5 Conduction
thermal equilibrium13.1 Temperature
thin film interference27.7 Thin Film Interference
total internal reflection25.4 Total Internal Reflection
transformer equation23.7 Transformers
Transformers23.7 Transformers
triple point13.5 Phase Changes
Z
zeroth law of thermodynamics13.1 Temperature
zz size 12{z} {}-component of spin angular momentum30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
zz size 12{z} {}-component of the angular momentum30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
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