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Table of contents
  1. Preface
  2. 1 Introduction: The Nature of Science and Physics
    1. Introduction to Science and the Realm of Physics, Physical Quantities, and Units
    2. 1.1 Physics: An Introduction
    3. 1.2 Physical Quantities and Units
    4. 1.3 Accuracy, Precision, and Significant Figures
    5. 1.4 Approximation
    6. Glossary
    7. Section Summary
    8. Conceptual Questions
    9. Problems & Exercises
  3. 2 Kinematics
    1. Introduction to One-Dimensional Kinematics
    2. 2.1 Displacement
    3. 2.2 Vectors, Scalars, and Coordinate Systems
    4. 2.3 Time, Velocity, and Speed
    5. 2.4 Acceleration
    6. 2.5 Motion Equations for Constant Acceleration in One Dimension
    7. 2.6 Problem-Solving Basics for One-Dimensional Kinematics
    8. 2.7 Falling Objects
    9. 2.8 Graphical Analysis of One-Dimensional Motion
    10. Glossary
    11. Section Summary
    12. Conceptual Questions
    13. Problems & Exercises
  4. 3 Two-Dimensional Kinematics
    1. Introduction to Two-Dimensional Kinematics
    2. 3.1 Kinematics in Two Dimensions: An Introduction
    3. 3.2 Vector Addition and Subtraction: Graphical Methods
    4. 3.3 Vector Addition and Subtraction: Analytical Methods
    5. 3.4 Projectile Motion
    6. 3.5 Addition of Velocities
    7. Glossary
    8. Section Summary
    9. Conceptual Questions
    10. Problems & Exercises
  5. 4 Dynamics: Force and Newton's Laws of Motion
    1. Introduction to Dynamics: Newton’s Laws of Motion
    2. 4.1 Development of Force Concept
    3. 4.2 Newton’s First Law of Motion: Inertia
    4. 4.3 Newton’s Second Law of Motion: Concept of a System
    5. 4.4 Newton’s Third Law of Motion: Symmetry in Forces
    6. 4.5 Normal, Tension, and Other Examples of Forces
    7. 4.6 Problem-Solving Strategies
    8. 4.7 Further Applications of Newton’s Laws of Motion
    9. 4.8 Extended Topic: The Four Basic Forces—An Introduction
    10. Glossary
    11. Section Summary
    12. Conceptual Questions
    13. Problems & Exercises
  6. 5 Further Applications of Newton's Laws: Friction, Drag, and Elasticity
    1. Introduction: Further Applications of Newton’s Laws
    2. 5.1 Friction
    3. 5.2 Drag Forces
    4. 5.3 Elasticity: Stress and Strain
    5. Glossary
    6. Section Summary
    7. Conceptual Questions
    8. Problems & Exercises
  7. 6 Uniform Circular Motion and Gravitation
    1. Introduction to Uniform Circular Motion and Gravitation
    2. 6.1 Rotation Angle and Angular Velocity
    3. 6.2 Centripetal Acceleration
    4. 6.3 Centripetal Force
    5. 6.4 Fictitious Forces and Non-inertial Frames: The Coriolis Force
    6. 6.5 Newton’s Universal Law of Gravitation
    7. 6.6 Satellites and Kepler’s Laws: An Argument for Simplicity
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  8. 7 Work, Energy, and Energy Resources
    1. Introduction to Work, Energy, and Energy Resources
    2. 7.1 Work: The Scientific Definition
    3. 7.2 Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Theorem
    4. 7.3 Gravitational Potential Energy
    5. 7.4 Conservative Forces and Potential Energy
    6. 7.5 Nonconservative Forces
    7. 7.6 Conservation of Energy
    8. 7.7 Power
    9. 7.8 Work, Energy, and Power in Humans
    10. 7.9 World Energy Use
    11. Glossary
    12. Section Summary
    13. Conceptual Questions
    14. Problems & Exercises
  9. 8 Linear Momentum and Collisions
    1. Introduction to Linear Momentum and Collisions
    2. 8.1 Linear Momentum and Force
    3. 8.2 Impulse
    4. 8.3 Conservation of Momentum
    5. 8.4 Elastic Collisions in One Dimension
    6. 8.5 Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension
    7. 8.6 Collisions of Point Masses in Two Dimensions
    8. 8.7 Introduction to Rocket Propulsion
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  10. 9 Statics and Torque
    1. Introduction to Statics and Torque
