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The nurse is discussing the importance of evidence-based decision-making (EBDM) with a group of students. Which statement by a student indicates understanding of this process?
  1. “EBDM is a one-step process to make clinical decisions.”
  2. “EBDM utilizes subjective decision-making.”
  3. “EBDM uses interventions with replicable results.”
  4. “EBDM relies on past nursing experiences.”
Which information is the nurse assessing when appraising the applicability of a research article?
  1. The intended audience of the article
  2. The degree to which the results relate to a specific population
  3. The accuracy or credibility of the research
  4. The purpose of the research
While conducting a literature review for an evidence-based project, the nurse recognizes that which type of study represents the lowest level of evidence?
  1. Case reports
  2. Cohort studies
  3. Randomized control trials
  4. Cross-sectional studies
A nurse has developed the following PICOT question: In adult men, is zinc supplementation as effective as vitamin C supplementation in reducing the length of respiratory viral infections over six months? The nurse identifies “zinc supplementation” as which part of the PICOT question?
  1. Population
  2. Intervention
  3. Comparison
  4. Outcome
A public health nurse has developed a research question and searched the literature for supporting evidence. In which step of evidence-based decision-making would the nurse compile the research findings and identify specific trends in the data?
  1. Defining the problem
  2. Synthesizing the literature
  3. Appraising the literature
  4. Adapting the information
Which database would the public health nurse use when conducting research to locate regularly updated systematic reviews?
  1. Cochrane Library
  2. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
  3. Medline with Full Text
  4. Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL)
Which action will the public health nurse perform when conducting an ethical community study?
  1. Require each participant who provides informed consent to complete the study.
  2. Obtain informed consent only from vulnerable populations.
  3. Get informed consent only if the risks of participating in the study are high.
  4. Obtain informed consent from each participant in the study.
The nurse is developing a PICOT question to study methods to promote smoking cessation in high school students in a rural community. Which statement identifies the targeted population?
  1. The rural community
  2. Community members who smoke
  3. All high school students in the community
  4. High school students in the rural community who smoke
Which type of study will the nurse use to understand the experiences of an immigrant group in the community?
  1. Qualitative
  2. Randomized control
  3. Needs assessment
  4. Quality improvement
Which activity would the nurse perform during the evaluation phase of evidence-based decision-making (EBDM)?
  1. Carrying out the proposed plan
  2. Deciding if the evidence is applicable to the population
  3. Determining the effectiveness of the plan
  4. Compiling the data

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