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Spis treści
  1. Przedmowa
  2. 1 Wstęp do mikroekonomii
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 1.1 Czym jest ekonomia i dlaczego jest ona ważna?
    3. 1.2 Mikroekonomia i Makroekonomia
    4. 1.3 Jak ekonomiści wykorzystują teorie i modele do zrozumienia problemów ekonomicznych
    5. 1.4 Jak zorganizować gospodarkę: przegląd systemów gospodarczych
    6. Kluczowe pojęcia
    7. Podsumowanie
    8. Pytania sprawdzające
    9. Sprawdź wiedzę
    10. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
  3. 2 Wybory w świecie rzadkości zasobów
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 2.1 Jak ludzie dokonują wyborów w oparciu o ograniczenia budżetowe
    3. 2.2 Krzywa możliwości produkcyjnych i wybory społeczne
    4. 2.3 Konfrontacja z zastrzeżeniami do podejścia ekonomicznego
    5. Kluczowe pojęcia
    6. Podsumowanie
    7. Pytania sprawdzające
    8. Sprawdź wiedzę
    9. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
    10. Problemy
  4. 3 Popyt i podaż
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 3.1 Podaż, popyt i równowaga na rynku dóbr i usług
    3. 3.2 Pozacenowe determinanty popytu i podaży
    4. 3.3 Czteroetapowy proces zmiany ceny i ilości równowagi na rynku
    5. 3.4 Cena maksymalna i cena minimalna
    6. 3.5 Popyt, podaż i efektywność
    7. Kluczowe pojęcia
    8. Podsumowanie
    9. Pytania sprawdzające
    10. Sprawdź wiedzę
    11. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
    12. Problemy
  5. 4 Elastyczność
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 4.1 Elastyczność cenowa popytu i podaży
    3. 4.2 Skrajne przypadki elastyczności
    4. 4.3 Elastyczność a cena
    5. 4.4 Pozacenowe parametry elastyczności
    6. Kluczowe pojęcia
    7. Podsumowanie
    8. Pytania sprawdzające
    9. Sprawdź wiedzę
    10. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
    11. Problemy
  6. 5 Wybory konsumenta
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 5.1 Wybory konsumpcyjne
    3. 5.2 Jak zmiany dochodów wpływają na wybory konsumentów
    4. 5.3 Ekonomia behawioralna: inne podejście do wyborów konsumenckich
    5. Kluczowe pojęcia
    6. Podsumowanie
    7. Pytania sprawdzające
    8. Sprawdź wiedzę
    9. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
    10. Problemy
  7. 6 Teoria podaży, kosztów i struktur rynku
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 6.1 Koszty całkowite i księgowe, zysk księgowy i zysk ekonomiczny
    3. 6.2 Produkcja w krótkim okresie
    4. 6.3 Koszty w krótkim okresie
    5. 6.4 Produkcja w długim okresie
    6. 6.5 Koszty w długim okresie
    7. Kluczowe pojęcia
    8. Podsumowanie
    9. Pytania sprawdzające
    10. Sprawdź wiedzę
    11. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
    12. Problemy
  8. 7 Konkurencja doskonała
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 7.1 Specyfika konkurencji doskonałej jako struktury rynku
    3. 7.2 Jak przedsiębiorstwa doskonale konkurencyjne podejmują decyzje o produkcji
    4. 7.3 Decyzje o wejściu i wyjściu w długim okresie
