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  1. Preface
  2. 1 Role of Accounting in Society
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 1.1 Explain the Importance of Accounting and Distinguish between Financial and Managerial Accounting
    3. 1.2 Identify Users of Accounting Information and How They Apply Information
    4. 1.3 Describe Typical Accounting Activities and the Role Accountants Play in Identifying, Recording, and Reporting Financial Activities
    5. 1.4 Explain Why Accounting Is Important to Business Stakeholders
    6. 1.5 Describe the Varied Career Paths Open to Individuals with an Accounting Education
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
  3. 2 Introduction to Financial Statements
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 2.1 Describe the Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, Balance Sheet, and Statement of Cash Flows, and How They Interrelate
    3. 2.2 Define, Explain, and Provide Examples of Current and Noncurrent Assets, Current and Noncurrent Liabilities, Equity, Revenues, and Expenses
    4. 2.3 Prepare an Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, and Balance Sheet
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Multiple Choice
    8. Questions
    9. Exercise Set A
    10. Exercise Set B
    11. Problem Set A
    12. Problem Set B
    13. Thought Provokers
  4. 3 Analyzing and Recording Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 3.1 Describe Principles, Assumptions, and Concepts of Accounting and Their Relationship to Financial Statements
    3. 3.2 Define and Describe the Expanded Accounting Equation and Its Relationship to Analyzing Transactions
    4. 3.3 Define and Describe the Initial Steps in the Accounting Cycle
    5. 3.4 Analyze Business Transactions Using the Accounting Equation and Show the Impact of Business Transactions on Financial Statements
    6. 3.5 Use Journal Entries to Record Transactions and Post to T-Accounts
    7. 3.6 Prepare a Trial Balance
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  5. 4 The Adjustment Process
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 4.1 Explain the Concepts and Guidelines Affecting Adjusting Entries
    3. 4.2 Discuss the Adjustment Process and Illustrate Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    4. 4.3 Record and Post the Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    5. 4.4 Use the Ledger Balances to Prepare an Adjusted Trial Balance
    6. 4.5 Prepare Financial Statements Using the Adjusted Trial Balance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  6. 5 Completing the Accounting Cycle
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 5.1 Describe and Prepare Closing Entries for a Business
    3. 5.2 Prepare a Post-Closing Trial Balance
    4. 5.3 Apply the Results from the Adjusted Trial Balance to Compute Current Ratio and Working Capital Balance, and Explain How These Measures Represent Liquidity
    5. 5.4 Appendix: Complete a Comprehensive Accounting Cycle for a Business
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  7. 6 Merchandising Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 6.1 Compare and Contrast Merchandising versus Service Activities and Transactions
    3. 6.2 Compare and Contrast Perpetual versus Periodic Inventory Systems
    4. 6.3 Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    5. 6.4 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Sale of Merchandise Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    6. 6.5 Discuss and Record Transactions Applying the Two Commonly Used Freight-In Methods
    7. 6.6 Describe and Prepare Multi-Step and Simple Income Statements for Merchandising Companies
    8. 6.7 Appendix: Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases and Sales Using the Periodic Inventory System
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  8. 7 Accounting Information Systems
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 7.1 Define and Describe the Components of an Accounting Information System
    3. 7.2 Describe and Explain the Purpose of Special Journals and Their Importance to Stakeholders
    4. 7.3 Analyze and Journalize Transactions Using Special Journals
    5. 7.4 Prepare a Subsidiary Ledger
    6. 7.5 Describe Career Paths Open to Individuals with a Joint Education in Accounting and Information Systems
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  9. 8 Fraud, Internal Controls, and Cash
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 8.1 Analyze Fraud in the Accounting Workplace
    3. 8.2 Define and Explain Internal Controls and Their Purpose within an Organization
    4. 8.3 Describe Internal Controls within an Organization
    5. 8.4 Define the Purpose and Use of a Petty Cash Fund, and Prepare Petty Cash Journal Entries
    6. 8.5 Discuss Management Responsibilities for Maintaining Internal Controls within an Organization
    7. 8.6 Define the Purpose of a Bank Reconciliation, and Prepare a Bank Reconciliation and Its Associated Journal Entries
    8. 8.7 Describe Fraud in Financial Statements and Sarbanes-Oxley Act Requirements
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  10. 9 Accounting for Receivables
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 9.1 Explain the Revenue Recognition Principle and How It Relates to Current and Future Sales and Purchase Transactions
    3. 9.2 Account for Uncollectible Accounts Using the Balance Sheet and Income Statement Approaches
    4. 9.3 Determine the Efficiency of Receivables Management Using Financial Ratios
    5. 9.4 Discuss the Role of Accounting for Receivables in Earnings Management
    6. 9.5 Apply Revenue Recognition Principles to Long-Term Projects
    7. 9.6 Explain How Notes Receivable and Accounts Receivable Differ
    8. 9.7 Appendix: Comprehensive Example of Bad Debt Estimation
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  11. 10 Inventory
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 10.1 Describe and Demonstrate the Basic Inventory Valuation Methods and Their Cost Flow Assumptions
    3. 10.2 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Periodic Method
    4. 10.3 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Perpetual Method
    5. 10.4 Explain and Demonstrate the Impact of Inventory Valuation Errors on the Income Statement and Balance Sheet
    6. 10.5 Examine the Efficiency of Inventory Management Using Financial Ratios
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  12. 11 Long-Term Assets
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 11.1 Distinguish between Tangible and Intangible Assets
    3. 11.2 Analyze and Classify Capitalized Costs versus Expenses
    4. 11.3 Explain and Apply Depreciation Methods to Allocate Capitalized Costs
    5. 11.4 Describe Accounting for Intangible Assets and Record Related Transactions
    6. 11.5 Describe Some Special Issues in Accounting for Long-Term Assets
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  13. 12 Current Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 12.1 Identify and Describe Current Liabilities
    3. 12.2 Analyze, Journalize, and Report Current Liabilities
    4. 12.3 Define and Apply Accounting Treatment for Contingent Liabilities
    5. 12.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record Short-Term Notes Payable
    6. 12.5 Record Transactions Incurred in Preparing Payroll
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  14. 13 Long-Term Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 13.1 Explain the Pricing of Long-Term Liabilities
    3. 13.2 Compute Amortization of Long-Term Liabilities Using the Effective-Interest Method
    4. 13.3 Prepare Journal Entries to Reflect the Life Cycle of Bonds
    5. 13.4 Appendix: Special Topics Related to Long-Term Liabilities
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  15. 14 Corporation Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 14.1 Explain the Process of Securing Equity Financing through the Issuance of Stock
    3. 14.2 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Issuance and Repurchase of Stock
    4. 14.3 Record Transactions and the Effects on Financial Statements for Cash Dividends, Property Dividends, Stock Dividends, and Stock Splits
    5. 14.4 Compare and Contrast Owners’ Equity versus Retained Earnings
    6. 14.5 Discuss the Applicability of Earnings per Share as a Method to Measure Performance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  16. 15 Partnership Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 15.1 Describe the Advantages and Disadvantages of Organizing as a Partnership
    3. 15.2 Describe How a Partnership Is Created, Including the Associated Journal Entries
    4. 15.3 Compute and Allocate Partners’ Share of Income and Loss
    5. 15.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record the Admission and Withdrawal of a Partner
    6. 15.5 Discuss and Record Entries for the Dissolution of a Partnership
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  17. 16 Statement of Cash Flows
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 16.1 Explain the Purpose of the Statement of Cash Flows
    3. 16.2 Differentiate between Operating, Investing, and Financing Activities
    4. 16.3 Prepare the Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    5. 16.4 Prepare the Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    6. 16.5 Use Information from the Statement of Cash Flows to Prepare Ratios to Assess Liquidity and Solvency
    7. 16.6 Appendix: Prepare a Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Direct Method
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  18. Financial Statement Analysis
  19. Time Value of Money
  20. Suggested Resources
  21. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12
    13. Chapter 13
    14. Chapter 14
    15. Chapter 15
    16. Chapter 16
  22. Index
EB1.

