Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo
Nutrition for Nurses

Chapter Summary

Nutrition for NursesChapter Summary

  • Nutrition plays a fundamental role in human growth and development, beginning in utero and extending throughout the lifespan.
  • Pregnancy-related conditions that can impact the pregnant client’s nutrition and affect the fetus include hyperemesis gravidarum and gestational diabetes.
  • Appropriate nutrition and a properly functioning endocrine system are essential for growth and development through puberty for children and adolescents.
  • During adulthood, the endocrine system works to maintain homeostasis but eventually begins to exhibit age-related declines. Adults must adjust their nutritional intake accordingly to decrease the risk for developing diabetes and other endocrine disorders.
  • During later adulthood, individuals must maintain adequate nutritional intake to counteract decreased appetite.
  • Endocrine disorders develop either from malfunction of the endocrine gland responsible for secreting a particular hormone (primary disorder) or from pituitary gland malfunction (secondary disorder).
  • Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder. Clients with this condition must closely monitor their diet to limit carbohydrates and manage their caloric intake to regulate their blood glucose levels.
  • Clients with thyroid disorders must manage their intake of iodine-rich foods, selenium, and other key micronutrients to help regulate their thyroid function.
  • Clients with acromegaly may benefit from a ketogenic diet.
  • Diet plays a significant role for individuals with endocrine disorders. However, some medications used to treat these conditions can affect nutrient absorption.
  • Clients with diabetes must balance food intake with insulin or oral antidiabetic medication administration to decrease the risk for hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia.
  • Clients taking levothyroxine for hypothyroidism must take the medication on an empty stomach and avoid certain foods that can inhibit its absorption.
  • Clients taking calcium and loop diuretics are at risk for fractures because these medications decrease calcium and parathyroid hormone levels.
Citation/Attribution

This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at https://openstax.org/books/nutrition/pages/1-introduction
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at https://openstax.org/books/nutrition/pages/1-introduction
Citation information

© Mar 7, 2024 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.