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College Physics

Introduction to Heat and Heat Transfer Methods

College PhysicsIntroduction to Heat and Heat Transfer Methods

In figure a, a girl is standing with her hands inside her warm jacket. Behind the girl’s body appears a big wavy upward orange colored arrow. In figure b, the globe of Earth is shown. The Earth’s molten interior is visible through a cross-section in the front of the globe.
Figure 14.1 (a) The chilling effect of a clear breezy night is produced by the wind and by radiative heat transfer to cold outer space. (b) There was once great controversy about the Earth’s age, but it is now generally accepted to be about 4.5 billion years old. Much of the debate is centered on the Earth’s molten interior. According to our understanding of heat transfer, if the Earth is really that old, its center should have cooled off long ago. The discovery of radioactivity in rocks revealed the source of energy that keeps the Earth’s interior molten, despite heat transfer to the surface, and from there to cold outer space.

Chapter Outline

14.1 Heat
  • Define heat as transfer of energy.
14.2 Temperature Change and Heat Capacity
  • Observe heat transfer and change in temperature and mass.
  • Calculate final temperature after heat transfer between two objects.
14.3 Phase Change and Latent Heat
  • Examine heat transfer.
  • Calculate final temperature from heat transfer.
14.4 Heat Transfer Methods
  • Discuss the different methods of heat transfer.
14.5 Conduction
  • Calculate thermal conductivity.
  • Observe conduction of heat in collisions.
  • Study thermal conductivities of common substances.
14.6 Convection
  • Discuss the method of heat transfer by convection.
14.7 Radiation
  • Discuss heat transfer by radiation.
  • Explain the power of different materials.

Energy can exist in many forms and heat is one of the most intriguing. Heat is often hidden, as it only exists when in transit, and is transferred by a number of distinctly different methods. Heat transfer touches every aspect of our lives and helps us understand how the universe functions. It explains the chill we feel on a clear breezy night, or why Earth’s core has yet to cool. This chapter defines and explores heat transfer, its effects, and the methods by which heat is transferred. These topics are fundamental, as well as practical, and will often be referred to in the chapters ahead.

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