Check Your Understanding Questions
To which genus and species do modern humans belong? What were some of the other human species and what happened to them?
In what ways was language a useful tool for modern humans?
What evidence supports the claim that Neanderthals and Homo sapiens may have mated?
Why do most scholars now dismiss the idea that Paleolithic cave paintings were designed to be popularly admired by those groups that created them?
How would scholars describe the religious traditions of hunter-gatherer peoples, and what evidence might they use?
What types of tools might have helped ancient humans migrating into cold environments and why?
What do you imagine would have happened if a Paleolithic hunter-gatherer community grew too large for the surrounding resources to support? Why?
Why might some groups have decided not to adopt agriculture?
How did the relationship between men and women change with the advent of agriculture?
How did agriculture lead to the development of social hierarchies?