Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo

determinants
factors that influence health; can include events, characteristics, or other entities that change a health condition or the level of a health problem
disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)
estimates the number of healthy years lost across the population due to premature death and disability from a select condition
disparities
inequalities or differences
downstream
describes interventions that focus on the behavior of individuals to modify the risk of disease, prevent illness, or manage chronic conditions
general mortality
the number of deaths across a large population, such as a geographic region or country, reports of which include information about leading causes of death across the population and estimates of years of potential life lost when people die prematurely
global nursing
the use of evidence-based nursing processes to promote sustainable planetary health and equity for all people
health care continuum
the spectrum of health care services delivered in public health, acute care, ambulatory care, and long-term care settings
health care utilization
the extent to which a population accesses and uses different health care services
health inequities
avoidable inequalities related to health that stem from a form of injustice
infant mortality
the rate of infants who die before their first birthday
life expectancy
the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if current death rates remain constant
midstream
describes interventions that occur within a specific organization
morbidity rate
the prevalence or incidence of a specific health condition, disease, or diagnosis within the population
outcomes
in a population health context, all possible results that may come from exposure to interventions aiming to prevent or treat a condition
population
a group of people that may receive care in various settings at the local, regional, national, and global levels
population health
an approach to supporting the health of people through research, data analysis, and health programming that considers the impact of public policy and environmental, social, behavioral, and other factors that might facilitate or hinder health for all
quality of life
indication of enjoyment and satisfaction people have, given their multidimensional experiences in health, relationships, activities, and life circumstances
risk factors
aspects of personal behaviors, lifestyle choices, exposures, or attributes that generally increase the likelihood or severity of acquiring a health condition
social determinants of health
conditions and social factors that affect outcomes and risk related to health, functioning, and quality of life
transitional care
efforts aimed at coordinating health care as clients receive services in various areas of the health care continuum
upstream
describes interventions that involve enacting policies that change regulations, increase access, or provide economic incentives to impact health across a population
Citation/Attribution

This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at https://openstax.org/books/population-health/pages/1-introduction
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at https://openstax.org/books/population-health/pages/1-introduction
Citation information

© Apr 26, 2024 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.