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Nutrition for Nurses

Review Questions

Nutrition for NursesReview Questions

1.
Based on physiological changes that occur during pregnancy, which nutrients should the nurse encourage a client to eat to support the pulmonary system and fetal development during pregnancy?
  1. Carbohydrates
  2. Vitamin C
  3. Proteins
  4. Vitamin B
2.
Nutritional factors play a role in the development and function of the pulmonary system during infancy. Which nutrient is essential for the development of the pulmonary system?
  1. Iron
  2. Protein
  3. Vitamin C
  4. Omega-3 fatty acids
3.
The nurse is caring for a pregnant client who has nutritional deficits. How should the nurse describe the potential fetal effects from maternal malnourishment?
  1. The fetus will experience lower blood glucose levels.
  2. The fetus will develop a slower-than-normal heart rate.
  3. The fetus may develop cognitive and behavioral delays.
  4. The fetus may experience hormone imbalances.
4.
The nurse is working with a client who was recently diagnosed with asthma and is using a bronchodilator inhaler. Which of the following foods should the nurse instruct the client to minimize or avoid?
  1. Steak
  2. Coffee
  3. Grapefruit
  4. Kale
5.
The nurse is providing prenatal diet instruction for a pregnant client. Which nutrients should the nurse encourage the client to consume to promote explain proper fetal lung function and development?
  1. Proteins, vitamins A, D, and E, and omega-3 fatty acids
  2. Carbohydrates and vitamins A, D, and E
  3. Proteins and iron
  4. Fats, vitamins B12 and B6, and calcium
6.
The nurse is providing discharge teaching for a client with respiratory alterations. Which of the following statements regarding the effects of nutrition on the immune system and lung health should be included in the plan?
  1. Good nutrition is important, although it does not prevent acute respiratory tract infections.
  2. Nutrition only affects lung tissue repair, not the immune system.
  3. Improper nutritional intake alters the immune system but does not impact lung health.
  4. Nutrition plays a role in supporting the immune system to prevent and treat infection and repair lung tissue.
7.
The nurse is instructing the parent of a child recently diagnosed with asthma. Which of the following foods should the nurse instruct the parent to include with the child’s meals to decrease the risk for an asthma exacerbation?
  1. Salmon or other fatty fish
  2. A lean protein such as chicken
  3. At least one serving of fruits and vegetables
  4. A serving of red meat
8.
The nurse is counseling a client experiencing worsening COPD symptoms on diet strategies to minimize the impacts of the disease. Which dietary component is associated with worsening airway inflammation and lung function limitations?
  1. Saturated fats
  2. Carbohydrates
  3. Vitamins
  4. Unsaturated fats
9.
What is the goal of an anti-inflammatory diet for clients with RTI and pneumonia?
  1. To limit the immune system’s response
  2. To increase the immune system’s response
  3. To decrease lung function and reduce coughing
  4. To minimize the duration of and decrease the risk for infections
10.
The nurse is instructing a client on long-term oxygen therapy at home on the role of nutrition in managing the client’s condition. Which of the following statements by the client indicates the client understands the instruction?
  1. “I know my GI tract is not getting as much oxygen as it used to, so I need to make sure I get enough vitamins and minerals in my body.”
  2. “I need to eat whatever I feel like I can – calories are the most important thing.”
  3. “I need to eat as much protein as possible.”
  4. “I need to try to avoid foods high in calcium as these can affect my condition.”
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