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  1. Preface
  2. 1 Role of Accounting in Society
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 1.1 Explain the Importance of Accounting and Distinguish between Financial and Managerial Accounting
    3. 1.2 Identify Users of Accounting Information and How They Apply Information
    4. 1.3 Describe Typical Accounting Activities and the Role Accountants Play in Identifying, Recording, and Reporting Financial Activities
    5. 1.4 Explain Why Accounting Is Important to Business Stakeholders
    6. 1.5 Describe the Varied Career Paths Open to Individuals with an Accounting Education
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
  3. 2 Introduction to Financial Statements
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 2.1 Describe the Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, Balance Sheet, and Statement of Cash Flows, and How They Interrelate
    3. 2.2 Define, Explain, and Provide Examples of Current and Noncurrent Assets, Current and Noncurrent Liabilities, Equity, Revenues, and Expenses
    4. 2.3 Prepare an Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, and Balance Sheet
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Multiple Choice
    8. Questions
    9. Exercise Set A
    10. Exercise Set B
    11. Problem Set A
    12. Problem Set B
    13. Thought Provokers
  4. 3 Analyzing and Recording Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 3.1 Describe Principles, Assumptions, and Concepts of Accounting and Their Relationship to Financial Statements
    3. 3.2 Define and Describe the Expanded Accounting Equation and Its Relationship to Analyzing Transactions
    4. 3.3 Define and Describe the Initial Steps in the Accounting Cycle
    5. 3.4 Analyze Business Transactions Using the Accounting Equation and Show the Impact of Business Transactions on Financial Statements
    6. 3.5 Use Journal Entries to Record Transactions and Post to T-Accounts
    7. 3.6 Prepare a Trial Balance
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  5. 4 The Adjustment Process
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 4.1 Explain the Concepts and Guidelines Affecting Adjusting Entries
    3. 4.2 Discuss the Adjustment Process and Illustrate Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    4. 4.3 Record and Post the Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    5. 4.4 Use the Ledger Balances to Prepare an Adjusted Trial Balance
    6. 4.5 Prepare Financial Statements Using the Adjusted Trial Balance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  6. 5 Completing the Accounting Cycle
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 5.1 Describe and Prepare Closing Entries for a Business
    3. 5.2 Prepare a Post-Closing Trial Balance
    4. 5.3 Apply the Results from the Adjusted Trial Balance to Compute Current Ratio and Working Capital Balance, and Explain How These Measures Represent Liquidity
    5. 5.4 Appendix: Complete a Comprehensive Accounting Cycle for a Business
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  7. 6 Merchandising Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 6.1 Compare and Contrast Merchandising versus Service Activities and Transactions
    3. 6.2 Compare and Contrast Perpetual versus Periodic Inventory Systems
    4. 6.3 Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    5. 6.4 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Sale of Merchandise Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    6. 6.5 Discuss and Record Transactions Applying the Two Commonly Used Freight-In Methods
    7. 6.6 Describe and Prepare Multi-Step and Simple Income Statements for Merchandising Companies
    8. 6.7 Appendix: Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases and Sales Using the Periodic Inventory System
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  8. 7 Accounting Information Systems
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 7.1 Define and Describe the Components of an Accounting Information System
    3. 7.2 Describe and Explain the Purpose of Special Journals and Their Importance to Stakeholders
    4. 7.3 Analyze and Journalize Transactions Using Special Journals
    5. 7.4 Prepare a Subsidiary Ledger
    6. 7.5 Describe Career Paths Open to Individuals with a Joint Education in Accounting and Information Systems
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  9. 8 Fraud, Internal Controls, and Cash
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 8.1 Analyze Fraud in the Accounting Workplace
    3. 8.2 Define and Explain Internal Controls and Their Purpose within an Organization
    4. 8.3 Describe Internal Controls within an Organization
    5. 8.4 Define the Purpose and Use of a Petty Cash Fund, and Prepare Petty Cash Journal Entries
    6. 8.5 Discuss Management Responsibilities for Maintaining Internal Controls within an Organization