    5. 7.4 Efektywność rynków doskonale konkurencyjnych
    6. Kluczowe pojęcia
    7. Podsumowanie
    8. Pytania sprawdzające
    9. Sprawdź wiedzę
    10. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
    11. Problemy
  9. 8 Monopol
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 8.1 Jak powstaje monopol: bariery wejścia
    3. 8.2 Jak maksymalizujący zyski monopol ustala produkcję i ceny
    4. Kluczowe pojęcia
    5. Podsumowanie
    6. Pytania sprawdzające
    7. Sprawdź wiedzę
    8. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
    9. Problemy
  10. 9 Konkurencja monopolistyczna i oligopol
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 9.1 Konkurencja monopolistyczna
    3. 9.2 Oligopol
    4. Kluczowe pojęcia
    5. Podsumowanie
    6. Pytania sprawdzające
    7. Sprawdź wiedzę
    8. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
    9. Problemy
  11. 10 Wprowadzenie do rynku czynników produkcji
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 10.1 Podaż i popyt na rynku pracy
    3. 10.2 Rynek pracy
    4. 10.3 Płace i zatrudnienie na niedoskonale konkurencyjnym rynku pracy
    5. 10.4 Dyskryminacja na rynku pracy
    6. 10.5 Popyt i podaż na rynku finansowym
    7. 10.6 System rynkowy jako efektywny mechanizm informacyjny
    8. Kluczowe pojęcia
    9. Podsumowanie
    10. Pytania sprawdzające
    11. Sprawdź wiedzę
    12. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
    13. Problemy
  12. 11 Zawodność rynku – państwo a biznes
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 11.1 Negatywne efekty zewnętrzne związane z problemem zanieczyszczenia środowiska
    3. 11.2 Publiczne sposoby rozwiązania problemu negatywnych efektów zewnętrznych
    4. 11.3 Prywatne sposoby rozwiązania problemu negatywnych efektów zewnętrznych
    5. 11.4 Dlaczego sektor prywatny nie inwestuje dostatecznych środków w innowacje
    6. 11.5 Dobra publiczne 
    7. 11.6 Fuzje przedsiębiorstw
    8. 11.7 Regulacje monopolu naturalnego
    9. 11.8 Problem niedoskonałej informacji i asymetrii informacji
    10. Kluczowe pojęcia
    11. Podsumowanie
    12. Pytania sprawdzające
    13. Sprawdź wiedzę
    14. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
    15. Problemy
  13. 12 Wpływ zmian klimatu na rozwój przedsiębiorstw
    1. Wprowadzenie do rozdziału
    2. 12.1 Zmiany klimatu i ich negatywne konsekwencje
    3. 12.2 Sposoby reakcji na zagrożenia związane z ryzykiem klimatycznym
    4. 12.3 Zrównoważony ład korporacyjny i ESG
    5. Kluczowe pojęcia
    6. Podsumowanie
    7. Pytania sprawdzające
    8. Sprawdź wiedzę
    9. Ćwicz myślenie krytyczne
  14. A Matematyka zastosowana w tym podręczniku
  15. B Krzywe obojętności
  16. C Wartość zaktualizowana
  17. Rozwiązania zadań
    1. Rozdział 1
    2. Rozdział 2
    3. Rozdział 3
    4. Rozdział 4
    5. Rozdział 5
    6. Rozdział 6
    7. Rozdział 7
    8. Rozdział 8
    9. Rozdział 9
    10. Rozdział 10
    11. Rozdział 11
    12. Rozdział 12
  18. Bibliografia
  19. Skorowidz nazwisk
  20. Skorowidz rzeczowy
  21. Skorowidz terminów obcojęzycznych

