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ableism
the intentional or unintentional discrimination against individuals with disabilities
adverse childhood experience (ACE)
traumatic event occurring in childhood that can have a lifelong negative impact on health
disability
an impairment in the body or mind that results in difficulty doing certain activities and interacting with the environment
domestic violence
violent or aggressive behavior within the home, usually involving abuse of a spouse or partner
explicit bias
a conscious negative attitude or belief against a specific individual or group based on certain characteristics, such as sexual orientation or gender identity
heteronormative
a belief that heterosexuality is the normal, better, or only sexual orientation
homelessness
a condition where individuals or families lack a regular, fixed, and adequate nighttime residence; includes individuals or families living in shelters or living in public or private locations not designed for regular sleeping such as in cars, parks, abandoned buildings, transportation stations, and campgrounds
housing wage
the required hourly wage needed to afford a modest two-bedroom rental home without spending more than 30 percent of income on rent
implicit discrimination
a form of implicit bias or unconscious bias; a negative attitude against a specific individual or group based on certain characteristics such as sexual orientation or gender identity
migrant farmworker
an individual who is required to be absent from a permanent residence to seek paid employment in agricultural work
migrant workers
workers that are mobile, moving frequently to locations that offer work, most often in a seasonal pattern
migratory seasonal agricultural worker
another term for a migrant farmworker; this term does not specify that the farmworker has to be absent from a permanent residence
military sexual trauma (MST)
sexual assault or harassment that occurs during military service
minority stress
stigma, prejudice, and discrimination experienced by individuals and groups due to marginalized or vulnerable identities
person-first language
referring to people first as a means to separate the person from a diagnosis or impairment
point-in-time counts
counts of the number of homeless individuals, both sheltered and unsheltered, on a given night
poverty
a state in which an individual lacks a socially acceptable amount of money or possessions
sexual minority youth (SMY)
young individuals who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual; who are not sure of their sexual identity; or who have had same-sex partners
toxic stress
type of stress that occurs when a child experiences frequent and prolonged adversity such as abuse, neglect, caregiver mental illness, or the accrued burden of economic hardship without adequate caregiver support
trauma-informed care
an approach to providing clinical care that encourages a culture of safety, empowerment, and healing for clients
veteran
an individual who is serving or has served in the active military, naval, or air service and if they are no longer in the active military, they were discharged under conditions other than dishonorable
Veterans Health Administration (VHA)
an integrated health care system providing care to veterans
victimization
violence and abuse that is perpetrated purposely
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