    2. 9.1 The First Condition for Equilibrium
    3. 9.2 The Second Condition for Equilibrium
    4. 9.3 Stability
    5. 9.4 Applications of Statics, Including Problem-Solving Strategies
    6. 9.5 Simple Machines
    7. 9.6 Forces and Torques in Muscles and Joints
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  11. 10 Rotational Motion and Angular Momentum
    1. Introduction to Rotational Motion and Angular Momentum
    2. 10.1 Angular Acceleration
    3. 10.2 Kinematics of Rotational Motion
    4. 10.3 Dynamics of Rotational Motion: Rotational Inertia
    5. 10.4 Rotational Kinetic Energy: Work and Energy Revisited
    6. 10.5 Angular Momentum and Its Conservation
    7. 10.6 Collisions of Extended Bodies in Two Dimensions
    8. 10.7 Gyroscopic Effects: Vector Aspects of Angular Momentum
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  12. 11 Fluid Statics
    1. Introduction to Fluid Statics
    2. 11.1 What Is a Fluid?
    3. 11.2 Density
    4. 11.3 Pressure
    5. 11.4 Variation of Pressure with Depth in a Fluid
    6. 11.5 Pascal’s Principle
    7. 11.6 Gauge Pressure, Absolute Pressure, and Pressure Measurement
    8. 11.7 Archimedes’ Principle
    9. 11.8 Cohesion and Adhesion in Liquids: Surface Tension and Capillary Action
    10. 11.9 Pressures in the Body
    11. Glossary
    12. Section Summary
    13. Conceptual Questions
    14. Problems & Exercises
  13. 12 Fluid Dynamics and Its Biological and Medical Applications
    1. Introduction to Fluid Dynamics and Its Biological and Medical Applications
    2. 12.1 Flow Rate and Its Relation to Velocity
    3. 12.2 Bernoulli’s Equation
    4. 12.3 The Most General Applications of Bernoulli’s Equation
    5. 12.4 Viscosity and Laminar Flow; Poiseuille’s Law
    6. 12.5 The Onset of Turbulence
    7. 12.6 Motion of an Object in a Viscous Fluid
    8. 12.7 Molecular Transport Phenomena: Diffusion, Osmosis, and Related Processes
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  14. 13 Temperature, Kinetic Theory, and the Gas Laws
    1. Introduction to Temperature, Kinetic Theory, and the Gas Laws
    2. 13.1 Temperature
    3. 13.2 Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids
    4. 13.3 The Ideal Gas Law
    5. 13.4 Kinetic Theory: Atomic and Molecular Explanation of Pressure and Temperature
    6. 13.5 Phase Changes
    7. 13.6 Humidity, Evaporation, and Boiling
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  15. 14 Heat and Heat Transfer Methods
    1. Introduction to Heat and Heat Transfer Methods
    2. 14.1 Heat
    3. 14.2 Temperature Change and Heat Capacity
    4. 14.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat
    5. 14.4 Heat Transfer Methods
    6. 14.5 Conduction
    7. 14.6 Convection
    8. 14.7 Radiation
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  16. 15 Thermodynamics
    1. Introduction to Thermodynamics
    2. 15.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics
    3. 15.2 The First Law of Thermodynamics and Some Simple Processes
    4. 15.3 Introduction to the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Heat Engines and Their Efficiency
    5. 15.4 Carnot’s Perfect Heat Engine: The Second Law of Thermodynamics Restated
    6. 15.5 Applications of Thermodynamics: Heat Pumps and Refrigerators
    7. 15.6 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Disorder and the Unavailability of Energy
    8. 15.7 Statistical Interpretation of Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: The Underlying Explanation
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  17. 16 Oscillatory Motion and Waves
    1. Introduction to Oscillatory Motion and Waves
    2. 16.1 Hooke’s Law: Stress and Strain Revisited
    3. 16.2 Period and Frequency in Oscillations
    4. 16.3 Simple Harmonic Motion: A Special Periodic Motion
    5. 16.4 The Simple Pendulum
    6. 16.5 Energy and the Simple Harmonic Oscillator
