Intermediate Algebra

# Review Exercises

Intermediate AlgebraReview Exercises

### Review Exercises

##### Sequences

Write the First Few Terms of a Sequence

In the following exercises, write the first five terms of the sequence whose general term is given.

240.

$an=7n−5an=7n−5$

241.

$an=3n+4an=3n+4$

242.

$an=2n+nan=2n+n$

243.

$an=2n+14nan=2n+14n$

244.

$an=(−1)nn2an=(−1)nn2$

Find a Formula for the General Term (nth Term) of a Sequence

In the following exercises, find a general term for the sequence whose first five terms are shown.

245.

$9,18,27,36,45,…9,18,27,36,45,…$

246.

$−5,−4,−3,−2,−1,…−5,−4,−3,−2,−1,…$

247.

$1e3,1e2,1e,1,e,…1e3,1e2,1e,1,e,…$

248.

$1,−8,27,−64,125,…1,−8,27,−64,125,…$

249.

$−13,−12,−35,−23,−57,…−13,−12,−35,−23,−57,…$

Use Factorial Notation

In the following exercises, using factorial notation, write the first five terms of the sequence whose general term is given.

250.

$an=4n!an=4n!$

251.

$an=n!(n+2)!an=n!(n+2)!$

252.

$an=(n−1)!(n+1)2an=(n−1)!(n+1)2$

Find the Partial Sum

In the following exercises, expand the partial sum and find its value.

253.

$∑i=17(2i−5)∑i=17(2i−5)$

254.

$∑i=135i∑i=135i$

255.

$∑k=044k!∑k=044k!$

256.

$∑k=14(k+1)(2k+1)∑k=14(k+1)(2k+1)$

Use Summation Notation to write a Sum

In the following exercises, write each sum using summation notation.

257.

$−13+19−127+181−1243−13+19−127+181−1243$

258.

$4−8+12−16+20−244−8+12−16+20−24$

259.

$4+2+43+1+454+2+43+1+45$

##### Arithmetic Sequences

Determine if a Sequence is Arithmetic

In the following exercises, determine if each sequence is arithmetic, and if so, indicate the common difference.

260.

$1,2,4,8,16,32,…1,2,4,8,16,32,…$

261.

$−7,−1,5,11,17,23,…−7,−1,5,11,17,23,…$

262.

$13,9,5,1,−3,−7,…13,9,5,1,−3,−7,…$

In the following exercises, write the first five terms of each arithmetic sequence with the given first term and common difference.

263.

$a1=5a1=5$ and $d=3d=3$

264.

$a1=8a1=8$ and $d=−2d=−2$

265.

$a1=−13a1=−13$ and $d=6d=6$

Find the General Term (nth Term) of an Arithmetic Sequence

In the following exercises, find the term described using the information provided.

266.

Find the twenty-fifth term of a sequence where the first term is five and the common difference is three.

267.

Find the thirtieth term of a sequence where the first term is 16 and the common difference is $−5.−5.$

268.

Find the seventeenth term of a sequence where the first term is $−21−21$ and the common difference is two.

In the following exercises, find the indicated term and give the formula for the general term.

269.

Find the eighteenth term of a sequence where the fifth term is $1212$ and the common difference is seven.

270.

Find the twenty-first term of a sequence where the seventh term is $1414$ and the common difference is $−3.−3.$

In the following exercises, find the first term and common difference of the sequence with the given terms. Give the formula for the general term.

271.

The fifth term is 17 and the fourteenth term is 53.

272.

The third term is $−26−26$ and the sixteenth term is $−91.−91.$.

Find the Sum of the First n Terms of an Arithmetic Sequence

In the following exercises, find the sum of the first 30 terms of each arithmetic sequence.

273.

$7,4,1,−2,−5,…7,4,1,−2,−5,…$

274.

$1,6,11,16,21,…1,6,11,16,21,…$

In the following exercises, find the sum of the first fifteen terms of the arithmetic sequence whose general term is given.

275.

$an=4n+7an=4n+7$

276.

$an=−2n+19an=−2n+19$

In the following exercises, find each sum.

277.

$∑i=150(4i−5)∑i=150(4i−5)$

278.

$∑i=130(−3i−7)∑i=130(−3i−7)$

279.

$∑i=135(i+10)∑i=135(i+10)$

##### Geometric Sequences and Series

Determine if a Sequence is Geometric

In the following exercises, determine if the sequence is geometric, and if so, indicate the common ratio.

