Check Your Understanding Questions
In what ways did the nomadic and seminomadic peoples beyond the borders of early civilizations contribute to these civilizations?
What do the artifacts and other archaeological finds from Jericho and Çatalhöyük suggest about life in these early urban environments?
What was the Legend of Sargon, and how does it explain Sargon of Akkad’s rise to power?
In what way did the palace and temple complex in ancient Mesopotamian cities function as an economic redistribution center?
How were gods honored and served in the Sumerian religion?
In what respects were the Sumerian lugals and Egyptian pharaohs different?
What do ancient sources and modern analyses suggest about the labor required to build the large pyramids of the Old Kingdom?
Why is the reign of Pharaoh Senusret III considered the high point of Middle Kingdom Egypt?
What evidence suggests that the walled citadel areas in Indus valley cities may have been used for religious purposes?
What suggests that the religion of the Indus valley civilization may have survived for many centuries in a different form?
What are some of the theories about the decline of the Indus valley civilization?