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  1. Preface
  2. 1 Role of Accounting in Society
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 1.1 Explain the Importance of Accounting and Distinguish between Financial and Managerial Accounting
    3. 1.2 Identify Users of Accounting Information and How They Apply Information
    4. 1.3 Describe Typical Accounting Activities and the Role Accountants Play in Identifying, Recording, and Reporting Financial Activities
    5. 1.4 Explain Why Accounting Is Important to Business Stakeholders
    6. 1.5 Describe the Varied Career Paths Open to Individuals with an Accounting Education
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
  3. 2 Introduction to Financial Statements
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 2.1 Describe the Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, Balance Sheet, and Statement of Cash Flows, and How They Interrelate
    3. 2.2 Define, Explain, and Provide Examples of Current and Noncurrent Assets, Current and Noncurrent Liabilities, Equity, Revenues, and Expenses
    4. 2.3 Prepare an Income Statement, Statement of Owner’s Equity, and Balance Sheet
    5. Key Terms
    6. Summary
    7. Multiple Choice
    8. Questions
    9. Exercise Set A
    10. Exercise Set B
    11. Problem Set A
    12. Problem Set B
    13. Thought Provokers
  4. 3 Analyzing and Recording Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 3.1 Describe Principles, Assumptions, and Concepts of Accounting and Their Relationship to Financial Statements
    3. 3.2 Define and Describe the Expanded Accounting Equation and Its Relationship to Analyzing Transactions
    4. 3.3 Define and Describe the Initial Steps in the Accounting Cycle
    5. 3.4 Analyze Business Transactions Using the Accounting Equation and Show the Impact of Business Transactions on Financial Statements
    6. 3.5 Use Journal Entries to Record Transactions and Post to T-Accounts
    7. 3.6 Prepare a Trial Balance
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  5. 4 The Adjustment Process
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 4.1 Explain the Concepts and Guidelines Affecting Adjusting Entries
    3. 4.2 Discuss the Adjustment Process and Illustrate Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    4. 4.3 Record and Post the Common Types of Adjusting Entries
    5. 4.4 Use the Ledger Balances to Prepare an Adjusted Trial Balance
    6. 4.5 Prepare Financial Statements Using the Adjusted Trial Balance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  6. 5 Completing the Accounting Cycle
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 5.1 Describe and Prepare Closing Entries for a Business
    3. 5.2 Prepare a Post-Closing Trial Balance
    4. 5.3 Apply the Results from the Adjusted Trial Balance to Compute Current Ratio and Working Capital Balance, and Explain How These Measures Represent Liquidity
    5. 5.4 Appendix: Complete a Comprehensive Accounting Cycle for a Business
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  7. 6 Merchandising Transactions
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 6.1 Compare and Contrast Merchandising versus Service Activities and Transactions
    3. 6.2 Compare and Contrast Perpetual versus Periodic Inventory Systems
    4. 6.3 Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    5. 6.4 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Sale of Merchandise Using the Perpetual Inventory System
    6. 6.5 Discuss and Record Transactions Applying the Two Commonly Used Freight-In Methods
    7. 6.6 Describe and Prepare Multi-Step and Simple Income Statements for Merchandising Companies
    8. 6.7 Appendix: Analyze and Record Transactions for Merchandise Purchases and Sales Using the Periodic Inventory System
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  8. 7 Accounting Information Systems
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 7.1 Define and Describe the Components of an Accounting Information System
    3. 7.2 Describe and Explain the Purpose of Special Journals and Their Importance to Stakeholders
    4. 7.3 Analyze and Journalize Transactions Using Special Journals
    5. 7.4 Prepare a Subsidiary Ledger
    6. 7.5 Describe Career Paths Open to Individuals with a Joint Education in Accounting and Information Systems
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  9. 8 Fraud, Internal Controls, and Cash
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 8.1 Analyze Fraud in the Accounting Workplace
    3. 8.2 Define and Explain Internal Controls and Their Purpose within an Organization
    4. 8.3 Describe Internal Controls within an Organization
    5. 8.4 Define the Purpose and Use of a Petty Cash Fund, and Prepare Petty Cash Journal Entries
    6. 8.5 Discuss Management Responsibilities for Maintaining Internal Controls within an Organization
    7. 8.6 Define the Purpose of a Bank Reconciliation, and Prepare a Bank Reconciliation and Its Associated Journal Entries
    8. 8.7 Describe Fraud in Financial Statements and Sarbanes-Oxley Act Requirements
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  10. 9 Accounting for Receivables
