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Pharmacology for Nurses

Review Questions

Pharmacology for NursesReview Questions

A client in the clinic is prescribed aluminum hydroxide by the provider. The nurse should include which of the following in the client’s education?
  1. Take the medication 2 hours before or after other medications.
  2. This medication will put you at risk for respiratory infections like pneumonia.
  3. Stop taking this medication if constipation develops.
  4. You will need lab work to check your blood level of magnesium.
The nurse is administering IV cimetidine to a client admitted to the ICU with a GI bleed. Which of the following adverse effects is the client at increased risk for when receiving cimetidine parenterally?
  1. Gynecomastia
  2. Confusion
  3. Agranulocytosis
  4. Hypotension
The nurse is educating a client on a new prescription of omeprazole. What does the nurse include in teaching?
  1. The medication is best administered at bedtime.
  2. The medication decreases the production of gastric acids and pepsin.
  3. The medication is best taken 2 hours after a meal.
  4. The medication may cause hyperkalemia.
The nurse is educating the client on their newly prescribed medication misoprostol. Which of the following statements by the client indicates a priority need for additional follow-up?
  1. “I recently stopped taking my birth-control pills.”
  2. “I am taking a prescription-strength NSAID 3 times a day for my knee pain.”
  3. “I am worried taking this will cause gas and diarrhea.”
  4. “I need to remember to take this medication with food.”
A client being treated for GERD arrives at the clinic with complaints of constipation and flatulence. Which of the following medications is likely causing these symptoms?
  1. Magnesium hydroxide
  2. Calcium carbonate
  3. Simethicone
  4. Docusate sodium
The nurse is discharging a client with instructions from the provider to take calcium carbonate to treat their indigestion. Which of the following statements by the client indicates the need for additional instruction?
  1. “I shouldn’t take this when I take my other medications.”
  2. “I should take this only when I have symptoms.”
  3. “I need to take this after meals and at bedtime.”
  4. “I need to take this every day for it to work.”
The nurse is preparing to administer a dose of lansoprazole to a client with an ulcer. Which of the following statements by the client indicates the client needs additional instruction on this medication?
  1. “I know my pain will improve right after taking this.”
  2. “I need to take this every day before a meal.”
  3. “I understand it can take about 6 months to experience the full benefit of this medication.”
  4. “I hate the thought of having to take this for the rest of my life.”
The nurse is providing discharge instructions to a client with a gastric ulcer who is taking sucralfate. What information regarding administration is important to stress to the client?
  1. Take this medication 4 times a day; do not miss a dose.
  2. Limit dietary fiber and fluids.
  3. Take with an antacid as needed.
  4. It is safe to take before dialysis.
The nurse is reviewing lab values for a client who has been taking over-the-counter antacid medications. Which of the following findings could be attributed to antacid use?
  1. Hypocalcemia
  2. Hyperphosphatemia
  3. Hyponatremia
  4. Hypermagnesemia
The nurse is educating a client who is taking pantoprazole. What information should be included in the education?
  1. Stop taking this medication if you have a headache.
  2. You will need this medication for the rest of your life.
  3. Swallow the medication whole, do not chew.
  4. Plan to take this medication only with meals.

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