Wstęp do mikroekonomii

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. 2015. "The Employment Situation—February 2015." Dostęp: 27 marca 2015. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/empsit.pdf.

Williamson, Lisa. “US Labor Market in 2012.” Bureau of Labor Statistics. Dostęp 1 grudnia 2013. http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2013/03/art1full.pdf.

The Heritage Foundation. 2015. "2015 Index of Economic Freedom." Dostęp: 11 marca 2015. http://www.heritage.org/index/ranking.

Garling, Caleb. “S.F. plane crash: Reporting, emotions on social media,” The San Francisco Chronicle. 7 lipca 2013. http://www.sfgate.com/news/article/S-F-plane-crash-Reporting-emotions-on-social-4651639.php.

Irvine, Jessica. “Social Networking Sites are Factories of Modern Ideas.” The Sydney Morning Herald. 25 listopada, 2011.http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/society-and-culture/social-networking-sites-are-factories-of-modern-ideas-20111124-1nwy3.html#ixzz2YZhPYeME.

Pew Research Center. 2015. "Social Networking Fact Sheet." Dostęp: 11 marca, 2015. http://www.pewinternet.org/fact-sheets/social-networking-fact-sheet/.

The World Bank Group. 2015. "World Data Bank." Dostęp: 30 marca, 2014. http://databank.worldbank.org/data/.

Wybory w świecie rzadkości zasobów

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. 2015. “Median Weekly Earnings by Educational Attainment in 2014.” Dostęp: 27 marca, 2015. http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2015/median-weekly-earnings-by-education-gender-race-and-ethnicity-in-2014.htm.

Robbins, Lionel. An Essay on the Nature and Significance of Economic Science. London: Macmillan. 1932.

United States Department of Transportation. “Total Passengers on U.S Airlines and Foreign Airlines U.S. Flights Increased 1.3% in 2012 from 2011.” Dostęp: Październik 2013. http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/press_releases/bts016_13

Smith, Adam. “Of Restraints upon the Importation from Foreign Countries.” In The Wealth of Nations. London: Methuen & Co., 1904, first pub 1776), I.V. 2.9.

Smith, Adam. “Of the Propriety of Action.” In The Theory of Moral Sentiments. London: A. Millar, 1759, 1.

Popyt i podaż

Costanza, Robert, and Lisa Wainger. “No Accounting For Nature: How Conventional Economics Distorts the Value of Things.” The Washington Post. September 2, 1990.

European Commission: Agriculture and Rural Development. 2013. "Overview of the CAP Reform: 2014-2024." Accessed April 13, 205. http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/cap-post-2013/.

Radford, R. A. “The Economic Organisation of a P.O.W. Camp.” Economica. no. 48 (1945): 189-201. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2550133.

Landsburg, Steven E. The Armchair Economist: Economics and Everyday Life. New York: The Free Press. 2012. specifically Section IV: How Markets Work.

National Chicken Council. 2015. "Per Capita Consumption of Poultry and Livestock, 1965 to Estimated 2015, in Pounds." Accessed April 13, 2015. https://www.nationalchickencouncil.org/about-the-industry/statistics/per-capita-consumption-of-poultry-and-livestock-1965-to-estimated-2012-in-pounds/.

Wessel, David. “Saudi Arabia Fears $40-a-Barrel Oil, Too.” The Wall Street Journal. May 27, 2004, p. 42. https://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB108561000087822300.

Pew Research Center. “Pew Research: Center for the People & the Press.” http://www.people-press.org/.

Elastyczność

Abkowitz, A. “How Netflix got started: Netflix founder and CEO Reed Hastings tells Fortune how he got the idea for the DVD-by-mail service that now has more than eight million customers.CNN Money. Last Modified January 28, 2009. http://archive.fortune.com/2009/01/27/news/newsmakers/hastings_netflix.fortune/index.htm.

Associated Press (a). ”Analyst: Coinstar gains from Netflix pricing moves.”Boston Globe Media Partners, LLC. Accessed June 24, 2013. http://www.boston.com/business/articles/2011/10/12/analyst_coinstar_gains_from_netflix_pricing_moves/.

Associated Press (b). “Netflix loses 800,000 US subscribers in tough 3Q.”ABC Inc. Accessed June 24, 2013. http://abclocal.go.com/wpvi/story?section=news/business&id=8403368

Baumgardner, James. 2014. “Presentation on Raising the Excise Tax on Cigarettes: Effects on Health and the Federal Budget.” Congressional Budget Office. Accessed March 27, 2015. http://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/45214-ICA_Presentation.pdf.

Funding Universe. 2015. “Netflix, Inc. History.” Accessed March 11, 2015. http://www.fundinguniverse.com/company-histories/netflix-inc-history/.

Laporte, Nicole. “A tale of two Netflix.”Fast Company177 (July 2013) 31-32. Accessed December 3 2013. http://www.fastcompany-digital.com/fastcompany/20130708?pg=33#pg33

Liedtke, Michael, The Associated Press. “Investors bash Netflix stock after slower growth forecast - fee hikes expected to take toll on subscribers most likely to shun costly bundled Net, DVD service.”The Seattle Times. Accessed June 24, 2013 from NewsBank on-line database (Access World News).