    7. 16.6 Uniform Circular Motion and Simple Harmonic Motion
    8. 16.7 Damped Harmonic Motion
    9. 16.8 Forced Oscillations and Resonance
    10. 16.9 Waves
    11. 16.10 Superposition and Interference
    12. 16.11 Energy in Waves: Intensity
    13. Glossary
    14. Section Summary
    15. Conceptual Questions
    16. Problems & Exercises
  18. 17 Physics of Hearing
    1. Introduction to the Physics of Hearing
    2. 17.1 Sound
    3. 17.2 Speed of Sound, Frequency, and Wavelength
    4. 17.3 Sound Intensity and Sound Level
    5. 17.4 Doppler Effect and Sonic Booms
    6. 17.5 Sound Interference and Resonance: Standing Waves in Air Columns
    7. 17.6 Hearing
    8. 17.7 Ultrasound
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  19. 18 Electric Charge and Electric Field
    1. Introduction to Electric Charge and Electric Field
    2. 18.1 Static Electricity and Charge: Conservation of Charge
    3. 18.2 Conductors and Insulators
    4. 18.3 Coulomb’s Law
    5. 18.4 Electric Field: Concept of a Field Revisited
    6. 18.5 Electric Field Lines: Multiple Charges
    7. 18.6 Electric Forces in Biology
    8. 18.7 Conductors and Electric Fields in Static Equilibrium
    9. 18.8 Applications of Electrostatics
    10. Glossary
    11. Section Summary
    12. Conceptual Questions
    13. Problems & Exercises
  20. 19 Electric Potential and Electric Field
    1. Introduction to Electric Potential and Electric Energy
    2. 19.1 Electric Potential Energy: Potential Difference
    3. 19.2 Electric Potential in a Uniform Electric Field
    4. 19.3 Electrical Potential Due to a Point Charge
    5. 19.4 Equipotential Lines
    6. 19.5 Capacitors and Dielectrics
    7. 19.6 Capacitors in Series and Parallel
    8. 19.7 Energy Stored in Capacitors
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  21. 20 Electric Current, Resistance, and Ohm's Law
    1. Introduction to Electric Current, Resistance, and Ohm's Law
    2. 20.1 Current
    3. 20.2 Ohm’s Law: Resistance and Simple Circuits
    4. 20.3 Resistance and Resistivity
    5. 20.4 Electric Power and Energy
    6. 20.5 Alternating Current versus Direct Current
    7. 20.6 Electric Hazards and the Human Body
    8. 20.7 Nerve Conduction–Electrocardiograms
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  22. 21 Circuits and DC Instruments
    1. Introduction to Circuits and DC Instruments
    2. 21.1 Resistors in Series and Parallel
    3. 21.2 Electromotive Force: Terminal Voltage
    4. 21.3 Kirchhoff’s Rules
    5. 21.4 DC Voltmeters and Ammeters
    6. 21.5 Null Measurements
    7. 21.6 DC Circuits Containing Resistors and Capacitors
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  23. 22 Magnetism
    1. Introduction to Magnetism
    2. 22.1 Magnets
    3. 22.2 Ferromagnets and Electromagnets
    4. 22.3 Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Field Lines
    5. 22.4 Magnetic Field Strength: Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field
    6. 22.5 Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field: Examples and Applications
    7. 22.6 The Hall Effect
    8. 22.7 Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor
    9. 22.8 Torque on a Current Loop: Motors and Meters
    10. 22.9 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere’s Law
    11. 22.10 Magnetic Force between Two Parallel Conductors
    12. 22.11 More Applications of Magnetism
    13. Glossary
    14. Section Summary
    15. Conceptual Questions
    16. Problems & Exercises
  24. 23 Electromagnetic Induction, AC Circuits, and Electrical Technologies
    1. Introduction to Electromagnetic Induction, AC Circuits and Electrical Technologies
    2. 23.1 Induced Emf and Magnetic Flux
    3. 23.2 Faraday’s Law of Induction: Lenz’s Law
    4. 23.3 Motional Emf
    5. 23.4 Eddy Currents and Magnetic Damping
    6. 23.5 Electric Generators
    7. 23.6 Back Emf
    8. 23.7 Transformers
