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Review Questions

1 .
What is a characteristic of early civilizations?
  1. nomadic lifestyle
  2. egalitarian society
  3. specialization
  4. subsistence economy
2 .
What does the construction of the tower at Jericho suggest about that Neolithic settlement?
  1. It likely revered ancestors.
  2. It likely had some type of government.
  3. It likely performed animal sacrifices.
  4. It likely had a small population.
3 .
The population of what Neolithic town in today’s Turkey may have shared a belief in a mother-deity?
  1. Çatalhöyük
  2. Jericho
  3. Caral
  4. Anyang
4 .
The earliest known script, cuneiform, was written by pressing a stylus made of reed into what type of material?
  1. wet clay
  2. hot bronze
  3. dry papyrus
  4. gold plates
5 .
How large do scholars estimate the population of the city of Uruk may have been by the end of the fourth millennium BCE?
  1. twenty thousand
  2. thirty thousand
  3. forty thousand
  4. fifty thousand
6 .
Who is credited with establishing the first-known empire in world history?
  1. Hammurabi
  2. Ur-Nammu
  3. Naram-Sin
  4. Sargon of Akkad
7 .
What two adjectives best describe the gods of Mesopotamia?
  1. pleasant and helpful
  2. fickle and easily angered
  3. distant and unconcerned
  4. weak and cautious
8 .
What adjective best describes the afterlife, according to the Sumerian belief system?
  1. gloomy
  2. happy
  3. exciting
  4. scary
9 .
Who do scholars believe was the first pharaoh to unite all Egypt?
  1. Narmer
  2. Amenemhat I
  3. Djoser
  4. Khufu
10 .
What was another role of the pharaoh, in addition to being the political head of the state?
  1. merchant
  2. scribe
  3. high priest
  4. farmer
11 .
Imhotep built a large stone step pyramid for what pharaoh?
  1. Djoser
  2. Khufu
  3. Menkaure
  4. Snefru
12 .
What role did the nomarchs play in the decline of the Old Kingdom and beginning of the First Intermediate Period?
  1. They instituted important religious practices.
  2. They assumed more control over their regions.
  3. They allowed for greater Hyksos immigration.
  4. They rejected the authority of the priests.
13 .
What was significant about the reign of Sobekneferu?
  1. She was both pharaoh and priest.
  2. She was the last pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom.
  3. She gave unprecedented power to the nomarchs.
  4. She was the first woman to rule since before the Old Kingdom.
14 .
The Mesopotamians called the Indus valley civilization by what name?
  1. Meluhha
  2. Harappa
  3. Mohenjo-Daro
  4. Dholavira
15 .
What may have served as the monumental ceremonial center in Indus valley cities?
  1. a ziggurat
  2. a pyramid
  3. a citadel
  4. a sunken court
16 .
What was the likely purpose of the large baths at Mohenjo-Daro?
  1. watering of livestock
  2. ritual cleansing
  3. storage of drinking water
  4. the king’s use only
17 .
What was a common trade item exported from the Indus valley to Mesopotamia?
  1. lapis lazuli
  2. diamonds
  3. rubies
  4. sapphires
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