Netflix, Inc. 2013. “A Quick Update On Our Streaming Plans And Prices.” Netflix (blog). Accessed March 11, 2015. http://blog.netflix.com/2014/05/a-quick-update-on-our-streaming-plans.html.

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECC). n.d. “Average annual hours actually worked per worker.” Accessed March 11, 2015. https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=ANHRS.

Savitz, Eric. “Netflix Warns DVD Subs Eroding; Q4 View Weak; Losses Ahead; Shrs Plunge.”Forbes.com, 2011. Accessed December 3, 2013. http://www.forbes.com/sites/ericsavitz/2011/10/24/netflix-q3-top-ests-but-shares-hit-by-weak-q4-outlook/.

Statistica.com. 2014. “Coffee Export Volumes Worldwide in November 2014, by Leading Countries (in 60-kilo sacks).” Accessed March 27, 2015. http://www.statista.com/statistics/268135/ranking-of-coffee-exporting-countries/.

Stone, Marcie. “Netflix responds to customers angry with price hike; Netflix stock falls 9%.”News & Politics Examiner, 2011. Clarity Digital Group. Accessed June 24, 2013. http://www.examiner.com/article/netflix-responds-to-customers-angry-with-price-hike-netflix-stock-falls-9.

Weinman, J. (2012). Die hard, hardly dying. Maclean's, 125(18), 44.

The World Bank Group. 2015. “Gross Savings (% of GDP).” Accessed March 11, 2015. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GNS.ICTR.ZS.

Yahoo Finance. Retrieved from http://finance.yahoo.com/q?s=NFLX

Wybory konsumenta

GUS, Sytuacja gospodarstw domowych w 2020 r. w świetle badania budżetów gospodarstw domowych, link do raportu https://stat.gov.pl/obszary-tematyczne/warunki-zycia/dochody-wydatki-i-warunki-zycia-ludnosci/sytuacja-gospodarstw-domowych-w-2020-r-w-swietle-badania-budzetow-gospodarstw-domowych,3,20.html

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2015. “Consumer Expenditures in 2013.” Accessed March 11, 2015. http://www.bls.gov/cex/csxann13.pdf.

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2015. “Employer Costs for Employee Compensation—December 2014.” Accessed March 11, 2015. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/ecec.pdf.

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2015. “Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey.” Accessed March 11, 2015. http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsaat22.htm.

Holden, Sarah, and Daniel Schrass. 2012. “The rose of IRAs in U.S Households’ Saving for Retirement, 2012.” ICI Research Perspective 18.8 (2012). http://www.ici.org/pdf/per18-08.pdf.

Kahneman, Daniel and Amos Tversky. “Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk.” Econometrica 47.2 (March 1979) 263-291.

Thaler, Richard H. “Shifting Our Retirement Savings into Automatic.” The New York Times, April 6, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/07/business/an-automatic-solution-for-the-retirement-savings-problem.html?pagewanted=all.

UNESCO Institute for Statistics. “Statistics in Brief / Profiles” Accessed August 2013. http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/TableViewer/document.aspx?ReportId=121 &IF_Language=en&BR_Country=5580.

Teoria podaży, kosztów i struktur rynku

2010 U.S. Census. www.census.gov.

American Community Survey. 2012. "School Enrollment and Work Status: 2011." Accessed April 13, 2015. http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/acsbr11-14.pdf.

National Center for Educational Statistics. “Digest of Education Statistics.” (2008 and 2010). Accessed December 11, 2013. nces.ed.gov.

CreditCards.com. 2013. http://www.creditcards.com/credit-card-news/credit-card-industry-facts-personal-debt-statistics-1276.php.

AFL-CIO. “Training and Apprenticeships.” http://www.aflcio.org/Learn-About-Unions/Training-and-Apprenticeships.

Central Intelligence Agency. “The World Factbook.” https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.

Clark, John Bates. Essentials of Economic Theory: As Applied to Modern Problems of Industry and Public Policy. New York: A. M. Kelley, 1907, 501.

United Auto Workers (UAW). “About: Who We Are.” http://www.uaw.org/page/who-we-are.

