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Pharmacology for Nurses

Review Questions

Pharmacology for NursesReview Questions

A client is asking what medication would be best for relief of their allergies. Upon further assessment, the nurse learns that the client is a construction worker. What should the nurse recommend?
  1. Diphenhydramine
  2. Cetirizine
  3. Brompheniramine
  4. Acetylcysteine
A client taking guaifenesin informs the nurse that the medication is not helping with their cough. What further information should the nurse obtain from the client?
  1. “Is your cough productive or nonproductive?”
  2. “What time of day do you take the drug?”
  3. “Have you increased the dose?”
  4. “Why don’t you take another drug?”
Acetylcysteine is a mucolytic used to help clear respiratory secretions from the airways. For what other purpose can it be used?
  1. Allergic reactions
  2. Pain management
  3. Acetaminophen toxicity
  4. Opioid overdose
What statement by the client indicates an understanding of the education provided for oxymetazoline?
  1. “I should use the spray every day even if my nose is not congested.”
  2. “The drug may take weeks to take full effect.”
  3. “I should not use the drug for more than 3 days.”
  4. “The drug may produce many systemic side effects.”
Clients taking opioid antitussives should be monitored closely for what adverse effect?
  1. Increased heart rate
  2. Insomnia
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Respiratory depression
The nurse should educate clients taking dextromethorphan to avoid what?
  1. Grapefruit juice
  2. Orange juice
  3. Tomatoes
  4. Caffeine
Which statement best describes the action of nasal decongestants?
  1. Nasal decongestants promote mucus production, leading to easier clearance of nasal passages.
  2. Nasal decongestants inhibit histamine release, reducing nasal congestion and inflammation.
  3. Nasal decongestants exert their effect by constricting blood vessels in the nasal mucosa, relieving congestion.
  4. Nasal decongestants decrease the production of prostaglandins, which results in decreased nasal discharge.
Which of the following statements correctly describes the mechanism of action of loratadine?
  1. Loratadine dilates blood vessels in the nasal passages.
  2. Loratadine is a mucolytic.
  3. Loratadine is an H1 receptor antagonist.
  4. Loratadine is a xanthine.
The health care provider orders diphenhydramine 50 mg intramuscularly (IM) for a client with an allergic reaction. The vial contains 25 mg/mL. How many milliliters (mL) should the nurse administer?
  1. 0.5 mL
  2. 1.5 mL
  3. 2 mL
  4. 2.5 mL
A client is prescribed loratadine 10 mg orally once daily for seasonal allergies. The available tablets are 5 mg each. How many tablets should the client take per dose?
  1. 1 tablet
  2. 2 tablets
  3. 3 tablets
  4. 4 tablets

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