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 9.1 Explain the Revenue Recognition Principle and How It Relates to Current and Future Sales and Purchase Transactions
    3. 9.2 Account for Uncollectible Accounts Using the Balance Sheet and Income Statement Approaches
    4. 9.3 Determine the Efficiency of Receivables Management Using Financial Ratios
    5. 9.4 Discuss the Role of Accounting for Receivables in Earnings Management
    6. 9.5 Apply Revenue Recognition Principles to Long-Term Projects
    7. 9.6 Explain How Notes Receivable and Accounts Receivable Differ
    8. 9.7 Appendix: Comprehensive Example of Bad Debt Estimation
    9. Key Terms
    10. Summary
    11. Multiple Choice
    12. Questions
    13. Exercise Set A
    14. Exercise Set B
    15. Problem Set A
    16. Problem Set B
    17. Thought Provokers
  11. 10 Inventory
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 10.1 Describe and Demonstrate the Basic Inventory Valuation Methods and Their Cost Flow Assumptions
    3. 10.2 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Periodic Method
    4. 10.3 Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and Ending Inventory Using the Perpetual Method
    5. 10.4 Explain and Demonstrate the Impact of Inventory Valuation Errors on the Income Statement and Balance Sheet
    6. 10.5 Examine the Efficiency of Inventory Management Using Financial Ratios
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  12. 11 Long-Term Assets
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 11.1 Distinguish between Tangible and Intangible Assets
    3. 11.2 Analyze and Classify Capitalized Costs versus Expenses
    4. 11.3 Explain and Apply Depreciation Methods to Allocate Capitalized Costs
    5. 11.4 Describe Accounting for Intangible Assets and Record Related Transactions
    6. 11.5 Describe Some Special Issues in Accounting for Long-Term Assets
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  13. 12 Current Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 12.1 Identify and Describe Current Liabilities
    3. 12.2 Analyze, Journalize, and Report Current Liabilities
    4. 12.3 Define and Apply Accounting Treatment for Contingent Liabilities
    5. 12.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record Short-Term Notes Payable
    6. 12.5 Record Transactions Incurred in Preparing Payroll
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  14. 13 Long-Term Liabilities
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 13.1 Explain the Pricing of Long-Term Liabilities
    3. 13.2 Compute Amortization of Long-Term Liabilities Using the Effective-Interest Method
    4. 13.3 Prepare Journal Entries to Reflect the Life Cycle of Bonds
    5. 13.4 Appendix: Special Topics Related to Long-Term Liabilities
    6. Key Terms
    7. Summary
    8. Multiple Choice
    9. Questions
    10. Exercise Set A
    11. Exercise Set B
    12. Problem Set A
    13. Problem Set B
    14. Thought Provokers
  15. 14 Corporation Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 14.1 Explain the Process of Securing Equity Financing through the Issuance of Stock
    3. 14.2 Analyze and Record Transactions for the Issuance and Repurchase of Stock
    4. 14.3 Record Transactions and the Effects on Financial Statements for Cash Dividends, Property Dividends, Stock Dividends, and Stock Splits
    5. 14.4 Compare and Contrast Owners’ Equity versus Retained Earnings
    6. 14.5 Discuss the Applicability of Earnings per Share as a Method to Measure Performance
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  16. 15 Partnership Accounting
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 15.1 Describe the Advantages and Disadvantages of Organizing as a Partnership
    3. 15.2 Describe How a Partnership Is Created, Including the Associated Journal Entries
    4. 15.3 Compute and Allocate Partners’ Share of Income and Loss
    5. 15.4 Prepare Journal Entries to Record the Admission and Withdrawal of a Partner
    6. 15.5 Discuss and Record Entries for the Dissolution of a Partnership
    7. Key Terms
    8. Summary
    9. Multiple Choice
    10. Questions
    11. Exercise Set A
    12. Exercise Set B
    13. Problem Set A
    14. Problem Set B
    15. Thought Provokers
  17. 16 Statement of Cash Flows
    1. Why It Matters
    2. 16.1 Explain the Purpose of the Statement of Cash Flows
    3. 16.2 Differentiate between Operating, Investing, and Financing Activities
    4. 16.3 Prepare the Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    5. 16.4 Prepare the Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Indirect Method
    6. 16.5 Use Information from the Statement of Cash Flows to Prepare Ratios to Assess Liquidity and Solvency
    7. 16.6 Appendix: Prepare a Completed Statement of Cash Flows Using the Direct Method
    8. Key Terms
    9. Summary
    10. Multiple Choice
    11. Questions
    12. Exercise Set A
    13. Exercise Set B
    14. Problem Set A
    15. Problem Set B
    16. Thought Provokers
  18. Financial Statement Analysis
  19. Time Value of Money
  20. Suggested Resources
  21. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12
    13. Chapter 13
    14. Chapter 14
    15. Chapter 15
    16. Chapter 16
  22. Index
EA1.

