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  1. Preface
  2. Unit 1: Levels of Organization
    1. 1 An Introduction to the Human Body
      1. Introduction
      2. 1.1 Overview of Anatomy and Physiology
      3. 1.2 Structural Organization of the Human Body
      4. 1.3 Functions of Human Life
      5. 1.4 Requirements for Human Life
      6. 1.5 Homeostasis
      7. 1.6 Anatomical Terminology
      8. 1.7 Medical Imaging
      9. Key Terms
      10. Chapter Review
      11. Interactive Link Questions
      12. Review Questions
      13. Critical Thinking Questions
    2. 2 The Chemical Level of Organization
      1. Introduction
      2. 2.1 Elements and Atoms: The Building Blocks of Matter
      3. 2.2 Chemical Bonds
      4. 2.3 Chemical Reactions
      5. 2.4 Inorganic Compounds Essential to Human Functioning
      6. 2.5 Organic Compounds Essential to Human Functioning
      7. Key Terms
      8. Chapter Review
      9. Interactive Link Questions
      10. Review Questions
      11. Critical Thinking Questions
    3. 3 The Cellular Level of Organization
      1. Introduction
      2. 3.1 The Cell Membrane
      3. 3.2 The Cytoplasm and Cellular Organelles
      4. 3.3 The Nucleus and DNA Replication
      5. 3.4 Protein Synthesis
      6. 3.5 Cell Growth and Division
      7. 3.6 Cellular Differentiation
      8. Key Terms
      9. Chapter Review
      10. Interactive Link Questions
      11. Review Questions
      12. Critical Thinking Questions
    4. 4 The Tissue Level of Organization
      1. Introduction
      2. 4.1 Types of Tissues
      3. 4.2 Epithelial Tissue
      4. 4.3 Connective Tissue Supports and Protects
      5. 4.4 Muscle Tissue and Motion
      6. 4.5 Nervous Tissue Mediates Perception and Response
      7. 4.6 Tissue Injury and Aging
      8. Key Terms
      9. Chapter Review
      10. Interactive Link Questions
      11. Review Questions
      12. Critical Thinking Questions
  3. Unit 2: Support and Movement
    1. 5 The Integumentary System
      1. Introduction
      2. 5.1 Layers of the Skin
      3. 5.2 Accessory Structures of the Skin
      4. 5.3 Functions of the Integumentary System
      5. 5.4 Diseases, Disorders, and Injuries of the Integumentary System
      6. Key Terms
      7. Chapter Review
      8. Interactive Link Questions
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
    2. 6 Bone Tissue and the Skeletal System
      1. Introduction
      2. 6.1 The Functions of the Skeletal System
      3. 6.2 Bone Classification
      4. 6.3 Bone Structure
      5. 6.4 Bone Formation and Development
      6. 6.5 Fractures: Bone Repair
      7. 6.6 Exercise, Nutrition, Hormones, and Bone Tissue
      8. 6.7 Calcium Homeostasis: Interactions of the Skeletal System and Other Organ Systems
      9. Key Terms
      10. Chapter Review
      11. Review Questions
      12. Critical Thinking Questions
    3. 7 Axial Skeleton
      1. Introduction
      2. 7.1 Divisions of the Skeletal System
      3. 7.2 The Skull
      4. 7.3 The Vertebral Column
      5. 7.4 The Thoracic Cage
      6. 7.5 Embryonic Development of the Axial Skeleton
      7. Key Terms
      8. Chapter Review
      9. Interactive Link Questions
      10. Review Questions
      11. Critical Thinking Questions
    4. 8 The Appendicular Skeleton
      1. Introduction
      2. 8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
      3. 8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
      4. 8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
      5. 8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
      6. 8.5 Development of the Appendicular Skeleton
      7. Key Terms
      8. Chapter Review
      9. Interactive Link Questions
      10. Review Questions
      11. Critical Thinking Questions
    5. 9 Joints
      1. Introduction
      2. 9.1 Classification of Joints
      3. 9.2 Fibrous Joints
      4. 9.3 Cartilaginous Joints
      5. 9.4 Synovial Joints
      6. 9.5 Types of Body Movements
      7. 9.6 Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints
      8. 9.7 Development of Joints
      9. Key Terms
      10. Chapter Review
      11. Interactive Link Questions
      12. Review Questions
      13. Critical Thinking Questions
    6. 10 Muscle Tissue
      1. Introduction
      2. 10.1 Overview of Muscle Tissues
      3. 10.2 Skeletal Muscle
      4. 10.3 Muscle Fiber Contraction and Relaxation
      5. 10.4 Nervous System Control of Muscle Tension
      6. 10.5 Types of Muscle Fibers
      7. 10.6 Exercise and Muscle Performance
      8. 10.7 Cardiac Muscle Tissue
      9. 10.8 Smooth Muscle
      10. 10.9 Development and Regeneration of Muscle Tissue
      11. Key Terms
      12. Chapter Review
      13. Interactive Link Questions
      14. Review Questions
      15. Critical Thinking Questions
    7. 11 The Muscular System
      1. Introduction
      2. 11.1 Interactions of Skeletal Muscles, Their Fascicle Arrangement, and Their Lever Systems
      3. 11.2 Naming Skeletal Muscles
      4. 11.3 Axial Muscles of the Head, Neck, and Back
      5. 11.4 Axial Muscles of the Abdominal Wall, and Thorax
      6. 11.5 Muscles of the Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limbs
      7. 11.6 Appendicular Muscles of the Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limbs
      8. Key Terms
      9. Chapter Review
      10. Review Questions
      11. Critical Thinking Questions
  4. Unit 3: Regulation, Integration, and Control
    1. 12 The Nervous System and Nervous Tissue
      1. Introduction
      2. 12.1 Basic Structure and Function of the Nervous System
      3. 12.2 Nervous Tissue
      4. 12.3 The Function of Nervous Tissue
      5. 12.4 The Action Potential
      6. 12.5 Communication Between Neurons
      7. Key Terms
      8. Chapter Review
      9. Interactive Link Questions
      10. Review Questions
      11. Critical Thinking Questions
    2. 13 Anatomy of the Nervous System
      1. Introduction
      2. 13.1 The Embryologic Perspective
      3. 13.2 The Central Nervous System
      4. 13.3 Circulation and the Central Nervous System
      5. 13.4 The Peripheral Nervous System
      6. Key Terms
      7. Chapter Review
      8. Interactive Link Questions
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
    3. 14 The Somatic Nervous System
      1. Introduction
      2. 14.1 Sensory Perception
      3. 14.2 Central Processing
      4. 14.3 Motor Responses
      5. Key Terms
      6. Chapter Review
      7. Interactive Link Questions
