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  1. Preface
  2. 1 Why Ethics Matter
    1. Introduction
    2. 1.1 Being a Professional of Integrity
    3. 1.2 Ethics and Profitability
    4. 1.3 Multiple versus Single Ethical Standards
    5. Summary
    6. Key Terms
    7. Assessment Questions
    8. End Notes
  3. 2 Ethics from Antiquity to the Present
    1. Introduction
    2. 2.1 The Concept of Ethical Business in Ancient Athens
    3. 2.2 Ethical Advice for Nobles and Civil Servants in Ancient China
    4. 2.3 Comparing the Virtue Ethics of East and West
    5. 2.4 Utilitarianism: The Greatest Good for the Greatest Number
    6. 2.5 Deontology: Ethics as Duty
    7. 2.6 A Theory of Justice
    8. Summary
    9. Key Terms
    10. Assessment Questions
    11. End Notes
  4. 3 Defining and Prioritizing Stakeholders
    1. Introduction
    2. 3.1 Adopting a Stakeholder Orientation
    3. 3.2 Weighing Stakeholder Claims
    4. 3.3 Ethical Decision-Making and Prioritizing Stakeholders
    5. 3.4 Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  5. 4 Three Special Stakeholders: Society, the Environment, and Government
    1. Introduction
    2. 4.1 Corporate Law and Corporate Responsibility
    3. 4.2 Sustainability: Business and the Environment
    4. 4.3 Government and the Private Sector
    5. Summary
    6. Key Terms
    7. Assessment Questions
    8. End Notes
  6. 5 The Impact of Culture and Time on Business Ethics
    1. Introduction
    2. 5.1 The Relationship between Business Ethics and Culture
    3. 5.2 Business Ethics over Time
    4. 5.3 The Influence of Geography and Religion
    5. 5.4 Are the Values Central to Business Ethics Universal?
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  7. 6 What Employers Owe Employees
    1. Introduction
    2. 6.1 The Workplace Environment and Working Conditions
    3. 6.2 What Constitutes a Fair Wage?
    4. 6.3 An Organized Workforce
    5. 6.4 Privacy in the Workplace
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  8. 7 What Employees Owe Employers
    1. Introduction
    2. 7.1 Loyalty to the Company
    3. 7.2 Loyalty to the Brand and to Customers
    4. 7.3 Contributing to a Positive Work Atmosphere
    5. 7.4 Financial Integrity
    6. 7.5 Criticism of the Company and Whistleblowing
    7. Summary
    8. Key Terms
    9. Assessment Questions
    10. End Notes
  9. 8 Recognizing and Respecting the Rights of All
    1. Introduction
    2. 8.1 Diversity and Inclusion in the Workforce
    3. 8.2 Accommodating Different Abilities and Faiths
    4. 8.3 Sexual Identification and Orientation
    5. 8.4 Income Inequalities
    6. 8.5 Animal Rights and the Implications for Business
    7. Summary
    8. Key Terms
    9. Assessment Questions
    10. End Notes
  10. 9 Professions under the Microscope
    1. Introduction
    2. 9.1 Entrepreneurship and Start-Up Culture
    3. 9.2 The Influence of Advertising
    4. 9.3 The Insurance Industry
    5. 9.4 Ethical Issues in the Provision of Health Care
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  11. 10 Changing Work Environments and Future Trends
    1. Introduction
    2. 10.1 More Telecommuting or Less?
    3. 10.2 Workplace Campuses
    4. 10.3 Alternatives to Traditional Patterns of Work
    5. 10.4 Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and the Workplace of the Future
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  12. 11 Epilogue: Why Ethics Still Matter
    1. Introduction
    2. 11.1 Business Ethics in an Evolving Environment
    3. 11.2 Committing to an Ethical View
    4. 11.3 Becoming an Ethical Professional
    5. 11.4 Making a Difference in the Business World
    6. End Notes
  13. A | The Lives of Ethical Philosophers
  14. B | Profiles in Business Ethics: Contemporary Thought Leaders
  15. C | A Succinct Theory of Business Ethics
  16. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
  17. Index
12020 Women on Boards, “2020 Gender Diversity Index Key Findings,” 2016. https://www.2020wob.com/companies/2020-gender-diversity-index (accessed January 5, 2018).