    9. 23.8 Electrical Safety: Systems and Devices
    10. 23.9 Inductance
    11. 23.10 RL Circuits
    12. 23.11 Reactance, Inductive and Capacitive
    13. 23.12 RLC Series AC Circuits
    14. Glossary
    15. Section Summary
    16. Conceptual Questions
    17. Problems & Exercises
  25. 24 Electromagnetic Waves
    1. Introduction to Electromagnetic Waves
    2. 24.1 Maxwell’s Equations: Electromagnetic Waves Predicted and Observed
    3. 24.2 Production of Electromagnetic Waves
    4. 24.3 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
    5. 24.4 Energy in Electromagnetic Waves
    6. Glossary
    7. Section Summary
    8. Conceptual Questions
    9. Problems & Exercises
  26. 25 Geometric Optics
    1. Introduction to Geometric Optics
    2. 25.1 The Ray Aspect of Light
    3. 25.2 The Law of Reflection
    4. 25.3 The Law of Refraction
    5. 25.4 Total Internal Reflection
    6. 25.5 Dispersion: The Rainbow and Prisms
    7. 25.6 Image Formation by Lenses
    8. 25.7 Image Formation by Mirrors
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  27. 26 Vision and Optical Instruments
    1. Introduction to Vision and Optical Instruments
    2. 26.1 Physics of the Eye
    3. 26.2 Vision Correction
    4. 26.3 Color and Color Vision
    5. 26.4 Microscopes
    6. 26.5 Telescopes
    7. 26.6 Aberrations
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  28. 27 Wave Optics
    1. Introduction to Wave Optics
    2. 27.1 The Wave Aspect of Light: Interference
    3. 27.2 Huygens's Principle: Diffraction
    4. 27.3 Young’s Double Slit Experiment
    5. 27.4 Multiple Slit Diffraction
    6. 27.5 Single Slit Diffraction
    7. 27.6 Limits of Resolution: The Rayleigh Criterion
    8. 27.7 Thin Film Interference
    9. 27.8 Polarization
    10. 27.9 *Extended Topic* Microscopy Enhanced by the Wave Characteristics of Light
    11. Glossary
    12. Section Summary
    13. Conceptual Questions
    14. Problems & Exercises
  29. 28 Special Relativity
    1. Introduction to Special Relativity
    2. 28.1 Einstein’s Postulates
    3. 28.2 Simultaneity And Time Dilation
    4. 28.3 Length Contraction
    5. 28.4 Relativistic Addition of Velocities
    6. 28.5 Relativistic Momentum
    7. 28.6 Relativistic Energy
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  30. 29 Quantum Physics
    1. Introduction to Quantum Physics
    2. 29.1 Quantization of Energy
    3. 29.2 The Photoelectric Effect
    4. 29.3 Photon Energies and the Electromagnetic Spectrum
    5. 29.4 Photon Momentum
    6. 29.5 The Particle-Wave Duality
    7. 29.6 The Wave Nature of Matter
    8. 29.7 Probability: The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
    9. 29.8 The Particle-Wave Duality Reviewed
    10. Glossary
    11. Section Summary
    12. Conceptual Questions
    13. Problems & Exercises
  31. 30 Atomic Physics
    1. Introduction to Atomic Physics
    2. 30.1 Discovery of the Atom
    3. 30.2 Discovery of the Parts of the Atom: Electrons and Nuclei
    4. 30.3 Bohr’s Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
    5. 30.4 X Rays: Atomic Origins and Applications
    6. 30.5 Applications of Atomic Excitations and De-Excitations
    7. 30.6 The Wave Nature of Matter Causes Quantization
    8. 30.7 Patterns in Spectra Reveal More Quantization
    9. 30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
    10. 30.9 The Pauli Exclusion Principle
    11. Glossary
    12. Section Summary
    13. Conceptual Questions
    14. Problems & Exercises
  32. 31 Radioactivity and Nuclear Physics
    1. Introduction to Radioactivity and Nuclear Physics
    2. 31.1 Nuclear Radioactivity
    3. 31.2 Radiation Detection and Detectors
    4. 31.3 Substructure of the Nucleus
    5. 31.4 Nuclear Decay and Conservation Laws
    6. 31.5 Half-Life and Activity
    7. 31.6 Binding Energy
    8. 31.7 Tunneling
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  33. 32 Medical Applications of Nuclear Physics
