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Pharmacology for Nurses

Review Questions

Pharmacology for NursesReview Questions

A nurse is instructing a client being discharged with a prescription for diphenoxylate with atropine. Which of the following instructions should be given to the client?
  1. It will take 2 weeks before the full effects of the medication are achieved.
  2. Take the prescribed amount of medication every day, even if your symptoms improve.
  3. Keep some throat lozenges handy as dry mouth is a common side effect of this medication.
  4. This medication will not make you drowsy.
A nurse is preparing to administer a bisacodyl suppository to a client. Which of the following interventions is appropriate to ensure safe and effective administration?
  1. Have the client lie on their right side with their left knee raised to their chest.
  2. Have the client lie on their left side with their right knee raised to their chest.
  3. Remove the suppository from the refrigerator at least 15 minutes before administration to allow it to soften.
  4. Instruct the client to stand and get dressed immediately after administration.
The nurse is assessing a client with a new prescription for chlorpromazine. The nurse recognizes the client is having an adverse effect when the client complains of:
  1. Dry mouth
  2. Flu-like symptoms
  3. Increased urination
  4. Diarrhea
A client is admitted to the hospital with Stage III chronic kidney disease and constipation. Which of the following laxatives is contraindicated for this client?
  1. Magnesium citrate
  2. Bisacodyl
  3. Psyllium
  4. Polyethylene glycol
An ED nurse is triaging a client who was recently started on ondansetron for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). The nurse recognizes the following symptom as a side effect of ondansetron:
  1. Photosensitivity
  2. Increased urination
  3. Peripheral edema
  4. Headache
The nurse is discharging a client home with a new prescription for docusate sodium. What information should the nurse include in discharge teaching?
  1. This medication must be taken at bedtime.
  2. Take the medication with a full glass of water.
  3. This medication must be taken long term for it to be fully effective.
  4. Take the medication on an empty stomach.
When assessing a client who has just started taking loperamide after experiencing diarrhea for a week, which of the following findings would be most concerning?
  1. Nausea
  2. Decreased appetite
  3. Changes in stool consistency
  4. Decreased blood pressure
The nurse is administering linaclotide for a client. For which of the following conditions is this laxative contraindicated?
  1. Bowel obstruction
  2. Irritable bowel syndrome
  3. Chronic idiopathic constipation
  4. Bowel irritation
The nurse is treating a client with nausea, vomiting, and dizziness secondary to inner-ear problems. Which of the following medications should the nurse anticipate will be prescribed?
  1. Ondansetron
  2. Aprepitant
  3. Meclizine
  4. Prochlorperazine
The nurse is teaching a client how to use a scopolamine patch. Which of the following statements by the client indicates the need for further instruction?
  1. “I need to put this on as soon as I start to feel nauseated.”
  2. “One patch should last 3 days.”
  3. “I need to wash my hands after applying the patch.”
  4. “I should not touch the adhesive section when applying the patch.”

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