2Valentina Zarya, “The Percentage of Female CEOs in the Fortune 500 Drops to 4%,” Fortune, June 6, 2016. http://fortune.com/2016/06/06/women-ceos-fortune-500-2016/.
3Elizabeth Olsen, “Study Finds Only Modest Gains by Women and Minorities on Fortune 500 Boards,” New York Times, February 5, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/05/business/dealbook/fortune-500-board-directors-diversity.html.
4R.G. Ehrenberg and G.H. Jacubson, “Why WARN? The Impact of Recent Plant-Closing and Layoff Prenotification Legislation in the United States [electronic version]” in Employment Security and Labor Market Behavior, ed. C. Buechtemann. (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993: 200–214).
5Occupational Safety and Health Act, 29 U.S.C. §651 et seq. (1970)
6Occupational Safety and Health Act, 29 U.S.C. §651 et seq. (1970)
7Occupational Safety & Health Administration, “Top Enforcement Cases Based on Total Issued Penalty,” U.S. Department of Labor. https://www.osha.gov/dep/enforcement/top_cases.html (accessed January 5, 2018).
8Occupational Safety & Health Administration, “Top Enforcement Cases Based on Total Issued Penalty,” U.S. Department of Labor. https://www.osha.gov/dep/enforcement/top_cases.html (accessed January 5, 2018).
9Occupational Safety & Health Administration, “Top Enforcement Cases Based on Total Issued Penalty,” U.S. Department of Labor. https://www.osha.gov/dep/enforcement/top_cases.html (accessed January 5, 2018).
10U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, “Statistics.” https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/statistics/ (accessed April 22, 2018).
11Civil Rights Act, § 7, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq. (1964).
12U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, “Sexual harassment.” https://www1.eeoc.gov//laws/types/sexual_harassment.cfm?renderforprint=1 (accessed July 11, 2018).
13Jeffrey Dastin, “American Apparel Names New CEO, Officially Ousts Founder,” Reuters, December 16, 2014. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-american-apparel-managementchanges-idUSKBN0JU2J220141216; Julie Carrie Wong, “Uber CEO Travis Kalanick Resigns Following Months of Chaos,” The Guardian, June 21, 2017. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jun/20/uber-ceo-travis-kalanick-resigns.
14Susan Chira and Catrin Einhorn, “How Tough Is It to Change a Culture of Harassment? Ask Women at Ford,” New York Times, December 19, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/12/19/us/ford-chicago-sexual-harassment.html.
15Susan Chira and Catrin Einhorn, How Tough Is It to Change a Culture of Harassment? Ask Women at Ford,” New York Times, December 19, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/12/19/us/ford-chicago-sexual-harassment.html.
16Barry Moltz, “Seven Secrets to Keeping Your Employees Happy,” American Express Small Business, August 24, 2017. https://www.americanexpress.com/us/small-business/openforum/articles/7-secrets-to-keeping-your-employees-happy/.
17David Z. Morris, “New French Law Bars Work Email After Hours,” Fortune, January 1, 2017. http://fortune.com/2017/01/01/french-right-to-disconnect-law/.
18Stephen Miller, “Millennials in the Dark About Their Benefits,” SHRM.org, October 25, 2016. https://www.shrm.org/resourcesandtools/hr-topics/benefits/pages/millennials-benefits.
19Investopedia, “Top Ten Reasons to Work at Google,” Investopedia. https://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/060315/top-10-reasons-work-google.asp.
20Sohrab Kohli and Rob Levy, “Employee Financial Health: How Companies Can Invest in Workplace Wellness,” Center for Financial Service Information, May 30, 2017. http://cfsinnovation.org/research/employee-financial-health/.
21Drew Desilver, “For Most Workers, Real Wages Have Barely Budged for Decades,” Pew Research Center, October 9, 2014. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/10/09/for-most-workers-real-wages-have-barely-budged-for-decades/.
