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Pharmacology for Nurses

Review Questions

Pharmacology for NursesReview Questions

A nurse is evaluating a client in the emergency department who presents with painful urination and urethral discharge. Laboratory tests indicate that the client is positive for gonorrhea. Which medication does the nurse anticipate the health care provider will most likely prescribe?
  1. Ceftriaxone
  2. Acyclovir
  3. Metronidazole
  4. Permethrin
A nurse is talking with a 17-year-old client who states they have heard about vaccines to prevent sexually transmitted infections. Which condition should the nurse tell the client is preventable with vaccination?
  1. Hepatitis C
  2. HIV
  3. Human papillomavirus
  4. Chlamydia
A nurse is counseling a client about their new tuberculosis diagnosis and the medications they will be taking. Which of the following educational points should the nurse make to the client?
  1. “Your urine may turn blue.”
  2. “Follow up with the health care provider if you cannot tell the difference between green and red.”
  3. “Missing doses every once in a while is not a problem.”
  4. “There are no drug interactions to worry about with your tuberculosis medication.”
A nurse is reviewing a client’s medication profile and notices that they are taking isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide for tuberculosis. These drugs can affect the function of which of the following organ systems?
  1. Heart
  2. Lungs
  3. Muscle
  4. Liver
A nurse is examining a school-age child who is complaining of an itchy scalp. On physical examination, the nurse notices lice and nits in the child’s hair. Which medication would the nurse anticipate being ordered to treat the child’s lice infestation?
  1. Metronidazole
  2. Mebendazole
  3. Lindane
  4. Nitazoxanide
The nurse is caring for a client with HIV who is receiving antiretroviral therapy. Which laboratory value should the nurse assess to determine the competency of the client’s immune system with this therapy?
  1. CD4 count
  2. HIV viral load
  3. Basophil count
  4. Neutrophil count
The nurse is teaching a client about their medications, which include elvitegravir, cobicistat, tenofovir, and lamivudine. Which medication would the nurse tell the client works by inhibiting integration of the HIV DNA into their own DNA?
  1. Cobicistat
  2. Elvitegravir
  3. Lamivudine
  4. Tenofovir
A client with a history of anaphylaxis to sulfonamides is being treated for a urinary tract infection. Which of the following medications is contraindicated in the care of this client?
  1. Metronidazole
  2. Ciprofloxacin
  3. Cephalexin
  4. Sulfamethoxazole
A client presents to the health care provider’s office with a report of profuse watery diarrhea that started 10 days after they began taking clindamycin for a skin infection. Which organism does the nurse anticipate is responsible for the client’s symptoms?
  1. Staphylococcus aureus
  2. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  3. Clostridioides difficile
  4. Streptococcus pneumoniae
A client is being prescribed a tetracycline antibiotic for an upper respiratory tract infection. What would be an important educational point for the nurse to teach the client?
  1. “Stop taking the medication when you begin to feel better.”
  2. “You can take the medication with milk, juice, or water.”
  3. “This medication is effective for bacterial and viral infections.”
  4. “Talk to your health care provider before becoming pregnant.”

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