Fill in the Blank
Processes in which cellular energy is used to make complex molecules from simpler ones are described as ________.
The loss of an electron from a molecule is called ________.
The part of an enzyme to which a substrate binds is called the ________.
Per turn of the Krebs cycle, one acetyl is oxidized, forming ____ CO2, ____ ATP, ____ NADH, and ____ FADH2 molecules.
Most commonly, glycolysis occurs by the ________ pathway.
The final ETS complex used in aerobic respiration that transfers energy-depleted electrons to oxygen to form H2O is called ________.
The passage of hydrogen ions through ________ down their electrochemical gradient harnesses the energy needed for ATP synthesis by oxidative phosphorylation.
The microbe responsible for ethanol fermentation for the purpose of producing alcoholic beverages is ________.
________ results in the production of a mixture of fermentation products, including lactic acid, ethanol and/or acetic acid, and CO2.
Fermenting organisms make ATP through the process of ________.
The process by which two-carbon units are sequentially removed from fatty acids, producing acetyl-CoA, FADH2, and NADH is called ________.
The NADH and FADH2 produced during β-oxidation are used to make ________.
________ is a type of medium used to detect the production of an extracellular protease called caseinase.
The enzyme responsible for CO2 fixation during the Calvin cycle is called ________.
The types of pigment molecules found in plants, algae, and cyanobacteria are ________ and ________.
The molecule central to the carbon cycle that is exchanged within and between ecosystems, being produced by heterotrophs and used by autotrophs, is ________.
The use of microbes to remove pollutants from a contaminated system is called ________.