Fundamentals of Nursing

# B | Equivalents

Measurement Equivalent
Weight
1 kilogram (kg) 1,000 grams (g)
1 gram (g) 1,000 milligrams (mg)
1 milligram (mg) 1,000 micrograms (mcg)
Volume
1 liter (L) 1,000 milliliters (mL)
1 milliliter (mL) 1 cubic centimeter (cc)
Length
1 kilometer (km) 1,000 meters (m)
1 meter (m) 100 centimeters (cm)
1 centimeter (cm) 10 millimeters (mm)
Table B1 Metric Measurements and Equivalents

Measurement Equivalent
1 cup 8 ounces (oz) = 16 tablespoons (tbsp or T)
2 tablespoons (tbsp or T) 1 ounce (oz)
3 teaspoons (tsp or t) 1 tablespoon (tbsp or T)
1 teaspoon (tsp or t) 60 drops (gtt)
Table B2 Household Measurements and Equivalents

Measurement Equivalent
Weight
1 pound (lb) 16 ounces (oz)
1 ounce (oz) 8 drams (dr)
1 dram (dr) 60 grains (gr)
Volume
1 gallon (gal) 4 quarts (qt)
1 quart (qt) 2 pints (pt)
1 pint (pt) 16 ounces (oz)
1 ounce (oz) 8 fluid drams (fl dr)
1 fluid ounce (fl oz) 1 ounce (oz)
1 fluid dram (fl dr) 1 dram (dr)
Table B3 Apothecary Measurements and Equivalents

 1 kg 2.2 lb 1 tsp 5 mL 1 oz 30 mL 1 tbsp 15 mL 2 tbsp 1 oz 1 cup 8 fl oz 1 lb 16 oz 8 oz 240 mL 1 pt 500 mL 1 gtt 0.5 mL
Table B4 Common Conversion Factors