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advanced maternal age
persons 35 years or older at the time of birth
carrier screening
testing offered prior to pregnancy to determine if a couple is at risk for having a child with a particular genetic disorder
disordered eating
maladaptive nutritional practices that are not severe enough to meet the diagnostic criteria for a specific eating disorder but still involve problematic attitudes and behaviors toward food and eating
dyspareunia
pain during sexual intercourse
eating disorder
serious mental health condition characterized by abnormal eating patterns, attitudes, and behaviors toward food and weight; often involves a preoccupation with food, weight, body shape, and a distorted perception of one's body image
excitement phase
phase of the sexual response in which sexual desire and arousal begin in reaction to sexual stimuli, such as physical touch, erotic thoughts, or visual cues
human trafficking
recruiting, transporting, transferring, harboring, or receipt of persons through force, fraud, or coercion for exploitation
intimate partner violence
violence or abuse within an intimate relationship, such as physical assault, sexual violence, emotional or psychologic abuse, controlling behaviors, and economic abuse
kyphosis
rounding of the upper back due to bone loss
menarche
first menstrual period
menarche
onset of menstruation, marking the beginning of reproductive capacity
menopause
permanent cessation of ovarian function, signaling the end of reproductive capability
morbidity
being ill from a particular condition
mortality
death from a particular condition
oogenesis
egg cell development and maturation process within the reproductive system that occurs during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle
orgasmic phase
peak of sexual pleasure and release of accumulated sexual tension
plateau phase
phase of the sexual response in which a heightened state of arousal and sexual tension continues to build as the body prepares for a potential orgasm
preconception risk factors
factors or conditions that can increase the likelihood of complications during pregnancy or affect the fetus’s health if a person becomes pregnant
pubarche
growth of pubic hair
reproductive health
complete physical, mental, and social well-being in all matters related to the reproductive system and its functions
resolution phase
return to baseline where muscles are relaxed and pulse, blood pressure, and respirations return to normal
self-esteem
subjective evaluation of one's worth and capabilities, the degree to which a person believes in their value, abilities, and self-worth
sexual violence
any nonconsensual sexual act or behavior, including rape, sexual assault, sexual harassment, and coerced or forced sexual acts
substance misuse
problematic use of alcohol or drugs that leads to adverse physical, psychologic, social, and functional outcomes
teratogens
substances or agents that can cause congenital abnormalities or birth defects in a developing embryo or fetus during pregnancy
thelarche
growth of breasts
vaginismus
involuntary muscle contractions that make penetration difficult or impossible
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