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Nutrition for Nurses

Review Questions

Nutrition for NursesReview Questions

1.
Amber County has issued a public health warning because arsenic was found in the drinking water. What is the safest way for community members to address this contamination?
  1. Obtain water from a neighboring county.
  2. Boil the water.
  3. Buy a water softener.
  4. Purchase bottled water.
2.
The nurse is assisting a client to calculate their daily caloric intake. How many calories per gram should the nurse advise the client to assign for water?
  1. 0
  2. 4
  3. 5
  4. 7
3.
The nurse is teaching the client about the Mediterranean diet. Which instruction will the nurse give the client?
  1. Decrease consumption of complex carbohydrates.
  2. Increase intake of fish.
  3. Avoid eating legumes.
  4. Increase intake of dairy products.
4.
Which instruction would the nurse give to a client who is lactose intolerant?
  1. Eat lactose-free dairy products.
  2. Drink milk in small amounts.
  3. Take a lactase enzyme after consuming a dairy product.
  4. Drink milk fortified with vitamin D.
5.
The nurse is teaching the client about dietary sources of omega-3 fatty acids. Which food source will the nurse include?
  1. Meat
  2. Poultry
  3. Vegetables
  4. Salmon
6.
The nurse is assessing a client who describes the color of their urine as pale yellow. Which statement would the nurse give to the client?
  1. “You probably have a urinary tract infection.”
  2. “You need to drink more fluids.”
  3. “You need to decrease your water intake.”
  4. “You are well hydrated.”
7.
The nurse instructs a client who has been following a vegetarian diet and has asked questions about the quality of protein in grains. After explaining about complete proteins that provide all of the essential amino acids in one food, the nurse presents the following list and asks the client to choose the one that is a complete protein. Which food choice, selected by the client, indicates to the nurse that the client understands the instruction?
  1. Oats
  2. Barley
  3. Soy
  4. Wheat
8.
Which food choice indicates to the nurse that a client understands postoperative dietary guidelines for gallbladder surgery?
  1. Fried grouper
  2. Ribeye steak
  3. Pasta with marinara sauce
  4. Green salad with cheese, ham cubes, and ranch dressing
9.
The nurse is providing dietary instruction to a team of college athletes. Which source of energy does the nurse explain is used first during exercise?
  1. Circulating glucose
  2. Stored glycogen
  3. Skeletal muscle
  4. Fat stores
10.
The nurse is caring for a client with stage 3 chronic kidney disease. What is the maximum protein intake for this client who weighs 75 kg?
  1. 40 g
  2. 45 g
  3. 50 g
  4. 55 g
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