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MicrobiologyFill in the Blank

Fill in the Blank


The process of making an RNA copy of a gene is called ________.


A cell’s ________ remains constant whereas its phenotype changes in response to environmental influences.


The enzyme responsible for relaxing supercoiled DNA to allow for the initiation of replication is called ________.


Unidirectional replication of a circular DNA molecule like a plasmid that involves nicking one DNA strand and displacing it while synthesizing a new strand is called ________.


A ________ mRNA is one that codes for multiple polypeptides.


The protein complex responsible for removing intron-encoded RNA sequences from primary transcripts in eukaryotes is called the ________.


The third position within a codon, in which changes often result in the incorporation of the same amino acid into the growing polypeptide, is called the ________.


The enzyme that adds an amino acid to a tRNA molecule is called ________.


A chemical mutagen that is structurally similar to a nucleotide but has different base-pairing rules is called a ________.


The enzyme used in light repair to split thymine dimers is called ________.


The phenotype of an organism that is most commonly observed in nature is called the ________.


A small DNA molecule that has the ability to independently excise from one location in a larger DNA molecule and integrate into the DNA elsewhere is called a ________.


________ is a group of mechanisms that allow for the introduction of genetic material from one organism to another organism within the same generation.


The DNA sequence, to which repressors may bind, that lies between the promoter and the first structural gene is called the ________.


The prevention of expression of operons encoding substrate use pathways for substrates other than glucose when glucose is present is called _______.

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