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Fill in the Blank

MicrobiologyFill in the Blank

Fill in the Blank


Processes in which cellular energy is used to make complex molecules from simpler ones are described as ________.


The loss of an electron from a molecule is called ________.


The part of an enzyme to which a substrate binds is called the ________.


Per turn of the Krebs cycle, one acetyl is oxidized, forming ____ CO2, ____ ATP, ____ NADH, and ____ FADH2 molecules.


Most commonly, glycolysis occurs by the ________ pathway.


The final ETS complex used in aerobic respiration that transfers energy-depleted electrons to oxygen to form H2O is called ________.


The passage of hydrogen ions through ________ down their electrochemical gradient harnesses the energy needed for ATP synthesis by oxidative phosphorylation.


The microbe responsible for ethanol fermentation for the purpose of producing alcoholic beverages is ________.


________ results in the production of a mixture of fermentation products, including lactic acid, ethanol and/or acetic acid, and CO2.


Fermenting organisms make ATP through the process of ________.


The process by which two-carbon units are sequentially removed from fatty acids, producing acetyl-CoA, FADH2, and NADH is called ________.


The NADH and FADH2 produced during β-oxidation are used to make ________.


________ is a type of medium used to detect the production of an extracellular protease called caseinase.


The enzyme responsible for CO2 fixation during the Calvin cycle is called ________.


The types of pigment molecules found in plants, algae, and cyanobacteria are ________ and ________.


The molecule central to the carbon cycle that is exchanged within and between ecosystems, being produced by heterotrophs and used by autotrophs, is ________.


The use of microbes to remove pollutants from a contaminated system is called ________.

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