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  1. Preface
  2. 1 Accounting as a Tool for Managers
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 1.1 Define Managerial Accounting and Identify the Three Primary Responsibilities of Management
    3. 1.2 Distinguish between Financial and Managerial Accounting
    4. 1.3 Explain the Primary Roles and Skills Required of Managerial Accountants
    5. 1.4 Describe the Role of the Institute of Management Accountants and the Use of Ethical Standards
    6. 1.5 Describe Trends in Today’s Business Environment and Analyze Their Impact on Accounting
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Thought Provokers
  3. 2 Building Blocks of Managerial Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 2.1 Distinguish between Merchandising, Manufacturing, and Service Organizations
    3. 2.2 Identify and Apply Basic Cost Behavior Patterns
    4. 2.3 Estimate a Variable and Fixed Cost Equation and Predict Future Costs
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Multiple Choice
    8. Questions
    9. Exercise Set A
    10. Exercise Set B
    11. Problem Set A
    12. Problem Set B
    13. Thought Provokers
  4. 3 Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 3.1 Explain Contribution Margin and Calculate Contribution Margin per Unit, Contribution Margin Ratio, and Total Contribution Margin
    3. 3.2 Calculate a Break-Even Point in Units and Dollars
    4. 3.3 Perform Break-Even Sensitivity Analysis for a Single Product Under Changing Business Situations
    5. 3.4 Perform Break-Even Sensitivity Analysis for a Multi-Product Environment Under Changing Business Situations
    6. 3.5 Calculate and Interpret a Company’s Margin of Safety and Operating Leverage
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  5. 4 Job Order Costing
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 4.1 Distinguish between Job Order Costing and Process Costing
    3. 4.2 Describe and Identify the Three Major Components of Product Costs under Job Order Costing
    4. 4.3 Use the Job Order Costing Method to Trace the Flow of Product Costs through the Inventory Accounts
    5. 4.4 Compute a Predetermined Overhead Rate and Apply Overhead to Production
    6. 4.5 Compute the Cost of a Job Using Job Order Costing
    7. 4.6 Determine and Dispose of Underapplied or Overapplied Overhead
    8. 4.7 Prepare Journal Entries for a Job Order Cost System
    9. 4.8 Explain How a Job Order Cost System Applies to a Nonmanufacturing Environment
    10. Key Terms
    11. Summary
    12. Multiple Choice
    13. Questions
    14. Exercise Set A
    15. Exercise Set B
    16. Problem Set A
    17. Problem Set B
    18. Thought Provokers
  6. 5 Process Costing
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 5.1 Compare and Contrast Job Order Costing and Process Costing
    3. 5.2 Explain and Identify Conversion Costs
    4. 5.3 Explain and Compute Equivalent Units and Total Cost of Production in an Initial Processing Stage
    5. 5.4 Explain and Compute Equivalent Units and Total Cost of Production in a Subsequent Processing Stage
    6. 5.5 Prepare Journal Entries for a Process Costing System
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  7. 6 Activity-Based, Variable, and Absorption Costing
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 6.1 Calculate Predetermined Overhead and Total Cost under the Traditional Allocation Method
    3. 6.2 Describe and Identify Cost Drivers
    4. 6.3 Calculate Activity-Based Product Costs
    5. 6.4 Compare and Contrast Traditional and Activity-Based Costing Systems
    6. 6.5 Compare and Contrast Variable and Absorption Costing
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  8. 7 Budgeting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 7.1 Describe How and Why Managers Use Budgets
    3. 7.2 Prepare Operating Budgets
    4. 7.3 Prepare Financial Budgets
    5. 7.4 Prepare Flexible Budgets
    6. 7.5 Explain How Budgets Are Used to Evaluate Goals
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  9. 8 Standard Costs and Variances
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 8.1 Explain How and Why a Standard Cost Is Developed
    3. 8.2 Compute and Evaluate Materials Variances
    4. 8.3 Compute and Evaluate Labor Variances
    5. 8.4 Compute and Evaluate Overhead Variances
    6. 8.5 Describe How Companies Use Variance Analysis
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  10. 9 Responsibility Accounting and Decentralization
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 9.1 Differentiate between Centralized and Decentralized Management
    3. 9.2 Describe How Decision-Making Differs between Centralized and Decentralized Environments
    4. 9.3 Describe the Types of Responsibility Centers
    5. 9.4 Describe the Effects of Various Decisions on Performance Evaluation of Responsibility Centers
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  11. 10 Short-Term Decision Making
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 10.1 Identify Relevant Information for Decision-Making
    3. 10.2 Evaluate and Determine Whether to Accept or Reject a Special Order
    4. 10.3 Evaluate and Determine Whether to Make or Buy a Component
    5. 10.4 Evaluate and Determine Whether to Keep or Discontinue a Segment or Product
    6. 10.5 Evaluate and Determine Whether to Sell or Process Further
    7. 10.6 Evaluate and Determine How to Make Decisions When Resources Are Constrained
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  12. 11 Capital Budgeting Decisions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 11.1 Describe Capital Investment Decisions and How They Are Applied
    3. 11.2 Evaluate the Payback and Accounting Rate of Return in Capital Investment Decisions
    4. 11.3 Explain the Time Value of Money and Calculate Present and Future Values of Lump Sums and Annuities
    5. 11.4 Use Discounted Cash Flow Models to Make Capital Investment Decisions
    6. 11.5 Compare and Contrast Non-Time Value-Based Methods and Time Value-Based Methods in Capital Investment Decisions
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  13. 12 Balanced Scorecard and Other Performance Measures
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 12.1 Explain the Importance of Performance Measurement
    3. 12.2 Identify the Characteristics of an Effective Performance Measure
    4. 12.3 Evaluate an Operating Segment or a Project Using Return on Investment, Residual Income, and Economic Value Added
    5. 12.4 Describe the Balanced Scorecard and Explain How It Is Used
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  14. 13 Sustainability Reporting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 13.1 Describe Sustainability and the Way It Creates Business Value
    3. 13.2 Identify User Needs for Information
    4. 13.3 Discuss Examples of Major Sustainability Initiatives
    5. 13.4 Future Issues in Sustainability
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Thought Provokers
  15. Financial Statement Analysis
  16. Time Value of Money
  17. Suggested Resources
  18. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12
    13. Chapter 13
  19. Index
EA1.

