Check Your Understanding Questions
Why did the United States and Britain have much smaller armies than Germany, Austria-Hungary, France, and Russia?
Why did Germany come to believe it was encircled by hostile nations and needed to be ready to fight them?
What happened after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand?
In what ways did U.S. trade favor the Allies in the early days of the war, despite its intended neutrality?
What new types of weapons were available during World War I, and how did they affect the combat?
How were colonial troops used in the war?
What caused food shortages in Germany and Austria-Hungary during the war?
What new powers did the U.S. government assume during World War I?
How had Russia tried to cope with revolutionary activity in the early twentieth century?
What territory did Russia hand over to the Central powers under the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in 1918? Why did Russia feel it was worth it to do this?