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Principles of Management

Chapter Review Questions

Principles of ManagementChapter Review Questions

  1. Explain how several current environmental forces are affecting and will affect organizations and organizational structures’ effectiveness and efficiency in the near future?
  2. What are ways to classify and describe how industries and organizations fit and do not fit with their external environments?
  3. What are a few industries and/or organizations that are fitting well with their current environments? What are a few that are not? Why?
  4. What are some major differences between organic and mechanistic organizational structures and systems?
  5. Which organization would you work best in, an organically or mechanistically structured one, and why?
  6. What are some advantages and disadvantages of functional structures?
  7. Do you think it’s true that every organization has a hidden functional structure in it? Explain your answer.
  8. Why have functional structures been criticized for not accommodating new changes in the environment?
  9. What are some advantages and disadvantages of divisional structures?
  10. How is a product structure one type of a divisional structure? Explain.
  11. What are some disadvantages in working in a matrix structure and why?
  12. What advantages do matrix structures have compared to functional structures?
  13. What advantages do geographic structures have compared to a functional structure?
  14. What are issues that working in a networked team structure present?
  15. In what ways is a virtual organization and structure different from the other ones discussed in the chapter?
  16. What major trends discussed at the end of this chapter are different from previous external environments and the ways organizations were organized?
  17. What purposes does an organization’s culture serve when considering the external environment?
  18. How does Exhibit 4.16 facilitate an understanding of how the internal organization functions with external environments?
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