LO 2.1Magio Company manufactures kitchen equipment used in hospitals. They distribute their products directly to the customer and, for the year ending 2019, they reported the following revenues and expenses. Use this information to construct an income statement for the year 2019.

Sales Revenue $985,000, Cost of Goods Sold 489,000, Operating Expenses 245,000.
EA2.

LO 2.1Park and West, LLC, provides consulting services to retail merchandisers in the Midwest. In 2019, they generated $720,000 in service revenue. Their total cost (fixed and variable) per client was $2,500 and they served 115 clients during the year. If operating expenses for the year were $302,000 what was their net income?

EA3.

LO 2.1Canine Couture is a specialty dog clothing boutique that sells clothing and clothing accessories for dogs. In 2019, they had gross revenue from sales totaling $86,500. Their operating expenses for this same period were $27,500. If their Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) was 24% of gross revenue, what was their net operating income for the year?

EA4.

LO 2.2Hicks Contracting collects and analyzes cost data in order to track the cost of installing decks on new home construction jobs. The following are some of the costs that they incur. Classify these costs as fixed or variable costs and as product or period costs.

  1. Lumber used to construct decks ($12.00 per square foot)
  2. Carpenter labor used to construct decks ($10 per hour)
  3. Construction supervisor salary ($45,000 per year)
  4. Depreciation on tools and equipment ($6,000 per year)
  5. Selling and administrative expenses ($35,000 per year)
  6. Rent on corporate office space ($34,000 per year)
  7. Nails, glue, and other materials required to construct deck (varies per job)
EA5.

LO 2.2Rose Company has a relevant range of production between 10,000 and 25,000 units. The following cost data represents average cost per unit for 15,000 units of production.

Average Cost per Unit: Direct materials $12, Direct labor 10, Indirect materials 2, Fixed manufacturing overhead 4, Variable manufacturing overhead 3, Fixed selling and administrative expenses 8.