      8. Review Questions
      9. Critical Thinking Questions
    4. 15 The Autonomic Nervous System
      1. Introduction
      2. 15.1 Divisions of the Autonomic Nervous System
      3. 15.2 Autonomic Reflexes and Homeostasis
      4. 15.3 Central Control
      5. 15.4 Drugs that Affect the Autonomic System
      6. Key Terms
      7. Chapter Review
      8. Interactive Link Questions
      9. Review Questions
      10. Critical Thinking Questions
    5. 16 The Neurological Exam
      1. Introduction
      2. 16.1 Overview of the Neurological Exam
      3. 16.2 The Mental Status Exam
      4. 16.3 The Cranial Nerve Exam
      5. 16.4 The Sensory and Motor Exams
      6. 16.5 The Coordination and Gait Exams
      7. Key Terms
      8. Chapter Review
      9. Interactive Link Questions
      10. Review Questions
      11. Critical Thinking Questions
    6. 17 The Endocrine System
      1. Introduction
      2. 17.1 An Overview of the Endocrine System
      3. 17.2 Hormones
      4. 17.3 The Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus
      5. 17.4 The Thyroid Gland
      6. 17.5 The Parathyroid Glands
      7. 17.6 The Adrenal Glands
      8. 17.7 The Pineal Gland
      9. 17.8 Gonadal and Placental Hormones
      10. 17.9 The Endocrine Pancreas
      11. 17.10 Organs with Secondary Endocrine Functions
      12. 17.11 Development and Aging of the Endocrine System
      13. Key Terms
      14. Chapter Review
      15. Interactive Link Questions
      16. Review Questions
      17. Critical Thinking Questions
  5. Unit 4: Fluids and Transport
    1. 18 The Cardiovascular System: Blood
      1. Introduction
      2. 18.1 An Overview of Blood
      3. 18.2 Production of the Formed Elements
      4. 18.3 Erythrocytes
      5. 18.4 Leukocytes and Platelets
      6. 18.5 Hemostasis
      7. 18.6 Blood Typing
      8. Key Terms
      9. Chapter Review
      10. Interactive Link Questions
      11. Review Questions
      12. Critical Thinking Questions
    2. 19 The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
      1. Introduction
      2. 19.1 Heart Anatomy
      3. 19.2 Cardiac Muscle and Electrical Activity
      4. 19.3 Cardiac Cycle
      5. 19.4 Cardiac Physiology
      6. 19.5 Development of the Heart
      7. Key Terms
      8. Chapter Review
      9. Interactive Link Questions
      10. Review Questions
      11. Critical Thinking Questions
    3. 20 The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Circulation
      1. Introduction
      2. 20.1 Structure and Function of Blood Vessels
      3. 20.2 Blood Flow, Blood Pressure, and Resistance
      4. 20.3 Capillary Exchange
      5. 20.4 Homeostatic Regulation of the Vascular System
      6. 20.5 Circulatory Pathways
      7. 20.6 Development of Blood Vessels and Fetal Circulation
      8. Key Terms
      9. Chapter Review
      10. Interactive Link Questions
      11. Review Questions
      12. Critical Thinking Questions
    4. 21 The Lymphatic and Immune System
      1. Introduction
      2. 21.1 Anatomy of the Lymphatic and Immune Systems
      3. 21.2 Barrier Defenses and the Innate Immune Response
      4. 21.3 The Adaptive Immune Response: T lymphocytes and Their Functional Types
      5. 21.4 The Adaptive Immune Response: B-lymphocytes and Antibodies
      6. 21.5 The Immune Response against Pathogens
      7. 21.6 Diseases Associated with Depressed or Overactive Immune Responses
      8. 21.7 Transplantation and Cancer Immunology
      9. Key Terms
      10. Chapter Review
      11. Interactive Link Questions
      12. Review Questions
      13. Critical Thinking Questions
  6. Unit 5: Energy, Maintenance, and Environmental Exchange
    1. 22 The Respiratory System
      1. Introduction
      2. 22.1 Organs and Structures of the Respiratory System
      3. 22.2 The Lungs
      4. 22.3 The Process of Breathing
      5. 22.4 Gas Exchange
      6. 22.5 Transport of Gases
      7. 22.6 Modifications in Respiratory Functions
      8. 22.7 Embryonic Development of the Respiratory System
      9. Key Terms
      10. Chapter Review
      11. Interactive Link Questions
      12. Review Questions
      13. Critical Thinking Questions
    2. 23 The Digestive System
      1. Introduction
      2. 23.1 Overview of the Digestive System
      3. 23.2 Digestive System Processes and Regulation
      4. 23.3 The Mouth, Pharynx, and Esophagus
      5. 23.4 The Stomach
      6. 23.5 The Small and Large Intestines
      7. 23.6 Accessory Organs in Digestion: The Liver, Pancreas, and Gallbladder
      8. 23.7 Chemical Digestion and Absorption: A Closer Look
      9. Key Terms
      10. Chapter Review
      11. Interactive Link Questions
      12. Review Questions
      13. Critical Thinking Questions
    3. 24 Metabolism and Nutrition
      1. Introduction
      2. 24.1 Overview of Metabolic Reactions
      3. 24.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism
      4. 24.3 Lipid Metabolism
      5. 24.4 Protein Metabolism
      6. 24.5 Metabolic States of the Body
      7. 24.6 Energy and Heat Balance
      8. 24.7 Nutrition and Diet
      9. Key Terms
      10. Chapter Review
      11. Review Questions
      12. Critical Thinking Questions
    4. 25 The Urinary System
      1. Introduction
      2. 25.1 Physical Characteristics of Urine
      3. 25.2 Gross Anatomy of Urine Transport
      4. 25.3 Gross Anatomy of the Kidney
      5. 25.4 Microscopic Anatomy of the Kidney
      6. 25.5 Physiology of Urine Formation
      7. 25.6 Tubular Reabsorption
      8. 25.7 Regulation of Renal Blood Flow
      9. 25.8 Endocrine Regulation of Kidney Function
      10. 25.9 Regulation of Fluid Volume and Composition
      11. 25.10 The Urinary System and Homeostasis
      12. Key Terms
      13. Chapter Review
      14. Review Questions
      15. Critical Thinking Questions
    5. 26 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
      1. Introduction
      2. 26.1 Body Fluids and Fluid Compartments
      3. 26.2 Water Balance
      4. 26.3 Electrolyte Balance
      5. 26.4 Acid-Base Balance
      6. 26.5 Disorders of Acid-Base Balance
      7. Key Terms
      8. Chapter Review
      9. Interactive Link Questions
      10. Review Questions
      11. Critical Thinking Questions
  7. Unit 6: Human Development and the Continuity of Life
    1. 27 The Reproductive System
      1. Introduction
      2. 27.1 Anatomy and Physiology of the Male Reproductive System
      3. 27.2 Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reproductive System