    1. Introduction to Applications of Nuclear Physics
    2. 32.1 Diagnostics and Medical Imaging
    3. 32.2 Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation
    4. 32.3 Therapeutic Uses of Ionizing Radiation
    5. 32.4 Food Irradiation
    6. 32.5 Fusion
    7. 32.6 Fission
    8. 32.7 Nuclear Weapons
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  34. 33 Particle Physics
    1. Introduction to Particle Physics
    2. 33.1 The Yukawa Particle and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Revisited
    3. 33.2 The Four Basic Forces
    4. 33.3 Accelerators Create Matter from Energy
    5. 33.4 Particles, Patterns, and Conservation Laws
    6. 33.5 Quarks: Is That All There Is?
    7. 33.6 GUTs: The Unification of Forces
    8. Glossary
    9. Section Summary
    10. Conceptual Questions
    11. Problems & Exercises
  35. 34 Frontiers of Physics
    1. Introduction to Frontiers of Physics
    2. 34.1 Cosmology and Particle Physics
    3. 34.2 General Relativity and Quantum Gravity
    4. 34.3 Superstrings
    5. 34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
    6. 34.5 Complexity and Chaos
    7. 34.6 High-temperature Superconductors
    8. 34.7 Some Questions We Know to Ask
    9. Glossary
    10. Section Summary
    11. Conceptual Questions
    12. Problems & Exercises
  36. A | Atomic Masses
  37. B | Selected Radioactive Isotopes
  38. C | Useful Information
  39. D | Glossary of Key Symbols and Notation
  40. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12
    13. Chapter 13
    14. Chapter 14
    15. Chapter 15
    16. Chapter 16
    17. Chapter 17
    18. Chapter 18
    19. Chapter 19
    20. Chapter 20
    21. Chapter 21
    22. Chapter 22
    23. Chapter 23
    24. Chapter 24
    25. Chapter 25
    26. Chapter 26
    27. Chapter 27
    28. Chapter 28
    29. Chapter 29
    30. Chapter 30
    31. Chapter 31
    32. Chapter 32
    33. Chapter 33
    34. Chapter 34
  41. Index
Symbols
A
aberrations 26.6 Aberrations
absolute zero 13.1 Temperature
acceleration due to gravity 2.7 Falling Objects
accommodation 26.1 Physics of the Eye
acoustic impedance 17.7 Ultrasound
adaptive optics 26.5 Telescopes
air resistance 3.4 Projectile Motion
ampere 20.1 Current
amplitude modulation 24.3 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
angular acceleration 10.1 Angular Acceleration
angular magnification 26.5 Telescopes
angular momentum quantum number 30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
approximations 1.4 Approximation
Archimedes’ principle 11.7 Archimedes’ Principle
average acceleration 2 Section Summary
Average Acceleration 2.4 Acceleration
Avogadro’s number 13.3 The Ideal Gas Law
axis of a polarizing filter 27.8 Polarization
B
back emf 23.6 Back Emf
banked curves 6.3 Centripetal Force
barrier penetration 31.7 Tunneling
Bernoulli’s equation 12.2 Bernoulli’s Equation
Bernoulli’s principle 12.2 Bernoulli’s Equation
binding energy per nucleon 31.6 Binding Energy
birefringent 27.8 Polarization
blackbody radiation 29.1 Quantization of Energy
Boltzmann constant 13.3 The Ideal Gas Law
break-even 32.5 Fusion
breeder reactors 32.6 Fission
breeding 32.6 Fission
Brewster’s angle 27.8 Polarization
Brewster’s law 27.8 Polarization
bridge devices 21.5 Null Measurements
Brownian motion 30.1 Discovery of the Atom
C
carbon-14 dating 31.5 Half-Life and Activity
centripetal acceleration 6.2 Centripetal Acceleration
centripetal force 6.3 Centripetal Force
change in angular velocity 10.1 Angular Acceleration
change in momentum 8.2 Impulse
characteristic time constant 23.10 RL Circuits
chart of the nuclides 31.3 Substructure of the Nucleus
chemical energy 7.6 Conservation of Energy
classical physics 1.1 Physics: An Introduction
Classical relativity 3.5 Addition of Velocities
coefficient of linear expansion 13.2 Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids
