Short Answer
9.1 Work, Power, and the Workâ€“Energy Theorem

Raising an object to a higher elevation does work as it increases its PE; increasing the speed of an object does work as it increases its KE.

Raising an object to a higher elevation does work as it increases its KE; increasing the speed of an object does work as it increases its PE.

Raising an object to a higher elevation does work as it increases its PE; decreasing the speed of an object does work as it increases its KE.

Raising an object to a higher elevation does work as it increases its KE; decreasing the speed of an object does work as it increases its PE.
True or falseâ€”While riding a bicycle up a gentle hill, it is fairly easy to increase your potential energy, but to increase your kinetic energy would make you feel exhausted.
 True
 False
Which statement best explains why running on a track with constant speed at 3 m/s is not work, but climbing a mountain at 1 m/s is work?
 At constant speed, change in the kinetic energy is zero but climbing a mountain produces change in the potential energy.
 At constant speed, change in the potential energy is zero, but climbing a mountain produces change in the kinetic energy.
 At constant speed, change in the kinetic energy is finite, but climbing a mountain produces no change in the potential energy.
 At constant speed, change in the potential energy is finite, but climbing a mountain produces no change in the kinetic energy.

{v_1} is your speed at the top of the hill, and {v_2} is your speed at the bottom.

{v_1} is your speed at the bottom of the hill, and {v_2} is your speed at the top.

{v_1} is your displacement at the top of the hill, and {v_2} is your displacement at the bottom.

{v_1} is your displacement at the bottom of the hill, and {v_2} is your displacement at the top.
9.2 Mechanical Energy and Conservation of Energy
True or falseâ€”The formula for gravitational potential energy can be used to explain why joules, J, are equivalent to kg Ã— mg^{2} / s^{2} . Show your work.
 True
 False

Because kinetic energy is directly proportional to the square of the velocity.

Because kinetic energy is inversely proportional to the square of the velocity.

Because kinetic energy is directly proportional to the fourth power of the velocity.

Because kinetic energy is inversely proportional to the fourth power of the velocity.

When the coin hits the ground, the ground gains potential energy that quickly changes to thermal energy.

When the coin hits the ground, the ground gains kinetic energy that quickly changes to thermal energy.

When the coin hits the ground, the ground gains thermal energy that quickly changes to kinetic energy.

When the coin hits the ground, the ground gains thermal energy that quickly changes to potential energy.
True or falseâ€”A marble rolls down a slope from height h_{1} and up another slope to height h_{2}, where (h_{2} < h_{1}). The difference mg(h_{1} â€“ h_{2}) is equal to the heat lost due to the friction.
 True
 False
9.3 Simple Machines
Why would you expect the lever shown in the top image to have a greater efficiency than the inclined plane shown in the bottom image?
 The resistance arm is shorter in case of the inclined plane.
 The effort arm is shorter in case of the inclined plane.
 The area of contact is greater in case of the inclined plane.
Why is the wheel on a wheelbarrow not a simple machine in the same sense as the simple machine in the image?
 The wheel on the wheelbarrow has no fulcrum.
 The center of the axle is not the fulcrum for the wheels of a wheelbarrow.
 The wheelbarrow differs in the way in which load is attached to the axle.
 The wheelbarrow has less resistance force than a wheel and axle design.
A worker pulls down on one end of the rope of a pulley system with a force of 75 N to raise a hay bale tied to the other end of the rope. If she pulls the rope down 2.0 m and the bale raises 1.0 m, what else would you have to know to calculate the efficiency of the pulley system?
 the weight of the worker
 the weight of the hay bale
 the radius of the pulley
 the height of the pulley from ground
True or falseâ€”A boy pushed a box with a weight of 300 N up a ramp. He said that, because the ramp was 1.0 m high and 3.0 m long, he must have been pushing with force of exactly 100 N.
 True
 False