      4. 27.3 Development of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems
      5. Key Terms
      6. Chapter Review
      7. Interactive Link Questions
      8. Review Questions
      9. Critical Thinking Questions
    2. 28 Development and Inheritance
      1. Introduction
      2. 28.1 Fertilization
      3. 28.2 Embryonic Development
      4. 28.3 Fetal Development
      5. 28.4 Maternal Changes During Pregnancy, Labor, and Birth
      6. 28.5 Adjustments of the Infant at Birth and Postnatal Stages
      7. 28.6 Lactation
      8. 28.7 Patterns of Inheritance
      9. Key Terms
      10. Chapter Review
      11. Interactive Link Questions
      12. Review Questions
      13. Critical Thinking Questions
  8. References
  9. Index
A
abdominopelvic cavity1.6 Anatomical Terminology
ABO blood group18.6 Blood Typing
absolute refractory period12.4 The Action Potential
accessory digestive organ23.1 Overview of the Digestive System
accommodation–convergence reflex16.3 The Cranial Nerve Exam
acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl CoA)24.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism
acromial end of the clavicle8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
acromial process8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
acromioclavicular joint8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
acrosomal reaction28.1 Fertilization
activation energy2.3 Chemical Reactions
active transport3.1 The Cell Membrane
Acute mountain sickness (AMS)22.6 Modifications in Respiratory Functions
adenylyl cyclase17.2 Hormones
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)17.3 The Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus
agglutination18.6 Blood Typing
agranular leukocytes18.4 Leukocytes and Platelets
Alveolar process of the mandible7.2 The Skull
alveolar process of the maxilla7.2 The Skull
anatomical dead space22.3 The Process of Breathing
anatomical position1.6 Anatomical Terminology
anchoring junction4.2 Epithelial Tissue
angiotensin-converting enzyme17.6 The Adrenal Glands
angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)25.4 Microscopic Anatomy of the Kidney
angle of the mandible7.2 The Skull
angle of the rib7.4 The Thoracic Cage
anterior (ventral) sacral foramen7.3 The Vertebral Column
anterior border of the tibia8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
anterior cardiac veins19.1 Heart Anatomy
anterior cerebral artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
anterior communicating artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
anterior compartment of the forearm11.5 Muscles of the Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limbs
anterior corticospinal tract14.3 Motor Responses
anterior cranial fossa7.2 The Skull
anterior cruciate ligament9.6 Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints
anterior inferior iliac spine8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
anterior interventricular artery19.1 Heart Anatomy
anterior interventricular sulcus19.1 Heart Anatomy
anterior longitudinal ligament7.3 The Vertebral Column
anterior median fissure13.2 The Central Nervous System
anterior sacroiliac ligament8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
anterior superior iliac spine8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
anterior talofibular ligament9.6 Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints
anterior tibial artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
anterior tibial vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
anterograde amnesia16.2 The Mental Status Exam
anticoagulant18.5 Hemostasis
Antithrombin18.5 Hemostasis
aortic valve19.1 Heart Anatomy
Apocrine secretion4.2 Epithelial Tissue
arcuate line of the ilium8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
articular capsule9.4 Synovial Joints
articular disc9.4 Synovial Joints
Articular tubercle7.2 The Skull
ascending pathway14.2 Central Processing
association area14.2 Central Processing
Atmospheric pressure22.3 The Process of Breathing
atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)17.10 Organs with Secondary Endocrine Functions
atrioventricular bundle branches19.2 Cardiac Muscle and Electrical Activity
atrioventricular septum19.1 Heart Anatomy
atrioventricular valves19.1 Heart Anatomy
auricular surface of the ilium8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
autosomal chromosomes28.7 Patterns of Inheritance
autosomal recessive28.7 Patterns of Inheritance
axon terminal12.2 Nervous Tissue
B
Bainbridge reflex19.4 Cardiac Physiology
ball-and-socket joint9.4 Synovial Joints
baroreceptor reflex19.4 Cardiac Physiology
basal metabolic rate (BMR)24.6 Energy and Heat Balance
base of the metatarsal bone8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
basement membrane4.2 Epithelial Tissue
basilar membrane14.1 Sensory Perception
beta (β)-hydroxybutyrate24.3 Lipid Metabolism
beta (β)-oxidation24.3 Lipid Metabolism
bicuspid valve19.1 Heart Anatomy
binocular depth cues14.2 Central Processing
blood colloidal osmotic pressure (BCOP)20.3 Capillary Exchange
Blood hydrostatic pressure20.3 Capillary Exchange
blood-brain barrier (BBB)12.2 Nervous Tissue
body mass index (BMI)24.7 Nutrition and Diet
body of the rib7.4 The Thoracic Cage
brachiocephalic vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
brain case7.2 The Skull
bronchoconstriction22.2 The Lungs
bronchodilation22.2 The Lungs
Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT)21.1 Anatomy of the Lymphatic and Immune Systems
C
capacitation28.1 Fertilization
capillary hydrostatic pressure (CHP)20.3 Capillary Exchange
Carbonic anhydrase (CA)22.5 Transport of Gases
cardiac accelerator nerves15.3 Central Control
cardiac cycle19.3 Cardiac Cycle
Cardiac output (CO)19.4 Cardiac Physiology
cardiac reflexes19.4 Cardiac Physiology
cardiac skeleton19.1 Heart Anatomy
cardiomyocyte19.1 Heart Anatomy
cardiovascular center15.3 Central Control
carpometacarpal joint8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
cartilaginous joint9.1 Classification of Joints
cellular respiration24.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism
central chemoreceptor22.3 The Process of Breathing
cephalic phase23.4 The Stomach
cerebral peduncles14.3 Motor Responses
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)12.2 Nervous Tissue
cerebrovascular accident (CVA)20.5 Circulatory Pathways
cervical enlargement14.3 Motor Responses
cervical vertebrae7.3 The Vertebral Column
channel protein3.1 The Cell Membrane