coefficient of volume expansion 13.2 Thermal Expansion of Solids and Liquids
color constancy 26.3 Color and Color Vision
compound microscope 26.4 Microscopes
Compton effect 29.4 Photon Momentum
conservation laws 21.3 Kirchhoff’s Rules
conservation of mechanical energy 7.4 Conservative Forces and Potential Energy
conservation of momentum principle 8.3 Conservation of Momentum
conservation of total baryon number 33.4 Particles, Patterns, and Conservation Laws
constructive interference 16.10 Superposition and Interference
constructive interference for a diffraction grating 27.4 Multiple Slit Diffraction
constructive interference for a double slit 27.3 Young’s Double Slit Experiment
converging (or convex) lens 25.6 Image Formation by Lenses
correspondence principle Introduction to Quantum Physics
cosmic microwave background 34.1 Cosmology and Particle Physics
cosmological constant 34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
cosmological red shift 34.1 Cosmology and Particle Physics
Coulomb forces 18.3 Coulomb’s Law
Coulomb interaction 18.6 Electric Forces in Biology
Coulomb’s law 18.3 Coulomb’s Law
Critical damping 16.7 Damped Harmonic Motion
critical density 34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
critical mass 32.6 Fission
critical point 13.5 Phase Changes
Critical pressure 13.5 Phase Changes
criticality 32.6 Fission
Current sensitivity 21.4 DC Voltmeters and Ammeters
D
Dalton’s law of partial pressures 13.5 Phase Changes
de Broglie wavelength 29.6 The Wave Nature of Matter
deceleration 2.4 Acceleration
degree Celsius 13.1 Temperature
degree Fahrenheit 13.1 Temperature
Density 11.2 Density
destructive interference 16.10 Superposition and Interference
destructive interference for a double slit 27.3 Young’s Double Slit Experiment
destructive interference for a single slit 27.5 Single Slit Diffraction
dielectric strengths 19.5 Capacitors and Dielectrics
diffraction grating 27.4 Multiple Slit Diffraction
direction of magnetic field lines 22.3 Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Field Lines
direction of polarization 27.8 Polarization
displacement 2.1 Displacement
Distance 2.1 Displacement
Distance traveled 2.1 Displacement
Doppler-shifted ultrasound 17.7 Ultrasound
drag force 5.2 Drag Forces
drift velocity 20.1 Current
E
electric and magnetic fields 24.4 Energy in Electromagnetic Waves
electric current 20.1 Current
Electric generators 23.5 Electric Generators
Electrical energy 7.6 Conservation of Energy
electromagnetic induction 23.1 Induced Emf and Magnetic Flux
electron capture equation 31.4 Nuclear Decay and Conservation Laws
electron’s antineutrino 31.4 Nuclear Decay and Conservation Laws
electrostatic force 18.3 Coulomb’s Law
electrostatic precipitators 18.8 Applications of Electrostatics
Electrostatic repulsion 18.2 Conductors and Insulators
emf induced in a generator coil 23.5 Electric Generators
emissivity 14.7 Radiation
energies of hydrogen-like atoms 30.3 Bohr’s Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
energy stored in an inductor 23.9 Inductance
equipotential lines 19.4 Equipotential Lines
Extremely low frequency (ELF) 24.3 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
eyepiece 26.4 Microscopes
F
Fahrenheit 13.1 Temperature
Farsightedness 26.2 Vision Correction
Feynman diagram 33.2 The Four Basic Forces
first law of thermodynamics 15.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics
first postulate of special relativity 28.1 Einstein’s Postulates
fission fragments 32.6 Fission
flat (zero curvature) universe 34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
Food irradiation 32.4 Food Irradiation
fossil fuels 7.9 World Energy Use
free radicals 32.4 Food Irradiation
frequency modulation 24.3 The Electromagnetic Spectrum
full-scale deflection 21.4 DC Voltmeters and Ammeters
fundamental frequency 16.10 Superposition and Interference
fundamental particle 33.5 Quarks: Is That All There Is?