LO 14.1Your high school friend started a business that has blossomed over the years, and she is considering incorporating so she can sell shares of stock and expand. She has asked you for help understanding the process she will need to undertake. How do you explain the process of incorporation to her?

EB2.

LO 14.1You are an accountant working for a manufacturing company that makes personal care products and has recently decided to incorporate. The company incurred a total of $7,900 for attorney’s fees, promotion costs, and filing fees with the state of incorporation as a part of organizing the corporate entity. What is the journal entry to record these costs on February 28, assuming they are paid in cash?

EB3.

LO 14.1What is the impact on stockholders’ equity when a company uses equity financing as a source of funding?

EB4.

LO 14.1What is the biggest disadvantage to be considered when exploring the option of equity financing versus debt financing?

EB5.

LO 14.1Your high school friend started a business that has blossomed over the years, and he is considering incorporating so he can sell shares of stock and expand. He has asked you for help understanding the costs of incorporating. What are some of the costs that he will face as he organizes the corporation and begins to sell shares of stock?

EB6.

LO 14.2Spring Company is authorized to issue 500,000 shares of $2 par value common stock. In its first year, the company has the following transactions:

Mar. 1 Issued 40,000 shares of stock at $9.75 per share
Apr. 10 Issued 1,000 shares of stock for legal services valued at $10,000.
Oct. 3 Purchased 1,000 shares of treasury stock at $9 per share

Journalize the transactions and calculate how many shares of stock are outstanding at August 3.

EB7.

LO 14.2Silva Company is authorized to issue 5,000,000 shares of $2 par value common stock. In its IPO, the company has the following transaction: Mar. 1, issued 500,000 shares of stock at $15.75 per share for cash to investors. Journalize this transaction.