Chemical energy2.3 Chemical Reactions
chief cells23.4 The Stomach
chief sensory nucleus14.2 Central Processing
cholecystokinin (CCK)24.3 Lipid Metabolism
chordae tendineae19.1 Heart Anatomy
chorionic membrane28.2 Embryonic Development
chymotrypsinogen24.4 Protein Metabolism
circadian rhythm14.2 Central Processing
circumflex artery19.1 Heart Anatomy
clavicular notch7.4 The Thoracic Cage
clotting factors18.5 Hemostasis
coagulation18.5 Hemostasis
Colony-stimulating factors (CSFs)18.2 Production of the Formed Elements
common carotid artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
common hepatic artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
common iliac artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
common iliac vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
common pathway18.5 Hemostasis
compact bone6.3 Bone Structure
Computed tomography (CT)1.7 Medical Imaging
concentration gradient3.1 The Cell Membrane
Conduction aphasia16.2 The Mental Status Exam
conductive hearing16.3 The Cranial Nerve Exam
condylar process of the mandible7.2 The Skull
condyloid joint9.4 Synovial Joints
cone photoreceptor14.1 Sensory Perception
Connective tissue4.1 Types of Tissues
connective tissue membrane4.1 Types of Tissues
continuous conduction12.4 The Action Potential
control center1.5 Homeostasis
coracoclavicular ligament8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
coracoid process8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
corneal reflex14.3 Motor Responses
corona radiata28.1 Fertilization
coronal suture7.2 The Skull
Coronary arteries19.1 Heart Anatomy
coronary sinus19.1 Heart Anatomy
coronary sulcus19.1 Heart Anatomy
Coronary veins19.1 Heart Anatomy
coronoid process of the mandible7.2 The Skull
coronoid process of the ulna8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
cortical reaction28.1 Fertilization
cortico-ponto-cerebellar pathway16.5 The Coordination and Gait Exams
corticobulbar tract14.3 Motor Responses
corticospinal tract14.3 Motor Responses
costal cartilage7.4 The Thoracic Cage
costoclavicular ligament8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
countercurrent multiplier system25.6 Tubular Reabsorption
covalent bond2.2 Chemical Bonds
cribriform plate7.2 The Skull
crista galli7.2 The Skull
cutaneous membrane4.1 Types of Tissues
cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)17.2 Hormones
cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)3.5 Cell Growth and Division
D
Dalton’s law22.4 Gas Exchange
decomposition reaction2.3 Chemical Reactions
deep femoral artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
deep femoral vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
deep posterior compartment of the forearm11.5 Muscles of the Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limbs
deltoid tuberosity8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
deoxyhemoglobin18.3 Erythrocytes
diacylglycerol (DAG)17.2 Hormones
dihydroxyvitamin D26.3 Electrolyte Balance
distal convoluted tubules25.3 Gross Anatomy of the Kidney
distal radioulnar joint8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
distal tibiofibular joint8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
dorsal (posterior) cavity1.6 Anatomical Terminology
dorsal (posterior) nerve root13.2 The Central Nervous System
dorsal (posterior) root ganglion13.4 The Peripheral Nervous System
dorsal column system14.2 Central Processing
dorsal longitudinal fasciculus15.3 Central Control
dorsal nucleus of the vagus nerve15.1 Divisions of the Autonomic Nervous System
dorsal respiratory group (DRG)22.3 The Process of Breathing
dorsal venous arch20.5 Circulatory Pathways
dorsalis pedis artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
downregulation17.2 Hormones
E
ejection fraction19.4 Cardiac Physiology
electrical gradient3.1 The Cell Membrane
electrochemical exclusion12.4 The Action Potential
electron transport chain (ETC)24.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism
encapsulated ending14.1 Sensory Perception
end diastolic volume (EDV)19.3 Cardiac Cycle
end systolic volume (ESV)19.3 Cardiac Cycle
endochondral ossification6.4 Bone Formation and Development
energy-consuming phase24.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism
energy-yielding phase24.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism
enteroendocrine cells23.4 The Stomach
ependymal cell12.2 Nervous Tissue
epicardial coronary arteries19.1 Heart Anatomy
epiphyseal plate6.3 Bone Structure
epithelial membrane4.1 Types of Tissues
Epithelial tissue4.1 Types of Tissues
esophageal artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
ethmoid air cell7.2 The Skull
ethmoid bone7.2 The Skull
exchange reaction2.3 Chemical Reactions
excitable membrane12.4 The Action Potential
excitation-contraction coupling10.2 Skeletal Muscle
excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP)12.5 Communication Between Neurons
executive functions14.3 Motor Responses
exocrine gland4.2 Epithelial Tissue
Expiratory reserve volume (ERV)22.3 The Process of Breathing
expressive aphasia16.2 The Mental Status Exam
External acoustic meatus7.2 The Skull
external carotid artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
external iliac artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
external iliac vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
external jugular vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
external occipital protuberance7.2 The Skull
External respiration22.4 Gas Exchange
external urinary sphincter25.2 Gross Anatomy of Urine Transport
extrapyramidal system14.3 Motor Responses
extrinsic ligament9.4 Synovial Joints
extrinsic muscles of the tongue16.3 The Cranial Nerve Exam
extrinsic pathway18.5 Hemostasis
F
facial bones7.2 The Skull
Facilitated diffusion3.1 The Cell Membrane
fasciculus cuneatus14.2 Central Processing
fasciculus gracilis14.2 Central Processing
fast glycolytic (FG)10.5 Types of Muscle Fibers
Fast oxidative (FO)10.5 Types of Muscle Fibers
fatty acid oxidation24.3 Lipid Metabolism
femoral circumflex vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
Fertilization28.1 Fertilization
fertilization membrane28.1 Fertilization
Fibrinolysis18.5 Hemostasis
fibular collateral ligament9.6 Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints
first messenger17.2 Hormones
flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD)24.1 Overview of Metabolic Reactions
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)17.3 The Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus
Foramen lacerum7.2 The Skull
Foramen ovale of the middle cranial fossa7.2 The Skull
Foramen rotundum7.2 The Skull
Foramen spinosum7.2 The Skull
fossa ovalis19.1 Heart Anatomy
Frank-Starling mechanism19.4 Cardiac Physiology
free nerve ending14.1 Sensory Perception
frontal bone7.2 The Skull
frontal sinus7.2 The Skull
functional residual capacity (FRC)22.3 The Process of Breathing
G
gastric emptying23.4 The Stomach
gastric gland23.4 The Stomach
gastric phase23.4 The Stomach
gastric pits23.4 The Stomach
Gene expression3.4 Protein Synthesis
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)17.6 The Adrenal Glands
glomerular filtration rate (GFR)25.5 Physiology of Urine Formation
glucose-6-phosphate24.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism
gluteal tuberosity8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
great cardiac vein19.1 Heart Anatomy
great cerebral vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
great saphenous vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
greater sciatic foramen8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
greater trochanter8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
greater wings of the sphenoid bone7.2 The Skull
gustatory receptor cells14.1 Sensory Perception
H
hard palate7.2 The Skull
head of the fibula8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
head of the humerus8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
head of the metatarsal bone8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
head of the radius8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
head of the rib7.4 The Thoracic Cage
heart sounds19.3 Cardiac Cycle
hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)18.6 Blood Typing
hemophilia18.5 Hemostasis
hemopoietic growth factors18.2 Production of the Formed Elements
hemorrhage18.5 Hemostasis
hemostasis18.5 Hemostasis
Henry’s law22.4 Gas Exchange
hepatic artery proper20.5 Circulatory Pathways
hepatic portal system20.5 Circulatory Pathways
hepatopancreatic ampulla23.5 The Small and Large Intestines
hepatopancreatic sphincter23.5 The Small and Large Intestines
holocrine secretion4.2 Epithelial Tissue
hook of the hamate bone8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
horizontal plate7.2 The Skull
hormone receptor17.2 Hormones
human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)28.2 Embryonic Development
hydrochloric acid (HCl)23.4 The Stomach
hydrogen bond2.2 Chemical Bonds
hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA (HMG CoA)24.3 Lipid Metabolism
hyperparathyroidism17.5 The Parathyroid Glands
Hyperphosphatemia26.3 Electrolyte Balance
hyperthyroidism17.4 The Thyroid Gland
hypertrophic cardiomyopathy19.1 Heart Anatomy
hypoglossal canal7.2 The Skull
hypoparathyroidism17.5 The Parathyroid Glands
Hypophosphatemia26.3 Electrolyte Balance
hypophyseal (pituitary) fossa7.2 The Skull
I
inactivation gate12.4 The Action Potential
inactive proenzymes24.4 Protein Metabolism
incomplete dominance28.7 Patterns of Inheritance
inferior angle of the scapula8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
inferior articular process7.3 The Vertebral Column
inferior cerebellar peduncle (ICP)16.5 The Coordination and Gait Exams
inferior mesenteric artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
inferior nasal concha7.2 The Skull
inferior oblique14.1 Sensory Perception
inferior phrenic artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
infraglenoid tubercle8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
infraorbital foramen7.2 The Skull
infraspinous fossa8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
infratemporal fossa7.2 The Skull
inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP)12.5 Communication Between Neurons
initial segment12.2 Nervous Tissue
inner synaptic layer14.1 Sensory Perception
inositol triphosphate (IP3)17.2 Hormones
Inspiratory capacity (IC)22.3 The Process of Breathing
Inspiratory reserve volume (IRV)22.3 The Process of Breathing
insulin-like growth factors (IGFs)17.3 The Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus
integral protein3.1 The Cell Membrane
integumentary system5.1 Layers of the Skin
interatrial septum19.1 Heart Anatomy
interaural intensity difference14.2 Central Processing
interaural time difference14.2 Central Processing
intercalated cell25.6 Tubular Reabsorption
intercondylar eminence8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
intercondylar fossa8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
intercostal artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
intermediate cuneiform8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
Internal acoustic meatus7.2 The Skull
internal capsule14.3 Motor Responses
internal carotid artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
internal iliac artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
internal iliac vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
internal jugular vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
Internal respiration22.4 Gas Exchange
internal thoracic artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
internal thoracic vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
internal urinary sphincter25.2 Gross Anatomy of Urine Transport
internuclear ophthalmoplegia16.3 The Cranial Nerve Exam
interosseous border of the fibula8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
interosseous border of the radius8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
interosseous border of the tibia8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
interosseous border of the ulna8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
interosseous membrane9.2 Fibrous Joints
interosseous membrane of the forearm8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
interosseous membrane of the leg8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
interphalangeal joint8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
interstitial fluid colloidal osmotic pressure (IFCOP)20.3 Capillary Exchange
interstitial fluid hydrostatic pressure (IFHP)20.3 Capillary Exchange
intertrochanteric crest8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
intertrochanteric line8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
intertubercular groove (sulcus)8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
interventricular septum19.1 Heart Anatomy
intervertebral foramen7.3 The Vertebral Column
intestinal phase23.4 The Stomach
Intra-alveolar pressure22.3 The Process of Breathing