LO 14.1You are an accountant working for a company that has recently decided to incorporate. The company has incurred $4,300 for attorney’s fees, promotion costs, and filing fees with the state of incorporation as a part of organizing the corporate entity. What is the journal entry to record these costs on March 13, assuming they are paid in cash?

EA2.

LO 14.1What is the impact on stockholders’ equity when a company uses debt financing as a source of funding?

EA3.

LO 14.1What is the most obvious difference between debt and equity financing?

EA4.

LO 14.1How do creditors assess risk when lending funds to a company?

EA5.

LO 14.2Fortuna Company is authorized to issue 1,000,000 shares of $1 par value common stock. In its first year, the company has the following transactions:

Jan. 31 Issued 40,000 shares at $10 share
Jun. 10 Issued 100,000 shares in exchange for land with a clearly determined value of $850,000
Aug. 3 Purchased 10,000 shares of treasury stock at $9 per share

Journalize the transactions and calculate how many shares of stock are outstanding at August 3.

EA6.

LO 14.2James Incorporated is authorized to issue 5,000,000 shares of $1 par value common stock. In its second year of business, the company has the following transactions:

Mar. 31 Issued 30,000 shares at $10 share
Jul. 9 Issued 100,000 shares in exchange for a building with a clearly determined value of $700,000
Aug. 30 Purchased 7,000 shares of treasury stock at $9 per share

Journalize the transactions.

EA7.

LO 14.2McVie Corporation’s stock has a par value of $2. The company has the following transactions during the year:

Feb. 28 Issued 300,000 shares at $5 share
Jun. 7 Issued 90,000 shares in exchange for equipment with a clearly determined value of $200,000
Sep. 19 Purchased 3,000 shares of treasury stock at $7 per share

Journalize the transactions.

EA8.

LO 14.2Anslo Fabricating, Inc. is authorized to issue 10,000,000 shares of $5 stated value common stock. During the year, the company has the following transactions:

Jan. 3 Issued 60,000 shares at $10 share
Jun. 15 Issued 5,000 shares in exchange for office equipment with a clearly determined value of $50,000
Aug. 16 Purchased 4,000 shares of treasury stock at $20 per share

Journalize the transactions.

