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Review Questions

1 .
What statement best defines stress and explains how the body reacts to it?
  1. Stress is relaxation, and the body reacts by slowing the heart rate.
  2. Stress is a response to danger, and the body reacts by decreasing energy production.
  3. Stress is a response to perceived threats or challenges; the body reacts by activating the fight-or-flight response.
  4. Stress is happiness, and the body reacts by releasing endorphins.
2 .
What is a positive coping strategy for stress?
  1. ignoring the problem
  2. engaging in deep breathing exercises
  3. increasing caffeine intake
  4. watching distressing news
3 .
What best describes the prevalence and impact of anxiety in society?
  1. Anxiety is rare and has little impact on daily life.
  2. Anxiety is common and can significantly impact daily functioning.
  3. Anxiety affects only children and has no lasting impact.
  4. Anxiety is a fabricated condition with no real consequences.
4 .
What approach is often utilized in managing and treating anxiety?
  1. encouraging the avoidance of all anxiety-inducing situations
  2. prescription of antianxiety medication and cognitive behavioral therapy
  3. using only self-help books without professional guidance
  4. suppressing all anxious feelings without addressing underlying issues
5 .
What disorder is characterized by chronic and excessive worry about various aspects of daily life?
  1. phobia
  2. panic disorder
  3. generalized anxiety disorder
  4. panic attack
6 .
What is a common treatment approach for specific phobias?
  1. medication only
  2. exposure therapy
  3. cognitive restructuring alone
  4. breathing retraining exercises
7 .
What distinguishes a panic disorder from other anxiety disorders?
  1. chronic worry
  2. fear of specific objects
  3. recurrent and unexpected panic attacks
  4. muscle tension
8 .
A person experiencing intense fear and avoidance of heights would most likely be diagnosed with what kind of disorder?
  1. generalized anxiety disorder
  2. social anxiety disorder
  3. specific phobia
  4. panic disorder
9 .
What is a possible cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)?
  1. lack of sleep
  2. genetic and neurological factors
  3. vitamin deficiency
  4. high sugar intake
10 .
What is one common symptom of OCD?
  1. uncontrollable laughter
  2. recurring and unwanted thoughts followed by repetitive behaviors
  3. sudden onset of fever
  4. consistent forgetfulness
11 .
What therapeutic approach is commonly used in the treatment of OCD?
  1. art therapy
  2. electroconvulsive therapy
  3. cognitive behavioral therapy, including exposure and response prevention
  4. music therapy
12 .
When planning nursing care for an individual with OCD, what is an essential consideration?
  1. encouraging the client to suppress obsessions
  2. tailoring care to the client’s specific obsessions and compulsions
  3. avoiding any discussion of the client’s symptoms
  4. implementing a strict, unmodifiable daily routine
13 .
What is a symptom of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)?
  1. fear of heights
  2. excessive cleaning
  3. obsessive focus on perceived flaws in appearance
  4. compulsive shopping
14 .
What is one of the main challenges in dealing with a person who has a hoarding disorder?
  1. lack of physical symptoms
  2. resistance to treatment
  3. easily managed with medication
  4. quick recovery with therapy
15 .
How can trichotillomania be treated?
  1. physical exercise only
  2. cognitive behavioral therapy
  3. avoidance of hairbrushes
  4. daily vitamin intake
16 .
What is a nursing intervention for someone with excoriation?
  1. encouraging outdoor activities
  2. providing support for behavioral changes
  3. prescribing medication independently
  4. focusing on improving diet
17 .
When planning nursing care for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), what is essential?
  1. ignoring the trauma’s impact
  2. encouraging the client to forget the event
  3. understanding trauma’s impact and individualizing care
  4. using a one-size-fits-all approach
18 .
What is one treatment approach for acute stress disorder (ASD)?
  1. long-term psychoanalytic therapy
  2. short-term cognitive behavioral therapy
  3. solely relying on support groups
  4. immediate surgical intervention
19 .
What is one key issue in diagnosing and treating attachment disorders?
  1. overemphasis on genetic factors
  2. difficulty in identifying in adulthood
  3. early identification and intervention
  4. relying solely on self-reporting
20 .
What is the term for the feeling of detachment or being estranged from your surroundings?
  1. depersonalization
  2. deluded thinking
  3. derealization
  4. denial
21 .
What is the primary treatment modality for dissociative identity disorder?
  1. desensitization
  2. individual psychotherapy
  3. antipsychotic medication
  4. group therapy
22 .
Why are dissociative disorders thought to arise?
  1. They are part of the symptoms associated with delirium.
  2. The person is deluded.
  3. They are part of a personality disorder.
  4. They act as a psychological defense against trauma.

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