Using the cost data from Rose Company, answer the following questions:

  1. If 10,000 units are produced, what is the variable cost per unit?
  2. If 18,000 units are produced, what is the variable cost per unit?
  3. If 21,000 units are produced, what are the total variable costs?
  4. If 11,000 units are produced, what are the total variable costs?
  5. If 19,000 units are produced, what are the total manufacturing overhead costs incurred?
  6. If 23,000 units are produced, what are the total manufacturing overhead costs incurred?
  7. If 19,000 units are produced, what are the per unit manufacturing overhead costs incurred?
  8. If 25,000 units are produced, what are the per unit manufacturing overhead costs incurred?
EA6.

LO 2.2Carr Company provides human resource consulting services to small- and medium-sized companies. Last year, Carr provided services to 700 clients. Total fixed costs were $159,000 with total variable costs of $87,500. Based on this information, complete this chart:

Columns are: 500 clients, 800 clients, 900 clients. Rows are: Total costs: Fixed costs, Variable costs, Total costs. Cost per client: Fixed cost, Variable cost, Total cost per client.
EA7.

LO 2.2Western Trucking operates a fleet of delivery trucks. The fixed expenses to operate the fleet are $79,900 in March and rose to $93,120 in April. It costs Western Trucking $0.15 per mile in variable costs. In March, the delivery trucks were driven a total of 85,000 miles, and in April, they were driven a total of 96,000 miles. Using this information, answer the following:

  1. What were the total costs to operate the fleet in March and April, respectively?
  2. What were the cost per mile to operate the fleet in March and April, respectively?
EA8.

LO 2.2Suppose that a company has fixed costs of $18 per unit and variable costs $9 per unit when 15,000 units are produced. What are the fixed costs per unit when 12,000 units are produced?

EA9.

LO 2.3The cost data for Evencoat Paint for the year 2019 is as follows:

Month, Gallons of Paint Produced, Equipment Maintenance Expenses, respectively: January, 110,000, $70,000; February, 68,000, 66,800; March, 71,000, 67,000; April, 77,000, 68,100; May, 95,000, 69,200; June, 101,000, 70,300; July, 125,000, 70,400; August, 95,000, 68,900; September, 95,000, 69,500; October, 89,000, 68,600; November, 128,000, 72,800; December, 122,000, 71,450.
  1. Using the high-low method, express the company’s maintenance costs as an equation where x represents the gallons of paint produced. Then estimate the fixed and variable costs.
  2. Predict the maintenance costs if 90,000 gallons of paint are produced.
  3. Predict the maintenance costs if 81,000 gallons of paint are produced.
  4. Using Excel, create a scatter graph of the cost data and explain the relationship between gallons of paint produced and equipment maintenance expenses.
EA10.

LO 2.3This cost data from Hickory Furniture is for the year 2017.

Month, Number of Tables Produced, Factory Utility Expenses, respectively: January, 550, $2,063; February, 710, 2,663; March, 650, 2,438; April, 470, 1,823; May, 512, 1,920; June, 625, 2,344; July, 805, 3,019; August, 750, 2,813; September, 675, 2,531; October, 525, 1,969; November, 875, 3,281; December, 685, 2,569.
  1. Using the high-low method, express the company’s utility costs as an equation where X represents number of tables produced.
  2. Predict the utility costs if 800 tables are produced.
  3. Predict the utility costs if 600 tables are produced.
  4. Using Excel, create a scatter graph of the cost data and explain the relationship between number of tables produced and utility expenses.
EA11.

LO 2.3Markson and Sons leases a copy machine with terms that include a fixed fee each month plus a charge for each copy made. Markson made 9,000 copies and paid a total of $480 in January. In April, they paid $320 for 5,000 copies. What is the variable cost per copy if Markson uses the high-low method to analyze costs?

EA12.

LO 2.3Markson and Sons leases a copy machine with terms that include a fixed fee each month of $500 plus a charge for each copy made. The company uses the high-low method to analyze costs. If Markson paid $360 for 5,000 copies and $280 for 3,000 copies, how much would Markson pay if it made 7,500 copies?

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