EA9.

LO 14.2St. Marie Company is authorized to issue 1,000,000 shares of $5 par value preferred stock, and 5,000,000 shares of $1 stated value common stock. During the year, the company has the following transactions:

Jan. 31 Issued 140,000 common shares at $10 share
Jun. 10 Issued 160,000 preferred shares in exchange for land with a clearly determined value of $850,000
Aug. 3 Issued 10,000 shares of common stock for $9 per share

Journalize the transactions.

EA10.

LO 14.3Nutritious Pet Food Company’s board of directors declares a cash dividend of $1.00 per common share on November 12. On this date, the company has issued 12,000 shares but 2,000 shares are held as treasury shares. What is the journal entry to record the declaration of this dividend?

EA11.

LO 14.3Nutritious Pet Food Company’s board of directors declares a cash dividend of $1.00 per common share on November 12. On this date, the company has issued 12,000 shares but 2,000 shares are held as treasury shares. The company pays the dividend on December 14. What is the journal entry to record the payment of the dividend?

EA12.

LO 14.3Nutritious Pet Food Company’s board of directors declares a cash dividend of $5,000 on June 30. At that time, there are 3,000 shares of $5 par value 5% preferred stock outstanding and 7,000 shares of $1 par value common stock outstanding (none held in treasury). What is the journal entry to record the declaration of the dividend?

EA13.

LO 14.3Nutritious Pet Food Company’s board of directors declares a small stock dividend (20%) on June 30 when the stock’s market value per share is $30. At that time, there are 10,000 shares of $1 par value common stock outstanding (none held in treasury). What is the journal entry to record the declaration of the dividend?

EA14.

LO 14.4Blanket Company has paid quarterly dividends every quarter for the past 15 years. Lately, slowing sales have created a cash crunch for the company. While the company still has positive retained earnings, the retained earnings balance is close to zero. Should the company borrow to continue to pay dividends? Why or why not?

EA15.

LO 14.4Farmington Corporation began the year with a retained earnings balance of $20,000. The company paid a total of $3,000 in dividends and earned a net income of $60,000 this year. What is the ending retained earnings balance?

EA16.

LO 14.4Montana Incorporated began the year with a retained earnings balance of $50,000. The company paid a total of $5,000 in dividends and experienced a net loss of $25,000 this year. What is the ending retained earnings balance?

EA17.

LO 14.4Jesse and Mason Fabricating, Inc. general ledger has the following account balances at the end of the year:

Cash 9,000, Common stock 5,000, Accounts receivable 7,000, Accounts payable 2,000, Additional paid-in capital 4,000, Prepaid insurance 5,000, Unearned revenue 4,000, Retained earnings 6,000.

What is the total ending balance as reported on the company’s Statement of Stockholder’s Equity?

EA18.

LO 14.4Roxanne’s Delightful Candies, Inc. began the year with a retained earnings balance of $45,000. The company had a great year and earned a net income of $80,000. However, the company’s controller determined that it had made an error when calculating depreciation in the preceding year, resulting in an understated depreciation expense amount of $2,000. What is the ending retained earnings balance?

EA19.

LO 14.5Jupiter Corporation earned net income of $90,000 this year. The company began the year with 600 shares of common stock and issued 500 more on April 1. They issued $5,000 in preferred dividends for the year. What is Jupiter Corporation’s weighted average number of shares for the year?

EA20.

LO 14.5Longmont Corporation earned net income of $90,000 this year. The company began the year with 600 shares of common stock and issued 500 more on April 1. They issued $5,000 in preferred dividends for the year. What is the numerator of the EPS calculation for Longmont?

EA21.

LO 14.5James Corporation earned net income of $90,000 this year. The company began the year with 600 shares of common stock and issued 500 more on April 1. They issued $5,000 in preferred dividends for the year. What is the EPS for the year for James (rounded to the nearest dollar)?

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