    7. 8.6 Define the Purpose of a Bank Reconciliation, and Prepare a Bank Reconciliation and Its Associated Journal Entries
    8. 8.7 Describe Fraud in Financial Statements and Sarbanes-Oxley Act Requirements
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  10. 9 Accounting for Receivables
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 9.1 Explain the Revenue Recognition Principle and How It Relates to Current and Future Sales and Purchase Transactions
    3. 9.2 Account for Uncollectible Accounts Using the Balance Sheet and Income Statement Approaches
    4. 9.3 Determine the Efficiency of Receivables Management Using Financial Ratios
    5. 9.4 Discuss the Role of Accounting for Receivables in Earnings Management
    6. 9.5 Apply Revenue Recognition Principles to Long-Term Projects
    7. 9.6 Explain How Notes Receivable and Accounts Receivable Differ
    8. 9.7 Appendix: Comprehensive Example of Bad Debt Estimation
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  11. 10 Inventory
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 10.1 Describe and Demonstrate the Basic Inventory Valuation Methods and Their Cost Flow Assumptions
    3. 10.2 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Periodic Method
    4. 10.3 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Perpetual Method
    5. 10.4 Explain and Demonstrate the Impact of Inventory Valuation Errors on the Income Statement and Balance Sheet
    6. 10.5 Examine the Efficiency of Inventory Management Using Financial Ratios
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  12. 11 Long-Term Assets
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 11.1 Distinguish between Tangible and Intangible Assets
    3. 11.2 Analyze and Classify Capitalized Costs versus Expenses
    4. 11.3 Explain and Apply Depreciation Methods to Allocate Capitalized Costs
    5. 11.4 Describe Accounting for Intangible Assets and Record Related Transactions
    6. 11.5 Describe Some Special Issues in Accounting for Long-Term Assets
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  13. 12 Current Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 12.1 Identify and Describe Current Liabilities
    3. 12.2 Analyze, Journalize, and Report Current Liabilities
    4. 12.3 Define and Apply Accounting Treatment for Contingent Liabilities
    5. 12.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record Short-Term Notes Payable
    6. 12.5 Record Transactions Incurred in Preparing Payroll
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  14. 13 Long-Term Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 13.1 Explain the Pricing of Long-Term Liabilities
    3. 13.2 Compute Amortization of Long-Term Liabilities Using the Effective-Interest Method
    4. 13.3 Prepare Journal Entries to Reflect the Life Cycle of Bonds
    5. 13.4 Appendix: Special Topics Related to Long-Term Liabilities
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  15. 14 Corporation Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 14.1 Explain the Process of Securing Equity Financing through the Issuance of Stock
    3. 14.2 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Issuance and Repurchase of Stock
    4. 14.3 Record Transactions and the Effects on Financial Statements for Cash Dividends, Property Dividends, Stock Dividends, and Stock Splits
    5. 14.4 Compare and Contrast Owners’ Equity versus Retained Earnings
    6. 14.5 Discuss the Applicability of Earnings per Share as a Method to Measure Performance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  16. 15 Partnership Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 15.1 Describe the Advantages and Disadvantages of Organizing as a Partnership
    3. 15.2 Describe How a Partnership Is Created, Including the Associated Journal Entries
    4. 15.3 Compute and Allocate Partners’ Share of Income and Loss
    5. 15.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record the Admission and Withdrawal of a Partner
    6. 15.5 Discuss and Record Entries for the Dissolution of a Partnership
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  17. 16 Statement of Cash Flows
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 16.1 Explain the Purpose of the Statement of Cash Flows
    3. 16.2 Differentiate between Operating, Investing, and Financing Activities
    4. 16.3 Prepare the Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    5. 16.4 Prepare the Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    6. 16.5 Use Information from the Statement of Cash Flows to Prepare Ratios to Assess Liquidity and Solvency
    7. 16.6 Appendix: Prepare a Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Direct Method
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  18. Financial Statement Analysis
  19. Time Value of Money
  20. Suggested Resources
  21. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12
    13. Chapter 13
    14. Chapter 14
    15. Chapter 15
    16. Chapter 16
  22. Index
EB1.