H
Hall effect 22.6 The Hall Effect
heat 14.1 Heat
heat of sublimation 14.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat
Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle 29.7 Probability: The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
horizontally polarized 27.8 Polarization
horsepower 7.7 Power
Hydrogen spectrum wavelength 30.3 Bohr’s Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
hydrogen-spectrum wavelengths 30.3 Bohr’s Theory of the Hydrogen Atom
I
ideal banking 6.3 Centripetal Force
ideal gas law 13.3 The Ideal Gas Law
Ignition 32.5 Fusion
impulse 8.2 Impulse
index of refraction 25.3 The Law of Refraction
inductance 23.9 Inductance
inductor 23.9 Inductance
inertial confinement 32.5 Fusion
inflationary scenario 34.1 Cosmology and Particle Physics
infrasound 17.6 Hearing
Instantaneous acceleration 2.4 Acceleration
Instantaneous speed 2.3 Time, Velocity, and Speed
Instantaneous velocity 2.3 Time, Velocity, and Speed
intensity reflection coefficient 17.7 Ultrasound
intraocular pressure 11.9 Pressures in the Body
M
magnetic confinement 32.5 Fusion
magnetic field strength (magnitude) produced by a long straight current-carrying wire 22.9 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere’s Law
magnetic field strength at the center of a circular loop 22.9 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere’s Law
magnetic field strength inside a solenoid 22.9 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents: Ampere’s Law
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 22.11 More Applications of Magnetism
magnetocardiogram (MCG) 22.11 More Applications of Magnetism
magnetoencephalogram (MEG) 22.11 More Applications of Magnetism
magnitude of kinetic friction f k f k 5.1 Friction
magnitude of static friction f s f s 5.1 Friction
magnitude of the intrinsic (internal) spin angular momentum 30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
massive compact halo objects 34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
maximum field strength 24.4 Energy in Electromagnetic Waves
mechanical advantage 9.5 Simple Machines
mechanical equivalent of heat 14.1 Heat
Michelson-Morley experiment 28.1 Einstein’s Postulates
micturition reflex 11.9 Pressures in the Body
Mutual inductance 23.9 Inductance
N
Nearsightedness 26.2 Vision Correction
negatively curved 34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
net rate of heat transfer by radiation 14.7 Radiation
neutral equilibrium 9.3 Stability
neutrino oscillations 34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
Neutron-induced fission 32.6 Fission
Newton’s universal law of gravitation 6.5 Newton’s Universal Law of Gravitation
nonconservative force 7.5 Nonconservative Forces
north magnetic pole 22.1 Magnets
notes 17.6 Hearing
Nuclear fission 32.6 Fission
Nuclear fusion 32.5 Fusion
nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) 22.11 More Applications of Magnetism
nuclear radiation 31.1 Nuclear Radioactivity
Null measurements 21.5 Null Measurements
numerical aperture (NA)(NA) 26.4 Microscopes
P
parallel plate capacitor 19.5 Capacitors and Dielectrics
Partial pressure 13.5 Phase Changes
Pascal’s principle 11.5 Pascal’s Principle
Pauli exclusion principle 30.9 The Pauli Exclusion Principle
percent relative humidity 13.6 Humidity, Evaporation, and Boiling
perfectly inelastic collision 8.5 Inelastic Collisions in One Dimension
phase diagrams 13.5 Phase Changes
photoelectric effect 29.2 The Photoelectric Effect
photon momentum 29.4 Photon Momentum