EB8.

LO 14.2Juniper Company is authorized to issue 5,000,000 shares of $2 par value common stock. In conjunction with its incorporation process and the IPO, the company has the following transaction: Mar. 1, issued 4,000 shares of stock in exchange for equipment worth $250,000. Journalize the transaction.

EB9.

LO 14.2Vishnu Company is authorized to issue 500,000 shares of $2 par value common stock. In conjunction with its incorporation process and the IPO, the company has the following transaction: Apr. 10, issued 1,000 shares of stock for legal services valued at $15,000. Journalize the transaction.

EB10.

LO 14.2Ammon Company is authorized to issue 500,000 shares of $5 par value preferred stock. In its first year, the company has the following transaction: Mar. 1, issued 40,000 shares of preferred stock at $20.50 per share. Journalize the transaction.

EB11.

LO 14.3Nutritious Pet Food Company’s board of directors declares a small stock dividend (20%) on June 30 when the stock’s market value per share is $30. At that time, there are 10,000 shares of $1 par value common stock outstanding (none held in treasury). What is the journal entry to record the stock dividend distribution on July 31?

EB12.

LO 14.3Nutritious Pet Food Company’s board of directors declares a large stock dividend (50%) on June 30 when the stock’s market value per share is $30. At that time, there are 10,000 shares of $1 par value common stock outstanding (none held in treasury). What is the journal entry to record the declaration of the dividend?

EB13.

LO 14.3Nutritious Pet Food Company’s board of directors declares a large stock dividend (50%) on June 30 when the stock’s market value per share is $30. At that time, there are 10,000 shares of $1 par value common stock outstanding (none held in treasury). What is the journal entry to record the stock dividend distribution on July 31?

EB14.

LO 14.3Nutritious Pet Food Company’s board of directors declares a 2-for-1 stock split on June 30 when the stock’s market value per share is $30. At that time, there are 10,000 shares of $1 par value common stock outstanding (none held in treasury). What is the new par value of the shares and how many shares are outstanding after the split?

EB15.

LO 14.3Nutritious Pet Food Company’s board of directors declares a 2-for-1 stock split on June 30 when the stock’s market value per share is $30. At that time, there are 10,000 shares of $1 par value common stock outstanding (none held in treasury). What is the new par value of the shares and how many shares are outstanding after the split? What is the total amount of equity before and after the split?

EB16.

LO 14.4Birmingham Company has been in business for five years. Last year, it experienced rapid growth and hired a new accountant to oversee the physical assets and record acquisitions and depreciation. This year, the controller discovered that the accounting records were not in order when the new accountant took over, and a $3,000 depreciation entry was omitted resulting in depreciation expense being understated last year. How does the company make this type of correction and where is it reported?

EB17.

LO 14.4Chelsea Company is a sole proprietorship. Ashley, Incorporated is a corporation. Which company would report stockholder’s equity and retained earnings and not simply owner’s equity? Why? What is the difference between these accounts?

EB18.

LO 14.4Tart Restaurant Holdings, Incorporated began the year with a retained earnings balance of $950,000. The company paid a total of $14,000 in dividends and experienced a net loss of $20,000 this year. What is the ending retained earnings balance?

EB19.

LO 14.4Josue Fabricating, Inc.’s accountant has the following information available to prepare the Statement of Stockholder’s Equity for the year just ended.

Cash 19,000, Common stock 15,000, Accounts receivable 17,000, Accounts payable 12,000, Preferred stock 18,000, Additional paid-in capital 14,000, Prepaid insurance 15,000, Unearned revenue 14,000, Retained earnings 16,000.

What is the total balance on the company’s Statement of Stockholder’s Equity? What is the amount of the contributed capital?

EB20.

LO 14.4Trumpet and Trombone Manufacturing, Inc. began the year with a retained earnings balance of $545,000. The company had a great year and earned a net income of $190,000 this year and paid dividends of $14,000. Additionally, the company’s controller determined that it had made an error when calculating tax expense in the preceding year, resulting in an understated expense amount of $22,000. What is the ending retained earnings balance?

EB21.

LO 14.5Brunleigh Corporation earned net income of $200,000 this year. The company began the year with 10,000 shares of common stock and issued 5,000 more on April 1. They issued $7,500 in preferred dividends for the year. What is Brunleigh Corporation’s weighted average number of shares for the year?

EB22.

LO 14.5Errol Corporation earned net income of $200,000 this year. The company began the year with 10,000 shares of common stock and issued 5,000 more on April 1. They issued $7,500 in preferred dividends for the year. What is the numerator of the EPS calculation for Errol?

EB23.

LO 14.5Bastion Corporation earned net income of $200,000 this year. The company began the year with 10,000 shares of common stock and issued 5,000 more on April 1. They issued $7,500 in preferred dividends for the year. What is the EPS for the year for Bastion?

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