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acute stress disorder (ASD)
psychiatric condition that can occur in the aftermath of a traumatic event
heightened state of arousal and worry that may not always have a clear external cause
attachment disorders
group of psychiatric conditions resulting from a disruption in the normal attachment process between a child and a caregiver
attachment theory
theory that suggests early attachments have lasting effects
technique used to increase awareness of and control over some body functions
body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)
mental disorder in which a person is preoccupied with perceived defects or flaws in their appearance
repeated behavior or mental act that a person feels driven to complete in response to an obsession
alteration in the perception or experience of oneself, where an individual may feel detached or estranged from their thoughts, feelings, body, or actions
feeling of detachment or estrangement from one’s surroundings
exposure therapy that involves gradually exposing the individual to the feared stimulus or situation until they no longer experience anxiety in response to it
disinhibited social engagement disorder (DSED)
attachment disorder that makes it hard for children to form an emotional bond with others
dissociative amnesia
gaps in memory involving important personal information
dissociative disorder
group of mental conditions characterized by a disconnection between thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of identity
dissociative fugue
characterized by unexpected travel and amnesia regarding one’s identity
dissociative identity disorder
characterized by the presence of two or more distinct identity states that control an individual’s behavior, consciousness, and memory
psychiatric condition classified under the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders category that involves repetitive and compulsive picking at the skin, leading to tissue damage, scarring, and sometimes serious medical complications like infections
exposure and response prevention (ERP)
treatment for OCD that involves gradually exposing oneself to anxiety-provoking stimuli while simultaneously refraining from engaging in compulsion
generalized anxiety disorder
mental health condition characterized by persistent and excessive worry about everyday life events and activities
habit reversal training (HRT)
behavioral therapy technique primarily used for treating tic disorders and body-focused repetitive behaviors
hoarding disorder
mental health condition characterized by persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions
imaginal exposure
therapeutic approach that involves mentally confronting and engaging with a feared situation, traumatic memory, or anxiety-provoking thought in a safe and controlled environment
integrated functioning
process of synthesizing different aspects of a person’s identity, experience, and functioning into a cohesive and harmonious whole
repeated thought, urge, or mental image that causes anxiety
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
chronic mental health disorder in which obsessive thoughts lead to compulsive rituals
panic attack
sudden and intense episode of anxiety brought on by a real or perceived threat
panic disorder
reaction to stress that usually exhibits anxiety in the form of a panic attack
excessive and irrational fear of a specific object, situation, or activity that is typically harmless
reactive attachment disorder (RAD)
condition in which an infant or young child doesn’t establish healthy attachments with parents or caregivers
ability developed to adapt to difficult or challenging life experiences
body’s response to external pressures or threats, often resulting in physiological and emotional reactions
mental health disorder characterized by a chronic need to pull out one’s hair

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