Check Your Understanding Questions
How did the principles of the Scientific Revolution influence the Enlightenment?
What were some of the global foundations of the Enlightenment?
What did the concept of natural rights mean to John Locke?
What was the general will, according to Rousseau, and what role did he believe it should play in government?
How did Burke and Bentham each disagree with Locke and other philosophers about the concept of natural rights?
What was the relationship between social contract theory and natural rights?
In what ways did women participate in the Enlightenment?
How was the public sphere of the Enlightenment influenced by earlier developments in the Islamic world?
What role did coffeehouses play in the exchange of Enlightenment ideas?
What role did universities play in fostering public debate?
To whom were the principles of natural rights actually extended as a result of the American Revolution, and who was omitted from the extension of such rights?
What was Saint-Domingue’s relationship with France prior to the Haitian Revolution?
To whom did the leaders of Haiti’s Revolution intend to extend natural rights?
Who achieved full rights of citizenship as a result of the French Revolution, and who did not?
How did revolutions inspire nationalism, liberalism, and conservatism?
Who attended the Congress of Vienna, and what was its purpose?
What are the main tenets of liberalism?
What are the main goals of conservatism?