LO 6.1On June 1, Lupita Candy Supplies sells 1,250 candy buckets to a local school at a sales price of $10 per bucket. The cost to Lolita is $2 per bucket. The terms of the sale are 2/10, n/60, with an invoice date of June 1. Create the journal entries for Lupita to recognize the following transactions.

  1. the initial sale
  2. the subsequent customer payment on July 12
EB2.

LO 6.1Ariel Enterprises purchases 32 cellular telephones on credit from a manufacturer on November 3 at a price of $400 per phone. Terms of the purchase are 3/5, n/30 with an invoice date of November 3. Ariel Enterprises pays in full for the phones on November 6. Create the journal entries for Ariel Enterprises for the following transactions.

  1. the initial purchase
  2. the subsequent payment on November 6
EB3.

LO 6.1For each of the following statements, fill in the blanks with the correct account names.

  1. A retailer purchases merchandise on credit. The retailer would recognize this transaction by debiting _____ and crediting _______.
  2. A retailer pays for purchased merchandise within the discount window. The retailer would recognize this transaction by debiting ________ and crediting _________ and ________.
  3. A customer returns merchandise to the retailer and receives a full refund. The retailer would recognize this transaction by debiting _________ and crediting _________ if the customer had not yet paid on their account.
  4. A customer pays for purchased merchandise within the discount window. The retailer would recognize this transaction by debiting ________ and _______, and crediting _________.
EB4.

LO 6.2The following is selected information from Orange Industries. Compute net purchases, and cost of goods sold for the month of June.

List of Sales: $870,000; Gross Purchases: $435,080; Sales Discounts: $82,650; Purchase Returns and Allowances: $50,932; Beginning Inventory: $321,908; Purchase Discounts: $14,664; and Ending Inventory: $254,075.
EB5.

LO 6.2On April 20, Barrio Bikes purchased 30 bicycles at a cost of $100 per bike. Credit terms were 4/10, n/30, with an invoice date of April 20. On April 26, Barrio Bikes pays in full for the purchase. Prepare the journal entry or entries to recognize the purchase and subsequent payment if Barrio Bikes uses:

  1. the perpetual inventory system
  2. the periodic inventory system
EB6.

LO 6.3Blue Barns purchased 888 gallons of paint at $19 per gallon from a supplier on June 3. Terms of the purchase are 2/15, n/45, invoice dated June 3. Blue Barns pays their account in full on June 20. On June 22, Blue Barns discovers 20 gallons are the wrong color and returns the gallons for a full cash refund. Record the journal entries to recognize these transactions for Blue Barns.

EB7.

LO 6.3Canary Lawnmowers purchased 300 lawnmower parts at $3.50 per part from a supplier on December 4. Terms of the purchase are 4/10, n/25, invoice dated December 4. Canary Lawnmowers pays their account in full on December 16. On December 21, Canary discovers 34 of the parts are the wrong size but decides to keep them after the supplier gives Canary an allowance of $1.00 per part. Record the journal entries to recognize these transactions for Canary Lawnmowers.

EB8.

LO 6.3Record journal entries for the following purchase transactions of Balloon Depot.

Feb. 8 Purchased 3,000 balloon bundles on credit for $25 per bundle. Terms of the purchase are 10/10, n/30, invoice dated February 8.
Feb. 11 Returned 450 defective bundles for a full refund from the manufacturer.
Feb. 18 Paid account in full from the February 8 purchase.
EB9.

LO 6.4Blue Barns sold 136 gallons of paint at $31 per gallon on July 6 to a customer with a cost of $19 per gallon to Blue Barns. Terms of the sale are 2/15, n/45, invoice dated July 6. The customer pays their account in full on July 24. On July 28, the customer discovers 17 gallons are the wrong color and returns the paint for a full cash refund. Blue Barns returns the gallons to their inventory at the original cost per gallon. Record the journal entries to recognize these transactions for Blue Barns.

EB10.

LO 6.4Canary Lawnmowers sold 70 lawnmower parts at $5.00 per part to a customer on December 4 with a cost to Canary of $3.00 per part. Terms of the sale are 5/10, n/25, invoice dated December 4. The customer pays their account in full on December 16. On December 21, the customer discovers 22 of the parts are the wrong size but decides to keep them after Canary gives them an allowance of $1.00 per part. Record the journal entries to recognize these transactions for Canary Lawnmowers.

EB11.

LO 6.4Record journal entries for the following sales transactions of Balloon Depot.

Mar. 8 Sold 570 balloon bundles to a customer on credit for $38 per bundle. The cost to Balloon Depot was $25 per bundle. Terms of the sale are 3/10, n/30, invoice dated March 8.
Mar. 11 The customer returned 70 bundles for a full refund from Balloon Depot. Balloon Depot returns the balloons to their inventory at the original cost of $25 per bundle.
Mar. 18 The customer paid their account in full from the March 8 purchase.
EB12.

LO 6.5Review the following situations and record any necessary journal entries for Lumber Farm.