intracapsular ligament9.4 Synovial Joints
intramembranous ossification6.4 Bone Formation and Development
Intrapleural pressure22.3 The Process of Breathing
intrinsic factor23.4 The Stomach
intrinsic ligament9.4 Synovial Joints
intrinsic muscles of the tongue16.3 The Cranial Nerve Exam
intrinsic pathway18.5 Hemostasis
ionotropic receptor12.4 The Action Potential
isovolumic contraction19.3 Cardiac Cycle
isovolumic ventricular relaxation phase19.3 Cardiac Cycle
L
lacrimal bone7.2 The Skull
lacrimal fossa7.2 The Skull
lambdoid suture7.2 The Skull
lamina propria4.1 Types of Tissues
Langerhans cell5.1 Layers of the Skin
latch-bridges10.8 Smooth Muscle
lateral (external) rotation9.5 Types of Body Movements
lateral border of the scapula8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
lateral circumflex artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
lateral condyle of the femur8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
lateral condyle of the tibia8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
lateral corticospinal tract14.3 Motor Responses
lateral epicondyle of the femur8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
lateral epicondyle of the humerus8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
lateral geniculate nucleus14.2 Central Processing
lateral plantar artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
lateral pterygoid plate7.2 The Skull
lateral sacral crest7.3 The Vertebral Column
lateral supracondylar ridge8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
lateral tibiofemoral joint9.6 Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints
leaky tight junctions25.6 Tubular Reabsorption
left atrioventricular valve19.1 Heart Anatomy
left gastric artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
lesser sciatic foramen8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
lesser wings of the sphenoid bone7.2 The Skull
let-down reflex28.6 Lactation
levator palpebrae superioris14.1 Sensory Perception
ligamentum flavum7.3 The Vertebral Column
ligand-gated channel12.4 The Action Potential
lower esophageal sphincter23.3 The Mouth, Pharynx, and Esophagus
lumbar enlargement14.3 Motor Responses
Lumbar vertebrae7.3 The Vertebral Column
M
Macrophage oxidative metabolism21.5 The Immune Response against Pathogens
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)1.7 Medical Imaging
Mandibular foramen7.2 The Skull
Mandibular fossa7.2 The Skull
mandibular notch7.2 The Skull
marginal arteries19.1 Heart Anatomy
mastoid process7.2 The Skull
maxillary bone7.2 The Skull
maxillary sinus7.2 The Skull
mechanically gated channel12.4 The Action Potential
medial (internal) rotation9.5 Types of Body Movements
medial border of the scapula8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
medial condyle of the femur8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
medial condyle of the tibia8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
medial epicondyle of the femur8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
medial epicondyle of the humerus8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
medial forebrain bundle15.3 Central Control
medial geniculate nucleus14.2 Central Processing
medial lemniscus14.2 Central Processing
medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF)16.3 The Cranial Nerve Exam
medial plantar artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
medial pterygoid plate7.2 The Skull
median antebrachial vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
median cubital vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
median sacral artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
median sacral crest7.3 The Vertebral Column
mediastinal artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
medullary cavity6.3 Bone Structure
membrane potential12.4 The Action Potential
Mental foramen7.2 The Skull
Mental protuberance7.2 The Skull
Merocrine secretion4.2 Epithelial Tissue
mesencephalic nuclei14.2 Central Processing
messenger RNA (mRNA)3.4 Protein Synthesis
metacarpophalangeal joint8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
metatarsophalangeal joint8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
middle cardiac vein19.1 Heart Anatomy
middle cerebellar peduncle (MCP)16.5 The Coordination and Gait Exams
middle cerebral artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
middle cranial fossa7.2 The Skull
middle nasal concha7.2 The Skull
middle sacral vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
migrating motility complex23.5 The Small and Large Intestines
mineralocorticoids17.6 The Adrenal Glands
mitral valve19.1 Heart Anatomy
mixing wave23.4 The Stomach
moderator band 19.1 Heart Anatomy
monoglyceride molecules24.3 Lipid Metabolism
motor end-plate10.2 Skeletal Muscle
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT)21.1 Anatomy of the Lymphatic and Immune Systems
mucosal barrier23.4 The Stomach
mucous membrane4.1 Types of Tissues
mucous neck cells23.4 The Stomach
multimodal integration area14.2 Central Processing
myelin sheath12.2 Nervous Tissue
Mylohyoid line7.2 The Skull
N
nasal cavity7.2 The Skull
nasal conchae7.2 The Skull
nasolacrimal canal7.2 The Skull
Natural killer (NK) cells18.4 Leukocytes and Platelets
neck of the radius8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
neck of the rib7.4 The Thoracic Cage
Negative feedback1.5 Homeostasis
negative inotropic factors19.4 Cardiac Physiology
Neonatal hypothyroidism17.4 The Thyroid Gland
Nervous tissue4.1 Types of Tissues
neuromuscular junction (NMJ)10.2 Skeletal Muscle
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)24.1 Overview of Metabolic Reactions
node of Ranvier12.2 Nervous Tissue
nonspecific channel12.4 The Action Potential
normal range1.5 Homeostasis
nucleus cuneatus14.2 Central Processing
nucleus gracilis14.2 Central Processing
nucleus pulposus7.3 The Vertebral Column
nutrient foramen6.3 Bone Structure
O
occipital bone7.2 The Skull
occipital condyle7.2 The Skull
odorant molecules14.1 Sensory Perception
olfactory epithelium14.1 Sensory Perception
olfactory sensory neuron14.1 Sensory Perception
ophthalmic artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
osteogenic cell6.3 Bone Structure
otolithic membrane14.1 Sensory Perception
outer synaptic layer14.1 Sensory Perception
oxidation-reduction reaction24.1 Overview of Metabolic Reactions
oxidative phosphorylation24.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism
oxygen–hemoglobin dissociation curve22.5 Transport of Gases
