Check Your Understanding Questions
What were the chief weaknesses of the Carolingian Empire?
Under what circumstances did peoples of different ethnic or cultural background encounter each other in the early Middle Ages?
In what ways was the Caliphate of Cordoba different from Germanic kingdoms?
What were the causes of the devolution of Abbasid power?
Why did the Seljuks assume the title of sultan rather than caliph?
What caused the Byzantine Empire to seek aid from the Christian West?
What differences between the eastern and western Christian churches in the eleventh century led to the Great Schism?
What motivations did western Christians have for leaving their homes and participating in the Crusades?
Why was Jerusalem so important to Jewish people, Christians, and Muslims in the medieval period?
Why did many eastern Christians and Jewish people not welcome the arrival of the crusaders into the Holy Land?