Feb. 13 Lumber Farm purchases $9,650 worth of merchandise with cash from a manufacturer. Shipping charges are an extra $210 cash. Terms of the purchase are FOB Destination.
Feb. 19 Lumber Farm sells $5,670 worth of merchandise to a customer who pays with cash. The merchandise has a cost to Lumber Farm of $2,200. Shipping charges are an extra $230 cash. Terms of the sale are FOB Destination.
EB13.

LO 6.5Review the following situations and record any necessary journal entries for Clubs Unlimited.

Jun. 12 Clubs Unlimited purchases $3,540 worth of merchandise on credit from a manufacturer. Shipping charges are an extra $150 cash. Terms of the purchase are 2/10, n/45, FOB Shipping Point, invoice dated June 12.
Jun. 18 Clubs Unlimited sells $8,200 worth of merchandise to a customer who pays on credit. The merchandise has a cost to Clubs Unlimited of $3,280. Shipping charges are an extra $150 cash. Terms of the sale are 3/15, n/30, FOB Shipping Point, invoice dated June 18.
EB14.

LO 6.5Review the following situations and record any necessary journal entries for Wall World.

Dec. 6 Wall World purchases $5,510 worth of merchandise on credit from a manufacturer. Shipping charges are an extra $146 cash. Terms of the purchase are 2/15, n/40, FOB Shipping Point, invoice dated December 6.
Dec. 10 Wall World sells $3,590 worth of merchandise to a customer, who pays on credit. The merchandise has a cost to Wall World of $1,400. Shipping charges are an extra $115 cash. Terms of the sale are 4/10, n/30, FOB Destination, invoice dated December 10.
EB15.

LO 6.6The following select account data is taken from the records of Carnival Express for 2019.

List of Sales: $790,866; Merchandise Inventory: $465,000; Accounts Receivable: $115,509; Office Supplies Expense: $2,312; Rent Revenue: $42,900; Sales Salaries Expense: $65,300; Accounts Payable: $158,234; Common Stock: $80,963; Marketing Expense: $25,450; Sales Discounts: $62,750; Interest Expense: $5,444; Sales Returns and Allowances: $100,043; Interest Revenue: $12,321; Cost of Goods Sold: $295,840; Rent Expense: $12,678; Depreciation Expense: Office Equipment: $4,210; Insurance Expense: $2,000; and Advertising Expense: $14,650.
  1. Use the data provided to compute net sales for 2019.
  2. Prepare a simple income statement for the year ended December 31, 2019.
  3. Compute the gross margin for 2019.
  4. Prepare a multi-step income statement for the year ended December 31, 2019.
EB16.

LO 6.7Canary Lawnmowers purchased 300 lawnmower parts at $3.50 per part from a supplier on December 4. Terms of the purchase are 4/10, n/25, invoice dated December 4. Canary Lawnmowers pays their account in full on December 16. On December 21, Canary discovers 34 of the parts are the wrong size, but decides to keep them after the supplier gives Canary an allowance of $1.00 per part. Record the journal entries to recognize these transactions for Canary Lawnmowers.

EB17.

LO 6.7Record journal entries for the following purchase transactions of Balloon Depot.

Feb. 8 Purchased 3,000 balloon bundles on credit for $25 per bundle. Terms of the purchase are 2/10, n/30, invoice dated February 8.
Feb. 11 Returned 450 defective bundles for a full refund from the manufacturer.
Feb. 18 Paid account in full from the February 8 purchase.
EB18.

LO 6.7Canary Lawnmowers sold 75 lawnmower parts at $5.00 per part to a customer on December 4. The cost to Canary is $3.00 per part. Terms of the sale are 4/10, n/25, invoice dated December 4. The customer pays their account in full on December 16. On December 21, the customer discovers 22 of the parts are the wrong size, but decides to keep them after Canary gives them an allowance of $1.00 per part. Record the journal entries to recognize these transactions for Canary Lawnmowers.

EB19.

LO 6.7Record journal entries for the following sales transactions of Balloon Depot.

Mar. 8 Sold 570 balloon bundles to a customer on credit for $38 per bundle. The cost to Balloon Depot is $25 per bundle. Terms of the sale are 3/10, n/30, invoice dated March 8.
Mar. 11 The customer returned 70 bundles for a full refund from Balloon Depot.
Mar. 18 The customer paid their account in full from the March 8 purchase.
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