P
pacesetter cell10.8 Smooth Muscle
packed cell volume (PCV)18.1 An Overview of Blood
palatine bone7.2 The Skull
palatine process7.2 The Skull
palmar venous arches20.5 Circulatory Pathways
palpebral conjunctiva14.1 Sensory Perception
pancreatic lipases24.3 Lipid Metabolism
papillary layer5.1 Layers of the Skin
papillary muscle19.1 Heart Anatomy
paramedian pontine reticular formation (PPRF)16.3 The Cranial Nerve Exam
paranasal sinuses7.2 The Skull
parathyroid glands17.5 The Parathyroid Glands
parathyroid hormone (PTH)17.5 The Parathyroid Glands
parietal bone7.2 The Skull
parietal branches20.5 Circulatory Pathways
parietal cells23.4 The Stomach
parietal pleura22.2 The Lungs
parieto-occipital sulcus13.2 The Central Nervous System
Partial pressure22.4 Gas Exchange
Passive transport3.1 The Cell Membrane
pectinate muscles19.1 Heart Anatomy
perforating canal6.3 Bone Structure
pericardial artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
pericardial cavity19.1 Heart Anatomy
pericardial sac19.1 Heart Anatomy
periodontal ligament9.2 Fibrous Joints
peripheral chemoreceptor22.3 The Process of Breathing
Peripheral proteins3.1 The Cell Membrane
peritubular capillaries25.3 Gross Anatomy of the Kidney
perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone7.2 The Skull
petrous ridge7.2 The Skull
phalanx bone of the foot8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
phalanx bone of the hand8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
phosphodiesterase (PDE)17.2 Hormones
phosphorylation cascade17.2 Hormones
photoisomerization14.1 Sensory Perception
plantar venous arch20.5 Circulatory Pathways
Plasma osmolality26.2 Water Balance
platelet plug18.5 Hemostasis
pleural cavity22.2 The Lungs
Pleural fluid22.2 The Lungs
polar molecule2.2 Chemical Bonds
polycythemia18.3 Erythrocytes
Positive feedback1.5 Homeostasis
positive inotropic factors19.4 Cardiac Physiology
Positron emission tomography (PET)1.7 Medical Imaging
posterior (dorsal) sacral foramen7.3 The Vertebral Column
posterior cardiac vein19.1 Heart Anatomy
posterior cerebral artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
posterior communicating artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
posterior cranial fossa7.2 The Skull
posterior cruciate ligament9.6 Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints
posterior inferior iliac spine8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
posterior interventricular artery19.1 Heart Anatomy
posterior interventricular sulcus19.1 Heart Anatomy
posterior longitudinal ligament7.3 The Vertebral Column
posterior median sulcus13.2 The Central Nervous System
posterior sacroiliac ligament8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
posterior superior iliac spine8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
posterior talofibular ligament9.6 Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints
posterior tibial artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
posterior tibial vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
posterolateral sulcus13.2 The Central Nervous System
postsynaptic potential (PSP)12.5 Communication Between Neurons
Potential energy2.3 Chemical Reactions
precentral gyrus of the frontal cortex12.3 The Function of Nervous Tissue
premotor cortex14.3 Motor Responses
primary ossification center6.4 Bone Formation and Development
primary sensory cortex14.2 Central Processing
primitive heart tube19.5 Development of the Heart
protein kinase17.2 Hormones
proximal convoluted tubules (PCTs)25.3 Gross Anatomy of the Kidney
proximal tibiofibular joint8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium4.2 Epithelial Tissue
pulmonary arteries19.1 Heart Anatomy
pulmonary capillaries19.1 Heart Anatomy
pulmonary plexus22.2 The Lungs
pulmonary valve19.1 Heart Anatomy
Pulmonary ventilation22.3 The Process of Breathing
pyloric antrum23.4 The Stomach
pyloric canal23.4 The Stomach
pyloric sphincter23.4 The Stomach
pyramidal decussation14.3 Motor Responses
R
radial collateral ligament9.6 Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints
radial notch of the ulna8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
ramus of the mandible7.2 The Skull
Reactive oxygen species (ROS)3.2 The Cytoplasm and Cellular Organelles
Receptor-mediated endocytosis3.1 The Cell Membrane
red blood cells (RBCs)18.1 An Overview of Blood
refractory period12.4 The Action Potential
relative refractory period12.4 The Action Potential
Residual volume (RV)22.3 The Process of Breathing
resting membrane potential12.4 The Action Potential
reticular lamina4.2 Epithelial Tissue
reticular layer5.1 Layers of the Skin
reticulocyte18.3 Erythrocytes
reticulospinal tract14.3 Motor Responses
retinal ganglion cell (RGC)14.1 Sensory Perception
retrograde amnesia16.2 The Mental Status Exam
Rh blood group18.6 Blood Typing
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)3.4 Protein Synthesis
right atrioventricular valve19.1 Heart Anatomy
right gastric artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
RNA polymerase3.4 Protein Synthesis
rod photoreceptor14.1 Sensory Perception
S
saccharolytic fermentation23.5 The Small and Large Intestines
sacral micturition center25.2 Gross Anatomy of Urine Transport
sacral promontory7.3 The Vertebral Column
sacrococcygeal curve7.3 The Vertebral Column
sacrotuberous ligament8.3 The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis
sagittal suture7.2 The Skull
saltatory conduction12.4 The Action Potential
sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR)10.2 Skeletal Muscle
second messenger17.2 Hormones
secondary ossification center6.4 Bone Formation and Development
selective permeability3.1 The Cell Membrane
sella turcica7.2 The Skull
semicircular canals14.1 Sensory Perception
semilunar valves19.1 Heart Anatomy
sensorineural hearing16.3 The Cranial Nerve Exam
sensory homunculus14.2 Central Processing
sensory modality14.1 Sensory Perception
septal cartilage7.2 The Skull
septum primum19.1 Heart Anatomy
severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID)21.6 Diseases Associated with Depressed or Overactive Immune Responses
shaft of the femur8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
shaft of the fibula8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
shaft of the humerus8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
shaft of the radius8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
shaft of the tibia8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
