College Physics for AP® Courses

# Chapter 22

College Physics for AP® CoursesChapter 22

## Problems & Exercises

1.

(a) Left (West)

(b) Into the page

(c) Up (North)

(d) No force

(e) Right (East)

(f) Down (South)

3.

(a) East (right)

(b) Into page

(c) South (down)

5.

(a) Into page

(b) West (left)

(c) Out of page

7.

$7.50×10−7 N7.50×10−7 N size 12{7 "." "50" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 7} } " N"} {}$ perpendicular to both the magnetic field lines and the velocity

9.

(a) $3.01×10−5 T3.01×10−5 T size 12{3 "." "01" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 5} } " T"} {}$

(b) This is slightly less then the magnetic field strength of $5×10−5T5×10−5T size 12{5 times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 5} } T} {}$ at the surface of the Earth, so it is consistent.

11.

(a) $6.67×10−10 C6.67×10−10 C$ (taking the Earth’s field to be $5.00×10−5 T5.00×10−5 T size 12{5 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 5} } " T"} {}$)

(b) Less than typical static, therefore difficult

12.

4.27 m

14.

(a) 0.261 T

(b) This strength is definitely obtainable with today’s technology. Magnetic field strengths of 0.500 T are obtainable with permanent magnets.

16.

$4 . 36 × 10 − 4 m 4 . 36 × 10 − 4 m size 12{4 "." "36" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 4} } " m"} {}$

18.

(a) 3.00 kV/m

(b) 30.0 V

20.

0.173 m

22.

$7 . 50 × 10 − 4 V 7 . 50 × 10 − 4 V$

24.

(a) 1.18 × 10 3 m/s

(b) Once established, the Hall emf pushes charges one direction and the magnetic force acts in the opposite direction resulting in no net force on the charges. Therefore, no current flows in the direction of the Hall emf. This is the same as in a current-carrying conductor—current does not flow in the direction of the Hall emf.

26.

11.3 mV

28.

$1. 16 μV 1. 16 μV size 12{1 "." "47""μV"} {}$

30.

2.00 T

31.

(a) west (left)

(b) into page

(c) north (up)

(d) no force

(e) east (right)

(f) south (down)

33.

(a) into page

(b) west (left)

(c) out of page

35.

(a) 2.50 N

(b) This is about half a pound of force per 100 m of wire, which is much less than the weight of the wire itself. Therefore, it does not cause any special concerns.

37.

1.80 T

39.

(a) $30º30º size 12{"30"°} {}$

(b) 4.80 N

41.

(a) $τ τ size 12{" τ"} {}$ decreases by 5.00% if B decreases by 5.00%

(b) 5.26% increase

43.

10.0 A

45.

$A⋅m2⋅T=A⋅m2NA⋅m=N⋅mA⋅m2⋅T=A⋅m2NA⋅m=N⋅m size 12{A cdot m rSup { size 8{2} } cdot T=A cdot m rSup { size 8{2} } left ( { {N} over {A cdot m} } right )=N cdot m} {}$.

47.

$3 . 48 × 10 − 26 N ⋅ m 3 . 48 × 10 − 26 N ⋅ m size 12{3 "." "48" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - "26"} } N cdot m} {}$

49.

(a) $0.666 N⋅m0.666 N⋅m size 12{0 "." "666"N cdot m} {}$ west

(b) This is not a very significant torque, so practical use would be limited. Also, the current would need to be alternated to make the loop rotate (otherwise it would oscillate).

50.

(a) 8.53 N, repulsive

(b) This force is repulsive and therefore there is never a risk that the two wires will touch and short circuit.

52.

400 A in the opposite direction

54.

(a) $1.67×10−3N/m1.67×10−3N/m size 12{1 "." "67" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 3} } "N/m"} {}$

(b) $3.33×10−3 N/m3.33×10−3 N/m size 12{3 "." "33" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 3} } " N/m"} {}$

(c) Repulsive

(d) No, these are very small forces

56.

(a) Top wire: $2.65×10−4N/m2.65×10−4N/m$ s, $10.9º10.9º size 12{"10" "." 9°} {}$ to left of up

(b) Lower left wire: $3.61×10−4N/m3.61×10−4N/m size 12{3 "." "61" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 4} } "N/m"} {}$, $13.9º13.9º size 12{"13" "." 9°} {}$ down from right

(c) Lower right wire: $3.46×10−4N/m3.46×10−4N/m size 12{3 "." "46" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 4} } "N/m"} {}$, $30.0º30.0º size 12{"30" "." 0°} {}$ down from left

58.

(a) right-into page, left-out of page

(b) right-out of page, left-into page

(c) right-out of page, left-into page

60.

(a) clockwise

(b) clockwise as seen from the left

(c) clockwise as seen from the right

61.

$1 . 01 × 10 13 T 1 . 01 × 10 13 T size 12{1 "." "01" times "10" rSup { size 8{"13"} } " T"} {}$

63.

(a) $4.80×10−4T4.80×10−4T size 12{4 "." "80" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 4} } T} {}$

(b) Zero

(c) If the wires are not paired, the field is about 10 times stronger than Earth’s magnetic field and so could severely disrupt the use of a compass.

65.

39.8 A

67.

(a) $3.14×10−5T3.14×10−5T size 12{3 "." "14" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 5} } T} {}$

(b) 0.314 T

69.

$7.55×10−5T7.55×10−5T$, $23.4º23.4º$

71.

10.0 A

73.

(a) $9.09×10−7N9.09×10−7N size 12{9 "." "09" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 7} } N} {}$ upward

(b) $3.03×10−5m/s23.03×10−5m/s2 size 12{3 "." "03" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 5} } "m/s" rSup { size 8{2} } } {}$

75.

60.2 cm

77.

(a) $1.02×103N/m21.02×103N/m2 size 12{1 "." "02" times "10" rSup { size 8{3} } "N/m" rSup { size 8{2} } } {}$

(b) Not a significant fraction of an atmosphere

79.

$17 . 0 × 10 − 4 %/ºC 17 . 0 × 10 − 4 %/ºC size 12{"17" "." 0 times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 4} } "%/"°C} {}$

81.

18.3 MHz

83.

(a) Straight up

(b) $6.00×10−4N/m6.00×10−4N/m size 12{6 "." "00" times "10" rSup { size 8{ - 4} } "N/m"} {}$

(c) $94.1 μm94.1 μm size 12{"94" "." 1"μm"} {}$

(d)2.47 Ω/m, 49.4 V/m

85.

(a) 571 C

(b) Impossible to have such a large separated charge on such a small object.

(c) The 1.00-N force is much too great to be realistic in the Earth’s field.

87.

(a) $2.40 × 10 6 m/s 2.40 × 10 6 m/s size 12{2 "." "40" times "10" rSup { size 8{6} } " m" rSup { size 8{3} } "/s"} {}$

(b) The speed is too high to be practical $≤≤$ 1% speed of light

(c) The assumption that you could reasonably generate such a voltage with a single wire in the Earth’s field is unreasonable

89.

(a) 25.0 kA

(b) This current is unreasonably high. It implies a total power delivery in the line of 50.0x10^9 W, which is much too high for standard transmission lines.

(c)100 meters is a long distance to obtain the required field strength. Also coaxial cables are used for transmission lines so that there is virtually no field for DC power lines, because of cancellation from opposing currents. The surveyor’s concerns are not a problem for his magnetic field measurements.

## Test Prep for AP® Courses

1.

(a)

3.

(b)

5.

(b)

7.

(a)

9.

(b)

11.

(e)

13.

(c)

15.

(c)

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