United States Department of Labor: Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Economic News Release: Union Members Summary.” Last modified January 23, 2013. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/union2.nr0.htm.

United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2015. “Economic News; Union Members Summary.” Accessed April 13, 2015. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/union2.nr0.htm.

Clune, Michael S. “The Fiscal Impacts of Immigrants: A California Case Study.” In The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration, edited by James P. Smith and Barry Edmonston. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1998, 120–182. http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=5985&page=120.

Smith, James P. “Immigration Reform.” Rand Corporation: Rand Review. http://www.rand.org/pubs/periodicals/rand-review/issues/2012/fall/leadership/immigration-reform.html.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security: Office of Immigration Statistics. “2011 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics.” September 2012. http://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/immigration-statistics/yearbook/2011/ois_yb_2011.pdf.

Anderson, Deborah J., Melissa Binder, and Kate Krause. “The Motherhood Wage Penalty Revisited: Experience, Heterogeneity, Work Effort, and Work-Schedule Flexibility.” Industrial and Labor Relations Review. no. 2 (2003): 273–294. http://www2.econ.iastate.edu/classes/econ321/orazem/anderson_motherhood-penalty.pdf.

Turner, Margery Austin, Rob Santos, Diane K. Levy, Doug Wissoker, Claudia Aranda, Rob Pitingolo, and The Urban Institute. “Housing Discrimination Against Racial and Ethnic Minorities 2012.” U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Last modified June 2013. http://www.huduser.org/Publications/pdf/HUD-514_HDS2012.pdf.

Austin, Algernon. “The Unfinished March: An Overview.” Economic Policy Institute. Last modified June 18, 2013. http://www.epi.org/publication/unfinished-march-overview/.

Bertrand, Marianne, and Sendhil Mullainathan. “Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination.” American Economic Review. no. 4 (2004): 991-1013. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/0002828042002561&fnd=s.

Blau, Francine D., and Laurence M. Kahn. “The Gender Pay Gap: Have Women Gone as Far as They Can?” Academy of Management Perspectives. no. 1 (2007): 7–23. 10.5465/AMP.2007.24286161.

Card, David, and Alan B. Kruger. “Trends in Relative Black–White Earnings Revisited (Working Paper #310).” Princeton University and the National Bureau of Economic Research. December 1992. http://harris.princeton.edu/pubs/pdfs/310.pdf.

Donovan, Theresa. Jurist. “Federal Judge Rejects Class Status in Wal-Mart Discrimination Suit.” Last modified August 5, 2013. http://jurist.org/paperchase/2013/08/federal-judge-rejects-class-status-in-wal-mart-discrimination-suit.php.

Harris, Elizabeth A. “Labor Panel Finds Illegal Punishments at Walmart.” The New York Times, November 18, 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/19/business/labor-panel-finds-illegal-punishments-at-walmart.html?_r=1&.

Kolesnikova, Natalia A., and Yang Liu. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis: The Regional Economist. “Gender Wage Gap May Be Much Smaller Than Most Think.” Last modified October 2011. http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/re/articles/?id=2160.

Podmolik, Mary Ellen. “HUD Finds Housing Discrimination ‘Hidden’ But Prevalent.” Chicago Tribune: Business, June 12, 2013. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2013-06-12/business/ct-biz-0612-housing-discrimination-20130612_1_renters-testers-chicago-area.

Spreen, Thomas Luke. United States Department of Labor: Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Recent College Graduates in the U.S. Labor Force: Data from the Current Population Survey.” Monthly Labor Review (February, 2013). http://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2013/02/art1full.pdf .

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: BLS Reports. 2014. “Women in the Labor Force: A Databook (Report 1052).” Accessed April 13, 2015. http://www.bls.gov/opub/reports/cps/women-in-the-labor-force-a-databook-2014.pdf.

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, “Walmart to Pay More than $11.7 Million to Settle EEOC Sex Discrimination Suit.” Last modified March 1, 2010. http://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/newsroom/release/3-1-10.cfm.

United States Census Bureau. 2014. “Table 1. Educational Attainment of the Population 18 Years and Over, by Age, Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 2014.” Accessed April 13, 2015. http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/2014/tables.html.

