Skip to ContentGo to accessibility pageKeyboard shortcuts menu
OpenStax Logo

American Heart Association. (2019). RACE: Rapid Arterial oCclusion Evaluation scale—A stroke assessment tool for EMS. American Heart Association.https://www.heart.org/-/media/files/affiliates/mwa/nebraska-ml-stroke/hospital-toolkit/race.pdf?la=en

American Heart Association. (n.d.). Understand your risks to prevent a heart attack. American Heart Association. https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/heart-attack/understand-your-risks-to-prevent-a-heart-attack

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Heart disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/about.htm

El Ammar F., Ardelt, A., Del Brutto, V. J., Loggini, A., Bulwa, Z., Martinez, R. C., McKoy, C. J., Brorson, J., Mansour, A., & Goldenberg, F. D. (2020). BE-FAST: A sensitive screening tool to identify in-hospital acute ischemic stroke. Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Disease. 29(7), 104821. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2020.104821

Fussner, J., & Velasco, C. (n.d.) Assessing stroke—Scores & scales. American Stroke Association. https://www.stroke.org/-/media/files/affiliates/gra/gra-qsi/2019-scbc-presentations/5--assessing-stroke--scores--scales.pdf

Kumma, W. P., Lintjorn, B., & Loha, E. (2022, April 4). Modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors among adults in southern Ethiopia: A community-based cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 12(4), e057930. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2021-057930

Lent-Schochet, D., & Jialal, I. (2023, May 1). Physiology, edema. In StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK537065

National Institute for Care and Health Excellence. (2023, December 14). Cardiovascular disease: Risk assessment and reduction, including lipid modification. (NICE guideline [NG238]). https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng238/chapter/Recommendations

Patel, S. K., & Surowiec, S. M. (2023, July 18). Venous insufficiency. In StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK430975

Swenty, C., & Hall, M. (2020, November/December). Peripheral vascular disease. Home Healthcare Now 38(6), 294–301. https://www.nursingcenter.com/cearticle?an=01845097-202011000-00002&Journal_ID=2695880&Issue_ID=5700452#TT3

World Health Organization. (2021, June 11). Cardiovascular diseases (CVD). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cardiovascular-diseases-(cvds)

Citation/Attribution

This book may not be used in the training of large language models or otherwise be ingested into large language models or generative AI offerings without OpenStax's permission.

Want to cite, share, or modify this book? This book uses the Creative Commons Attribution License and you must attribute OpenStax.

Attribution information
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a print format, then you must include on every physical page the following attribution:
    Access for free at https://openstax.org/books/clinical-nursing-skills/pages/1-introduction
  • If you are redistributing all or part of this book in a digital format, then you must include on every digital page view the following attribution:
    Access for free at https://openstax.org/books/clinical-nursing-skills/pages/1-introduction
Citation information

© Jun 12, 2024 OpenStax. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License . The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not subject to the Creative Commons license and may not be reproduced without the prior and express written consent of Rice University.