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Nutrition for Nurses

Review Questions

Nutrition for NursesReview Questions

A nurse is educating a pregnant client about factors that affect the fetal microbiome. Which choice, when asked what factors affect their fetus’s microbiome, indicate the need further teaching?
  1. The father’s microbiome
  2. The mother’s microbiome
  3. The child’s diet
  4. Interaction with the environment
What is the caloric intake a nurse should expect the provider to order for a premature infant?
  1. 2000 kcal/day
  2. 120 kcal/kg/day
  3. 100 kcal/kg/day
  4. 1500 kcal/day
The nurse is educating a group of pregnant clients about genetic diseases. Which disease should the nurse explain will need lifelong management due to the individual’s inability to convert lactose into glucose?
  1. Diverticulitis
  2. Ulcerative colitis
  3. Crohn’s disease
  4. Galactosemia
The nurse is teaching a client about the nutritional needs of their adolescent child. Which information should be included in the education?
  1. Young males need fewer calories than young females do.
  2. Adolescent females require 3000 kcal/day.
  3. Fast foods need to be supplanted with healthier options.
  4. Adolescents need less iron intake daily than other age groups.
The nurse is teaching an adult client how to maintain good gut bacteria. Which foods would be appropriate for the client to include in their diet to maintain good gut bacteria?
  1. Blueberries, strawberries, and kiwi
  2. Salmon and tuna
  3. Broccoli and cauliflower
  4. Yogurt, kimchi, and honey
An older adult reports a problem with constipation. Which dietary recommendation is appropriate for this client?
  1. Decrease water intake.
  2. Increase sodium intake.
  3. Decrease calcium intake.
  4. Increase fiber intake.
The nurse is providing teaching to a client with ulcerative colitis. Which nutritional component should be adjusted when the client is in remission?
  1. Water intake
  2. Fiber intake
  3. Iron intake
  4. Potassium intake
The nurse is teaching a client about food substitutions to help improve gut health. Which substitution is appropriate for milk?
  1. Ice cream
  2. Greek yogurt
  3. Kefir
  4. Kombucha
The nurse is working with a client who has diverticulitis and has been prescribed ciprofloxacin. Which food should this client avoid while taking this medication?
  1. Red meat
  2. Milk
  3. Tomatoes
  4. Oatmeal
The nurse is providing discharge education to a client who has been prescribed amoxicillin. Which food should the nurse instruct the client to incorporate into their diet to help prevent medication-related nutrient depletion?
  1. Beans
  2. Whole grains
  3. Sunflower seeds
  4. Kale

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