United States Department of Labor: Bureau of Labor Statistics. “News Release: Usual Weekly Earnings of Wage and Salary Workers (Third Quarter 2013).” November 1, 2013. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/wkyeng.pdf.

Warner, Judith. 2014. “Fact Sheet: The Women’s Leadership Gap: Women’s Leadership by the Numbers.” Center for American Progress. Accessed March 16, 2015. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/women/report/2014/03/07/85457/fact-sheet-the-womens-leadership-gap/.

Weinberger, Catherine J., and Lois Joy. “The Relative Earnings of Black College Graduates, 1980–2001.” In Race and Economic Opportunity in the 21st Century, edited by Marlene Kim. New York: Routledge, 2007. http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/~weinberg/grads.pdf.

Konkurencja doskonała

Index Mundi. n.d. “Wheat Monthly Price—U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton.” Accessed March 11, 2015. http://www.indexmundi.com/commodities/?commodity=wheat.

Knutson, J. “Wheat on the Defensive in the Northern Plains.” Agweek, Associated Press State Wire: North Dakota (ND). April 14, 2013.

SBA Office of Advocacy. 2014. “Frequently Asked Questions: Advocacy: the voice of small business in government.” Accessed March 11, 2015. https://www.sba.gov/sites/default/files/advocacy/FAQ_March_2014_0.pdf.

Monopol

Aboukhadijeh, Feross. “Chapter 20: Girding for War – The North and the South, 1861-1865.” StudyNotes, Inc. Accessed July 7, 2013. http://www.apstudynotes.org/us-history/outlines/chapter-20-girding-for-war-the-north-and-the-south-1861-1865/.

British Parliament. “(28 August 1833). Slavery Abolition Act 1833; Section LXIV.” Accessed July 2013. http://www.pdavis.nl/Legis_07.htm.

Dattel, E. (nd). "Cotton and the Civil War." Mississippi Historical Society. Accessed July 2013. http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/articles/291/cotton-and-the-civil-war.

Gartner. 2015. “Gartner Says Tablet Sales Continue to Be Slow in 2015.” Accessed March 12, 2015. http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2954317.

Grogan, David. 2015. “Federal Judge Finds AmEx’s Anti-Steering Rule Violates Antitrust Law.” American Booksellers Association. Accessed March 12, 2015. http://www.bookweb.org/news/federal-judge-finds-amex%E2%80%99s-anti-steering-rule-violates-antitrust-law.

Massachusetts Historical Society. “The Coming of the American Revolution 1764-1776: The Boston Tea Party.” Retrieved from http://www.masshist.org/revolution/teaparty.php.

Massachusetts Historical Society. “Whereas our Nation.” The Massachusetts Gazette, p. 2. Accessed July 2013 http://www.masshist.org/revolution/image-viewer.php?old=1&item_id=457&img_step=1&nmask=1&mode=large.

Pelegrin, William. 2015. “Judge Overrules Antitrust Case Against Google, Says Setting Default Search Engines Is Fair.” Digital Trends. Accessed March 12, 2015. http://www.digitaltrends.com/mobile/judge-tosses-out-google-antitrust-lawsuit/.

Konkurencja monopolistyczna i oligopol

The United States Department of Justice. „Antitrust Division.” Accessed October 17, 2013. http://www.justice.gov/atr/.

eMarketer.com. 2014. „Total US Ad Spending to See Largest Increase Since 2004: Mobile advertising leads growth; will surpass radio, magazines and newspapers this year. Accessed March 12, 2015. http://www.emarketer.com/Article/Total-US-Ad-Spending-See-Largest-Increase-Since-2004/1010982.

Federal Trade Commission. „About the Federal Trade Commission.” Accessed October 17, 2013. http://www.ftc.gov/ftc/about.shtm.

Kantar Media. “Our Insights: Infographic—U.S. Advertising Year End Trends Report 2012.” Accessed October 17, 2013. http://kantarmedia.us/insight-center/reports/infographic-us-advertising-year-end-trends-report-2012.