sickle cell disease18.3 Erythrocytes
simple columnar epithelium4.2 Epithelial Tissue
simple cuboidal epithelium4.2 Epithelial Tissue
simple squamous epithelium4.2 Epithelial Tissue
Slow oxidative (SO)10.5 Types of Muscle Fibers
small cardiac vein19.1 Heart Anatomy
small saphenous vein20.5 Circulatory Pathways
sodium bicarbonate24.4 Protein Metabolism
sodium-potassium pump3.1 The Cell Membrane
solitary nucleus14.2 Central Processing
sphenoid bone7.2 The Skull
sphenoid sinus7.2 The Skull
spinal trigeminal nucleus14.2 Central Processing
spine of the scapula8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
spinothalamic tract14.2 Central Processing
squamous suture7.2 The Skull
stage of exhaustion17.6 The Adrenal Glands
stage of resistance17.6 The Adrenal Glands
sternal end of the clavicle8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
sternoclavicular joint8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
stratified columnar epithelium4.2 Epithelial Tissue
Stratified cuboidal epithelium4.2 Epithelial Tissue
Stratified squamous epithelium4.2 Epithelial Tissue
stratum corneum5.1 Layers of the Skin
stratum granulosum5.1 Layers of the Skin
stratum lucidum5.1 Layers of the Skin
stratum spinosum5.1 Layers of the Skin
stress-relaxation response10.8 Smooth Muscle
stretch reflex14.3 Motor Responses
stroke volume (SV)19.4 Cardiac Physiology
Styloid process7.2 The Skull
styloid process of the radius8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
styloid process of the ulna8.2 Bones of the Upper Limb
Stylomastoid foramen7.2 The Skull
subclavian artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
subcutaneous bursa9.4 Synovial Joints
submuscular bursa9.4 Synovial Joints
subscapular fossa8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
substantia nigra pars compacta13.2 The Central Nervous System
substantia nigra pars reticulata13.2 The Central Nervous System
subtendinous bursa9.4 Synovial Joints
superficial anterior compartment of the forearm11.5 Muscles of the Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limbs
superficial posterior compartment of the forearm11.5 Muscles of the Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limbs
superior angle of the scapula8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
superior articular process7.3 The Vertebral Column
superior articular process of the sacrum7.3 The Vertebral Column
superior border of the scapula8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
superior cerebellar peduncle (SCP)16.5 The Coordination and Gait Exams
superior mesenteric artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
superior nasal concha7.2 The Skull
superior nuchal line7.2 The Skull
superior oblique14.1 Sensory Perception
Superior orbital fissure7.2 The Skull
superior phrenic artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
supinated position9.5 Types of Body Movements
supplemental motor area14.3 Motor Responses
suprachiasmatic nucleus14.2 Central Processing
supraglenoid tubercle8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
supraorbital foramen7.2 The Skull
supraorbital margin7.2 The Skull
suprascapular notch8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
supraspinous fossa8.1 The Pectoral Girdle
supraspinous ligament7.3 The Vertebral Column
sustentaculum tali8.4 Bones of the Lower Limb
synaptic end bulb12.2 Nervous Tissue
syncytiotrophoblast28.2 Embryonic Development
synovial fluid9.4 Synovial Joints
synthesis reaction2.3 Chemical Reactions
systemic circuit19.1 Heart Anatomy
T
target heart rate19.4 Cardiac Physiology
tectorial membrane14.1 Sensory Perception
tectospinal tract14.3 Motor Responses
temporal bone7.2 The Skull
temporal fossa7.2 The Skull
temporal process of the zygomatic bone7.2 The Skull
temporomandibular joint (TMJ)9.6 Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints
tendon sheath9.4 Synovial Joints
terminal electron acceptor24.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism
testicular artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
thick filament10.2 Skeletal Muscle
thoracic vertebrae7.3 The Vertebral Column
Thoracic wall compliance22.3 The Process of Breathing
thrombosis18.5 Hemostasis
thyrocervical artery20.5 Circulatory Pathways
thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)17.3 The Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus
tibial collateral ligament9.6 Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints
tight junction4.2 Epithelial Tissue
tissue factor18.5 Hemostasis
tissue membrane4.1 Types of Tissues
total lung capacity (TLC)22.3 The Process of Breathing
Total pressure22.4 Gas Exchange
trabeculae carneae19.1 Heart Anatomy
transcription factor3.6 Cellular Differentiation
Transfer RNA (tRNA)3.4 Protein Synthesis
transitional epithelium4.2 Epithelial Tissue
Transpulmonary pressure22.3 The Process of Breathing
transverse foramen7.3 The Vertebral Column
transverse process7.3 The Vertebral Column
tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA)24.2 Carbohydrate Metabolism
tricuspid valve19.1 Heart Anatomy
triiodothyronine17.4 The Thyroid Gland
tubercle of the rib7.4 The Thoracic Cage
tubuloglomerular feedback25.7 Regulation of Renal Blood Flow
tympanic membrane14.1 Sensory Perception
V
vascular spasm18.5 Hemostasis
vasomotor nerves15.3 Central Control
ventral (anterior) cavity1.6 Anatomical Terminology
ventral (anterior) nerve root13.2 The Central Nervous System
ventral posterior nucleus14.2 Central Processing
ventral respiratory group (VRG)22.3 The Process of Breathing
ventricular ejection phase19.3 Cardiac Cycle
vertebral (spinal) canal7.3 The Vertebral Column
vertebral foramen7.3 The Vertebral Column
vestibular ganglion14.1 Sensory Perception
vestibular nuclei14.2 Central Processing
vestibulocochlear nerve13.4 The Peripheral Nervous System
vestibulospinal tract14.3 Motor Responses
visceral branches20.5 Circulatory Pathways
visceral muscle10.8 Smooth Muscle
visceral pleura22.2 The Lungs
voltage-gated channel12.4 The Action Potential
voltage-gated sodium channels10.2 Skeletal Muscle
vomer bone7.2 The Skull
Z
zona fasciculata17.6 The Adrenal Glands
zona glomerulosa17.6 The Adrenal Glands
zona pellucida28.1 Fertilization
zona reticularis17.6 The Adrenal Glands
zone of calcified matrix6.4 Bone Formation and Development
zone of maturation and hypertrophy6.4 Bone Formation and Development
zygomatic arch7.2 The Skull
zygomatic bone7.2 The Skull
zygomatic process of the temporal bone7.2 The Skull
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