Planck’s constant 29.1 Quantization of Energy
Poiseuille’s law for resistance 12.4 Viscosity and Laminar Flow; Poiseuille’s Law
position 2.1 Displacement
positively curved 34.4 Dark Matter and Closure
positron emission tomography (PET) 32.1 Diagnostics and Medical Imaging
potential energy of a spring 7.4 Conservative Forces and Potential Energy
potentiometer 21.5 Null Measurements
Projectile motion 3.4 Projectile Motion
Proper length 28.3 Length Contraction
proton-proton cycle 32.5 Fusion
PV diagram 13.5 Phase Changes
R
Radioactive dating 31.5 Half-Life and Activity
radiolytic products 32.4 Food Irradiation
radius of a nucleus 31.3 Substructure of the Nucleus
range of radiation 31.1 Nuclear Radioactivity
rate of conductive heat transfer 14.5 Conduction
reflected light is completely polarized 27.8 Polarization
relative biological effectiveness 32.2 Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation
relative velocities 3.5 Addition of Velocities
relativistic Doppler effects 28 Section Summary
Relativistic kinetic energy 28.6 Relativistic Energy
Relativistic momentum 28.5 Relativistic Momentum
relativistic velocity addition 28.4 Relativistic Addition of Velocities
Renewable forms of energy 7.9 World Energy Use
resonant frequency 23.12 RLC Series AC Circuits
retinex theory of color vision 26.3 Color and Color Vision
RR factor 14.5 Conduction
S
scientific method 1.1 Physics: An Introduction
second law of motion 8.1 Linear Momentum and Force
second postulate of special relativity 28.1 Einstein’s Postulates
Self-inductance 23.9 Inductance
simple pendulum 16.4 The Simple Pendulum
simplified theory of color vision 26.3 Color and Color Vision
single-photon-emission computed tomography(SPECT) 32.1 Diagnostics and Medical Imaging
Solid-state radiation detectors 31.2 Radiation Detection and Detectors
sound 17.1 Sound
sound intensity level 17.3 Sound Intensity and Sound Level
south magnetic pole 22.1 Magnets
special relativity. 28.1 Einstein’s Postulates
specific gravity 11.7 Archimedes’ Principle
spin projection quantum number 30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
spin quantum number 30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
spontaneous symmetry breaking 34.1 Cosmology and Particle Physics
stable equilibrium 9.3 Stability
static friction 5.1 Friction
Stefan-Boltzmann law of radiation 14.7 Radiation
step-down transformer 23.7 Transformers
step-up transformer 23.7 Transformers
Stokes’ law 5.2 Drag Forces
supercriticality 32.6 Fission
T
tangential acceleration 10.1 Angular Acceleration
Temperature 13.1 Temperature
temperature coefficient of resistivity 20.3 Resistance and Resistivity
the second law of thermodynamics stated in terms of entropy 15.6 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics: Disorder and the Unavailability of Energy
theory of quark confinement 33.5 Quarks: Is That All There Is?
thermal conductivity 14.5 Conduction
thermal equilibrium 13.1 Temperature
thin film interference 27.7 Thin Film Interference
thin lens equations 25.6 Image Formation by Lenses
timbre 17.6 Hearing
total internal reflection 25.4 Total Internal Reflection
transformer equation 23.7 Transformers
Transformers 23.7 Transformers
triple point 13.5 Phase Changes
Tunneling 31.7 Tunneling
Z
zeroth law of thermodynamics 13.1 Temperature
zz-component of spin angular momentum 30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
zz-component of the angular momentum 30.8 Quantum Numbers and Rules
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