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Nutrition for Nurses

Review Questions

Nutrition for NursesReview Questions

A client who has a pre-existing heart condition consults her provider to plan for her next pregnancy. Which statement would the provider need to include in the teaching for a client who has a normal BMI?
  1. “You are able to gain as much weight as you need.”
  2. “You need to increase your caloric intake by 340 calories daily in the second trimester.”
  3. “You need to drink whole milk to help the fetus’s bones develop.”
  4. “You need to refrain from exercising.”
When educating a new client about nutrition for their child to promote heart health, which statement should be included?
  1. “Use only breast milk for the first 6 months of life.”
  2. “At six months, pureed vegetables can be added to the infant’s diet.”
  3. “You can give your infant 100% fruit juice.”
  4. “Healthy eating habits cannot start until later.”
When teaching a client about healthy snack choices for their child to promote heart health, which snack choice would be the most appropriate?
  1. Fruit flavored snacks
  2. Whole milk
  3. Banana
  4. Ice cream
For a client who is following a heart healthy diet, what is the recommended sodium intake?
  1. < 1500 mg/day
  2. < 2300 mg/day
  3. < 3000 mg/day
  4. < 4000 g/day
Which factor can influence teenagers’ nutritional intake but may not have as strong an influence in other age groups?
  1. Social media
  2. Parental guidance
  3. Income level
  4. Availability of food
A teenager comes to the clinic with her parents for concerns about eating disorders. Which long-term complication is associated with eating disorders?
  1. Aortic stenosis
  2. Diverticulitis
  3. Hypokalemia and hyponatremia
  4. Rheumatoid arthritis
A nurse is providing education to a client with a total cholesterol of 240 mg/dL. Which of the following diet strategies needs to be included?
  1. Continue to consume 5–7 alcoholic beverages each week
  2. Decrease intake of red meat and full-fat dairy products
  3. Decrease intake of oatmeal, lentils, and other sources of fiber
  4. Continue the current diet plan— this cholesterol level is within the accepted range
Which of the following would be an example of a DASH diet meal?
  1. Sliced ham, canned corn, and a cup of milk
  2. Fried eggs, bacon, and coffee
  3. Grilled shrimp with whole grain rice and mixed vegetables
  4. Oatmeal, sausage, and apple juice
A client is taking warfarin for a valve replacement. Which food should the nurse include in the teaching that the client should consistently consume?
  1. Asparagus
  2. Potatoes
  3. Water
  4. Protein
The nurse is educating a client on how to eat heart healthy. The client tells the nurse that their typical meal consists of traditional Mexican foods. Which meal chosen would indicate the client understands the instruction?
  1. Beef enchilada with cheese sauce and refried beans
  2. Nachos covered with grilled chicken, cheese, sour cream, and lettuce
  3. Quesadilla with fried shrimp, black beans, and pico de gallo
  4. Grilled chicken, onions, green peppers, and avocado with corn tortillas

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