Statistica.com. 2015. “Number of Restaurants in the United States from 2011 to 2014.” Accessed March 27, 2015. http://www.statista.com/statistics/244616/number-of-qsr-fsr-chain-independent-restaurants-in-the-us/.

Federal Trade Commission. “About the Federal Trade Commission.” Accessed October 17, 2013. http://www.ftc.gov/ftc/about.shtm.

Wprowadzenie do rynku czynników produkcji

American Community Survey. 2012. "School Enrollment and Work Status: 2011." Accessed April 13, 2015. http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/acsbr11-14.pdf.

National Center for Educational Statistics. “Digest of Education Statistics.” (2008 and 2010). Accessed December 11, 2013. nces.ed.gov.

AFL-CIO. “Training and Apprenticeships.” http://www.aflcio.org/Learn-About-Unions/Training-and-Apprenticeships.

Central Intelligence Agency. “The World Factbook”. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html.

Clark, John Bates. Essentials of Economic Theory: As Applied to Modern Problems of Industry and Public Policy. New York: A. M. Kelley, 1907, 501.

United Auto Workers (UAW). “About: Who We Are.” http://www.uaw.org/page/who-we-are.

United States Department of Labor: Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Economic News Release: Union Members Summary.” Last modified January 23, 2013. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/union2.nr0.htm.

United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2015. “Economic News; Union Members Summary.” Accessed April 13, 2015. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/union2.nr0.htm.

CreditCards.com. 2013. http://www.creditcards.com/credit-card-news/credit-card-industry-facts-personal-debt-statistics-1276.php.

Zawodność rynku – państwo a biznes

Johnson, Oscar William. “Back on Track: Earth Day Success Story; The Chattanooga Choo-Choo No Longer Spews Foul Air.” Sports Illustrated. April 30, 1990. http://www.si.com/vault/1990/04/30/121923/back-on-track-earth-day-success-story-the-chattanooga-choo-choo-no-longer-spews-foul-air.

U.S. Energy Information Administration. “Total Energy: Monthly Energy Review.” U.S. Department of Energy. Accessed December 19, 2013. http://www.eia.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/.

Environmental Protection Agency. “2006 Pay-As-You-Throw Programs.” Accessed December 20, 2013. http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/tools/payt/states/06comm.htm.

Arias, Omar and Walter W. McMahon. “Dynamic Rates of Return to Education in the U.S.” Economics of Education Review. 20, 2001. 121–138.

Biography.com. 2015. “Alan Turing.” Accessed April 1, 2015. http://www.biography.com/people/alan-turing-9512017.

Canty Media. 2015. “The World: Life Expectancy (2015) – Top 100+.” Accessed April 1, 2015. http://www.geoba.se/population.php?pc=world&type=15.

Hyclak, Thomas, Geraint Johnes, and Robert Thornton. Fundamentals of Labor Economics. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2005.

McMahon, Walter. Education and Development: Measuring the Social Benefits. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

National Institute of Health. 2015. “Global Competitiveness – The Importance of U.S. Leadership in Science and Innovation for the Future of Our Economy and Our Health.” Accessed April 1, 2015. http://www.nih.gov/about/impact/impact_global.pdf.

National Science Foundation. 2013. “U.S. R&D Spending Resumes Growth in 2010 and 2011 but Still Lags Behind the Pace of Expansion of the National Economy.” Accessed April 1, 2015. http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/infbrief/nsf13313/.

Psacharopoulos, George. “Returns to Investment in Education: A Global Update.” World Development 22, 1994. 1325–1343.

Salientes-Narisma, Corrie. “Samsung Shift to Innovative Devices Pay Off.” Inquirer Technology. Accessed May 15, 2013. http://technology.inquirer.net/23831/samsungs-shift-to-innovative-devices-pays-off.

Cowen, Tyler. Average Is Over: Powering America Beyond the Age of the Great Stagnation. Dutton Adult, 2013.

Hardin, Garret. “The Tragedy of the Commons.” Science 162 (3859): 1243–48 (1968).

Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. 2015. “Policy Basics: Where Do Our Federal Tax Dollars Go?” Accessed April 1, 2015. http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=1258.

Consumer Reports. “Consumer Reports.org.” http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/index.htm.

