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Table of contents
  1. Preface
  2. 1 Sets
    1. Introduction
    2. 1.1 Basic Set Concepts
    3. 1.2 Subsets
    4. 1.3 Understanding Venn Diagrams
    5. 1.4 Set Operations with Two Sets
    6. 1.5 Set Operations with Three Sets
    7. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Videos
      4. Formula Review
      5. Projects
      6. Chapter Review
      7. Chapter Test
  3. 2 Logic
    1. Introduction
    2. 2.1 Statements and Quantifiers
    3. 2.2 Compound Statements
    4. 2.3 Constructing Truth Tables
    5. 2.4 Truth Tables for the Conditional and Biconditional
    6. 2.5 Equivalent Statements
    7. 2.6 De Morgan’s Laws
    8. 2.7 Logical Arguments
    9. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Videos
      4. Projects
      5. Chapter Review
      6. Chapter Test
  4. 3 Real Number Systems and Number Theory
    1. Introduction
    2. 3.1 Prime and Composite Numbers
    3. 3.2 The Integers
    4. 3.3 Order of Operations
    5. 3.4 Rational Numbers
    6. 3.5 Irrational Numbers
    7. 3.6 Real Numbers
    8. 3.7 Clock Arithmetic
    9. 3.8 Exponents
    10. 3.9 Scientific Notation
    11. 3.10 Arithmetic Sequences
    12. 3.11 Geometric Sequences
    13. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Videos
      4. Formula Review
      5. Projects
      6. Chapter Review
      7. Chapter Test
  5. 4 Number Representation and Calculation
    1. Introduction
    2. 4.1 Hindu-Arabic Positional System
    3. 4.2 Early Numeration Systems
    4. 4.3 Converting with Base Systems
    5. 4.4 Addition and Subtraction in Base Systems
    6. 4.5 Multiplication and Division in Base Systems
    7. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Videos
      4. Projects
      5. Chapter Review
      6. Chapter Test
  6. 5 Algebra
    1. Introduction
    2. 5.1 Algebraic Expressions
    3. 5.2 Linear Equations in One Variable with Applications
    4. 5.3 Linear Inequalities in One Variable with Applications
    5. 5.4 Ratios and Proportions
    6. 5.5 Graphing Linear Equations and Inequalities
    7. 5.6 Quadratic Equations with Two Variables with Applications
    8. 5.7 Functions
    9. 5.8 Graphing Functions
    10. 5.9 Systems of Linear Equations in Two Variables
    11. 5.10 Systems of Linear Inequalities in Two Variables
    12. 5.11 Linear Programming
    13. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Videos
      4. Formula Review
      5. Projects
      6. Chapter Review
      7. Chapter Test
  7. 6 Money Management
    1. Introduction
    2. 6.1 Understanding Percent
    3. 6.2 Discounts, Markups, and Sales Tax
    4. 6.3 Simple Interest
    5. 6.4 Compound Interest
    6. 6.5 Making a Personal Budget
    7. 6.6 Methods of Savings
    8. 6.7 Investments
    9. 6.8 The Basics of Loans
    10. 6.9 Understanding Student Loans
    11. 6.10 Credit Cards
    12. 6.11 Buying or Leasing a Car
    13. 6.12 Renting and Homeownership
    14. 6.13 Income Tax
    15. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Videos
      4. Formula Review
      5. Projects
      6. Chapter Review
      7. Chapter Test
  8. 7 Probability
    1. Introduction
    2. 7.1 The Multiplication Rule for Counting
    3. 7.2 Permutations
    4. 7.3 Combinations
    5. 7.4 Tree Diagrams, Tables, and Outcomes
    6. 7.5 Basic Concepts of Probability
    7. 7.6 Probability with Permutations and Combinations
    8. 7.7 What Are the Odds?
    9. 7.8 The Addition Rule for Probability
    10. 7.9 Conditional Probability and the Multiplication Rule
    11. 7.10 The Binomial Distribution
    12. 7.11 Expected Value
    13. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Formula Review
      4. Projects
      5. Chapter Review
      6. Chapter Test
  9. 8 Statistics
    1. Introduction
    2. 8.1 Gathering and Organizing Data
    3. 8.2 Visualizing Data
    4. 8.3 Mean, Median and Mode
    5. 8.4 Range and Standard Deviation
    6. 8.5 Percentiles
    7. 8.6 The Normal Distribution
    8. 8.7 Applications of the Normal Distribution
    9. 8.8 Scatter Plots, Correlation, and Regression Lines
    10. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Videos
      4. Formula Review
      5. Projects
      6. Chapter Review
      7. Chapter Test
  10. 9 Metric Measurement
    1. Introduction
    2. 9.1 The Metric System
    3. 9.2 Measuring Area
    4. 9.3 Measuring Volume
    5. 9.4 Measuring Weight
    6. 9.5 Measuring Temperature
    7. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Videos
      4. Formula Review
      5. Projects
      6. Chapter Review
      7. Chapter Test
  11. 10 Geometry
    1. Introduction
    2. 10.1 Points, Lines, and Planes
    3. 10.2 Angles
    4. 10.3 Triangles
    5. 10.4 Polygons, Perimeter, and Circumference
    6. 10.5 Tessellations
    7. 10.6 Area
    8. 10.7 Volume and Surface Area
    9. 10.8 Right Triangle Trigonometry
    10. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Videos
      4. Formula Review
      5. Projects
      6. Chapter Review
      7. Chapter Test
  12. 11 Voting and Apportionment
    1. Introduction
    2. 11.1 Voting Methods
    3. 11.2 Fairness in Voting Methods
    4. 11.3 Standard Divisors, Standard Quotas, and the Apportionment Problem
    5. 11.4 Apportionment Methods
    6. 11.5 Fairness in Apportionment Methods
    7. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Videos
      4. Formula Review
      5. Projects
      6. Chapter Review
      7. Chapter Test
  13. 12 Graph Theory
    1. Introduction
    2. 12.1 Graph Basics
    3. 12.2 Graph Structures
    4. 12.3 Comparing Graphs
    5. 12.4 Navigating Graphs
    6. 12.5 Euler Circuits
    7. 12.6 Euler Trails
    8. 12.7 Hamilton Cycles
    9. 12.8 Hamilton Paths
    10. 12.9 Traveling Salesperson Problem
    11. 12.10 Trees
    12. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Videos
      4. Formula Review
      5. Projects
      6. Chapter Review
      7. Chapter Test
  14. 13 Math and...