280.

$3,12,48,192,768,3072,…3,12,48,192,768,3072,…$

281.

$5,10,15,20,25,30,…5,10,15,20,25,30,…$

282.

$112,56,28,14,7,72,…112,56,28,14,7,72,…$

283.

$9,−18,36,−72,144,−288,…9,−18,36,−72,144,−288,…$

In the following exercises, write the first five terms of each geometric sequence with the given first term and common ratio.

284.

$a1=−3a1=−3$ and $r=5r=5$

285.

$a1=128a1=128$ and $r=14r=14$

286.

$a1=5a1=5$ and $r=−3r=−3$

Find the General Term (nth Term) of a Geometric Sequence

In the following exercises, find the indicated term of a sequence where the first term and the common ratio is given.

287.

Find $a9a9$ given $a1=6a1=6$ and $r=2.r=2.$

288.

Find $a11a11$ given $a1=10,000,000a1=10,000,000$ and $r=0.1.r=0.1.$

In the following exercises, find the indicated term of the given sequence. Find the general term of the sequence.

289.

Find $a12a12$ of the sequence, $6,−24,96,−384,1536,−6144,…6,−24,96,−384,1536,−6144,…$

290.

Find $a9a9$ of the sequence, $4374,1458,486,162,54,18,…4374,1458,486,162,54,18,…$

Find the Sum of the First n terms of a Geometric Sequence

In the following exercises, find the sum of the first fifteen terms of each geometric sequence.

291.

$−4,8,−16,32,−64,128…−4,8,−16,32,−64,128…$

292.

$3,12,48,192,768,3072…3,12,48,192,768,3072…$

293.

$3125,625,125,25,5,1…3125,625,125,25,5,1…$

In the following exercises, find the sum

294.

$∑i=187(3)i∑i=187(3)i$

295.

$∑i=1624(12)i∑i=1624(12)i$

Find the Sum of an Infinite Geometric Series

In the following exercises, find the sum of each infinite geometric series.

296.

$1−13+19−127+181−1243+1729−…1−13+19−127+181−1243+1729−…$

297.

$49+7+1+17+149+1343+…49+7+1+17+149+1343+…$

In the following exercises, write each repeating decimal as a fraction.

298.

$0.8–0.8–$

299.

$0.36—0.36—$

Apply Geometric Sequences and Series in the Real World

In the following exercises, solve the problem.

300.

What is the total effect on the economy of a government tax rebate of $360360$ to each household in order to stimulate the economy if each household will spend $60%60%$ of the rebate in goods and services?

301.

Adam just got his first full-time job after graduating from high school at age 17. He decided to invest $300300$ per month in an IRA (an annuity). The interest on the annuity is $7%7%$ which is compounded monthly. How much will be in Adam’s account when he retires at his sixty-seventh birthday?

##### Binomial Theorem

Use Pascal’s Triangle to Expand a Binomial

In the following exercises, expand each binomial using Pascal’s Triangle.

302.

$(a+b)7(a+b)7$

303.

$(x−y)4(x−y)4$

304.

$(x+6)3(x+6)3$

305.

$(2y−3)5(2y−3)5$

306.

$(7x+2y)3(7x+2y)3$

Evaluate a Binomial Coefficient

In the following exercises, evaluate.

307.

$(111)(111)$
$(1212)(1212)$
$(130)(130)$
$(83)(83)$

308.

$(71)(71)$
$(55)(55)$
$(90)(90)$
$(95)(95)$

309.

$(11)(11)$
$(1515)(1515)$
$(40)(40)$
$(112)(112)$

Use the Binomial Theorem to Expand a Binomial

In the following exercises, expand each binomial, using the Binomial Theorem.

310.

$(p+q)6(p+q)6$

311.

$(t−1)9(t−1)9$

312.

$(2x+1)4(2x+1)4$

313.

$(4x+3y)4(4x+3y)4$

314.

$(x−3y)5(x−3y)5$

In the following exercises, find the indicated term in the expansion of the binomial.

315.

Seventh term of $(a+b)9(a+b)9$

316.

Third term of $(x−y)7(x−y)7$

In the following exercises, find the coefficient of the indicated term in the expansion of the binomial.

317.

$y4y4$ term of $(y+3)6(y+3)6$

318.

$x5x5$ term of $(x−2)8(x−2)8$

319.

$a3b4a3b4$ term of $(2a+b)7(2a+b)7$

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