Federal Trade Commission. “About the Federal Trade Commission.” Last modified October 17, 2013. http://www.ftc.gov/ftc/about.shtm.

Huffington Post. 2015. “HUFFPOLLSTER: Poll Shows Uptick In Obamacare Favorable Rating.” Accessed April 1, 2015. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/03/19/affordable-care-act-fav_n_6900938.html.

Kahneman, Daniel, and Amos Tversky. “Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk.” Econometrica. 47, no. 2 (1979): 263-291. http://www.princeton.edu/~kahneman/docs/Publications/prospect_theory.pdf.

Rasmussen Reports, LLC. “Rasmussen Reports.” http://www.rasmussenreports.com/.

Wpływ zmian klimatu na rozwój przedsiębiorstw

„2019–20 Australian bushfires—frequently asked questions: a quick guide”, 2019. https://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/rp/rp1920/Quick_Guides/AustralianBushfires.

Rzeczpospolita. „2021 rok był piątym najcieplejszym rokiem w historii”, 12 styczeń 2022. https://klimat.rp.pl/planeta/art19279221-2021-rok-byl-piatym-najcieplejszym-rokiem-w-historii.

„Agricultural Risk Management in the face of climate change”. Agriculture Global Practice Discussion Paper. The World Bank Group, październik 2015. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/22897.

Arriagada Borchers, Nicolas, Andrew J Palmer, David M J S Bowman, Geoffrey G Morgan, Bin B Jalaludin, i Fay H Johnston. „Unprecedented smoke- related health burden associated with the 2019–20 bushfires in eastern Australia”. The Medical journal of Australia 213, nr 6 (2020): 282–83. https://doi.org/10.5694/mja2.50545.

Eckstein, D., Künzel, V., Schäfer, L. „Global Climate Risk Index 2021”. www.germanwatch.org/en/cri

Blake, Eric S., i Ethan J. Gibney. „Deadliest, Costliest, and Most Intense United States Tropical Cyclones from1851 to 2010”. Technical Memorandum. Florida: National Weather Service National Hurricane Center, sierpień 2011.

„BP boosts its renewables business in the US with 9GW solar acquisition from 7X Energy”. BP, 1 czerwiec 2021. https://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/news-and-insights/press-releases/bp-boosts-its-renewables-business-in-the-us-with-9gw-solar-acquisition-from-7x-energy.html.

Kim, Kyungbok, i Sang-Myung Lee. „Does Sustainability Affect Corporate Performance and Economic Development? Evidence from the Asia-Pacific Region and North America”. Sustainability 10, nr 4 (21 marzec 2018): 909. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10040909.

Morenne, Benoit, i Kevin Hand. „How Skiing Can Survive Climate Change”. The Wall Street Journal, 10 luty 2020. https://www.wsj.com/articles/how-skiing-can-survive-climate-change-11612969209.

Naumann, Gustavo, Carmelo Cammalleri, Lorenzo Mentaschi, i Luc Feyen. „Increased Economic Drought Impacts in Europe with Anthropogenic Warming”. Nature Climate Change 11, nr 6 (czerwiec 2021): 485–91. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-021-01044-3.

„Special Climate Statement 71 — severe fire weather conditions in southeast Queensland and northeast New South Wales in September 2019”. Australian Government Bureau of Meteorology, 2019. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/current/statements/scs71.pdf.

Wajer, Jarosław, i Marcin Gul. „Biznes dla klimatu. Raport o zmianie priorytetów”. EY i ING, września 2021. https://www.ey.com/pl_pl/climate-change-sustainability-services/raport-ey-ing-biznes-dla-klimatu.

Weaver, David. „Can Sustainable Tourism Survive Climate Change?” Journal of Sustainable Tourism 19, nr 1 (styczeń 2011): 5–15. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2010.536242.

Wobus, Cameron, Eric E. Small, Heather Hosterman, David Mills, Justin Stein, Matthew Rissing, Russell Jones, i in. „Projected Climate Change Impacts on Skiing and Snowmobiling: A Case Study of the United States”. Global Environmental Change 45 (lipiec 2017): 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.04.006.

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