    1. Introduction
    2. 13.1 Math and Art
    3. 13.2 Math and the Environment
    4. 13.3 Math and Medicine
    5. 13.4 Math and Music
    6. 13.5 Math and Sports
    7. Chapter Summary
      1. Key Terms
      2. Key Concepts
      3. Formula Review
      4. Projects
      5. Chapter Review
      6. Chapter Test
  15. A | Co-Req Appendix: Integer Powers of 10
  16. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
    12. Chapter 12
    13. Chapter 13
  17. Index

Chapter Review

Section 13.1 Math and Art
1 .
A person’s length from their belly button to the floor is 25 in. What is the person’s approximate height rounded to the nearest inch?
2 .
The spiral seeds on a fruit mirror the Fibonacci sequence. If a row of the spiral contains 34 leaves, how many leaves would be found on the next larger spiral of seeds?
3 .
The seeds on a sunflower mirror the Fibonacci sequence. If a circular layer on the sunflower contains 89 seeds, approximately how many seeds would be found on the next larger circular layer?
4 .
A term of the Fibonacci sequence is 17,711 and the previous term is 10,946. What is the following term of the sequence?
5 .
The 35th term of the Fibonacci sequence is 9,227,465. Use the approximate value of ϕ of 1.618 to estimate the 34th term. Round your answer to the nearest whole number.
6 .
A frame has dimensions of 16 in by 24 in. Calculate the ratio of the sides rounded to the nearest tenth and determine if the size approximates a golden rectangle.
Section 13.2 Math and the Environment
7 .
An average toilet uses 5 gal of water per flush. A high-efficiency toilet uses about 1.25 gal per flush. How much water would a household save in a month (30 days) if the toilet was flushed 6 times a day?
8 .
When washing dishes, leaving the faucet running utilizes about 15 gal every 5 minutes, whereas filling the sink and turning the faucet off except to rinse the dishes uses about 6 gal for washing a dishpan-sized load of dishes. How much water is saved by not leaving the faucet running if it takes 10 minutes to wash a dishpan-sized load of dishes each day for a year containing 30 days in each month?
9 .
Leaving the water running when washing your hands consumes about 4 gal of water, whereas turning the water off when lathering reduces the water used to 1 gal. How much water is saved in an apartment of 4 people in 6 months (180 days) if each person averages washing their hands twice a day?
10 .
How long would it take for an energy-saving light bulb to consume 1 kW of power if the bulb is rated at 2.5 W? Round your answer to the nearest hour.
11 .
How long would it take for a 60 W light bulb to consume 1 kW of power? Round your answer to the nearest hour.
12 .
A portable fan uses about 40 W. How many kilowatt-hours are needed to run the fan during a 10-day trip if the fan is run for an average of 3.5 hours a day?
Section 13.3 Math and Medicine
13 .
In a 2% solution of lidocaine, how many milligrams are there per milliliter?
14 .
You are prescribed a nebulizer solution to aid with asthma. If the solution is 0.7% w/v, what volume is needed to deliver a 7 mg dose?
15 .
A prescription calls for a patient to receive 17 mg of a drug to be taken in oral form. If the pills are available in 3.4 mg, how many pills will the patient need daily?
16 .
A prescription calls for a patient to receive 9 mg daily of a drug to be taken daily for 10 days. If the pills are available in 2.25 mg, how many pills are needed to fill the prescription?
17 .
A patient is prescribed 2 mg/kg of a drug to be delivered daily intramuscularly, divided into three doses. If the patient weighs 30 kg, how many milligrams of the drug is needed for each dose?
18 .
A patient is prescribed 0.75 mg/kg of a drug to be delivered intramuscularly once per day. If the drug is available in 2.5 mg/mL and the patient weighs 63 kg, how many milliliters of the drug should be given per day?
Section 13.4 Math and Music
19 .
Select the most representative sound registering 50 dB: airport gate noise, light rain on a car, dirt bike racing.
20 .
Select the most representative sound registering 100 dB: city traffic when in a car with windows rolled up, children playing on a school playground, professional sporting event such as football.
21 .
What frequency range can teenagers typically hear but adults over 20 are often not able to hear?
22 .
What is three whole steps up from G#?
23 .
What is one half-step down from F?
24 .
What is an octave above D3?
25 .
Given that the frequency of A 4 = 440 H z , what is the frequency of A6?
Section 13.5 Math and Sports
For the following exercises, compute how many games would be played in the style of tournament and number of teams given in each question. Assume all tournaments are single round-round or single-elimination.
26 .
How many games would be played with 10 teams using a round-robin tournament?
27 .
How many games would be played with 25 teams using a round-robin tournament?
28 .
How many games would be played with 12 teams using a round-robin tournament?
29 .
How many games would be played with 4 teams using a single-elimination tournament?
30 .
How many games would be played with 9 teams using a single-elimination tournament?
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