22Lawrence Mishel, Elise Gould, and Josh Bivens, “Wage Stagnation in Nine Charts,” Economic Policy Institute, January 6, 2015. http://www.epi.org/publication/charting-wage-stagnation/.
23Lawrence Mishel, Elise Gould, and Josh Bivens, “Wage Stagnation in Nine Charts,” Economic Policy Institute, January 6, 2015. http://www.epi.org/publication/charting-wage-stagnation/.
24Ariane Hegewisch and Angela Edwards, “The Gender Wage Gap: 2011,” Institute for Women’s Policy Research, September 2012. https://iwpr.org/publications/the-gender-wage-gap-2011/ (accessed July 12, 2018).
25The Republic, “The Gender Wage Gap in 6 Charts,” azcentral.com, April 6, 2017. https://www.azcentral.com/story/money/business/economy/2017/04/06/gender-wage-gap-6-charts/100122100/.
26Kurt Stanberry and Forrest Aven, “Unequal pay for equal work. Why women still lag behind after the 50th anniversary of the U.S. Equal Pay Act,” Compensation and Benefits Review Journal, 45, no. 4, (2013): 193–199.
27Kevin Miller, “The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap,” American Association of University Women. https://www.aauw.org/research/the-simple-truth-about-the-gender-pay-gap/ (accessed April 23, 2018).
28Kurt Stanberry and Forrest Aven, “Unequal pay for equal work. Why women still lag behind after the 50th anniversary of the U.S. Equal Pay Act,” Compensation and Benefits Review Journal, 45, no. 4 (2013): 193–199.
29George Mason University, “Study Reveals the Secrets to Negotiating a Higher Salary,” October 20, 2010. https://eagle.gmu.edu/newsroom/843/.
30Laura Lyons Cole, “Iceland’s New Law Aimed at Eliminating the gender pay gap places the Country in Stark Contrast to the United States,” Business Insider, January 4, 2018. http://www.businessinsider.com/iceland-gender-pay-gap-law-2018-1.
31Laura Lyons Cole, “Iceland’s New Law Aimed at Eliminating the Gender Pay Gap Places the Country in Stark Contrast to the United States,” Business Insider, January 4, 2018. http://www.businessinsider.com/iceland-gender-pay-gap-law-2018-1.
32Liz Alderman, “Britain Aims to Close Gender Pay Gap with Transparency and Shame,” New York Times, April 4, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/04/business/britain-gender-pay-gap.html.
33“The Gender Pay Gap,” The Economist, October 7, 2017. https://www.economist.com/news/international/21729993-women-still-earn-lot-less-men-despite-decades-equal-pay-laws-why-gender.
34Lauren Lyons Cole, “Iceland’s New Law Aimed at Eliminating the Gender Pay Gap Places the Country in Stark Contrast to the US,” Business Insider, January 4, 2018. http://uk.businessinsider.com/iceland-gender-pay-gap-law-2018-1?IR=T&r=US
35Jena McGregor, “Will Bans on Asking about Salary History Work?” Houston Chronicle, November 19, 2017. http://digital.olivesoftware.com/Olive/ODN/HoustonChronicle/shared/ShowArticle.aspx?doc=HHC%2F2017%2F11%2F19&entity=Ar04514&sk=921F5F6D&mode=text.
36“Korn Ferry Executive Survey: New Laws Forbidding Questions on Salary History Likely Changes the Game for Most Employers,” Korn Ferry, November 14, 2017. https://www.kornferry.com/press/korn-ferry-executive-survey-new-laws-forbidding-questions-on-salary-history-likely-changes-the-game-for-most-employers/ (accessed January 25, 2018).
37Peter Georgescu, “What Are We Waiting For?” Forbes, January 24, 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/petergeorgescu/2018/01/24/what-are-we-waiting-for/#6d32c7c556e3.
38Michael Wheeler,“3 years Ago, This Boss Set a $70,000 Minimum Wage for his Employees—and the Move Is Still Paying Off,” CNBC, August 29, 2017. https://www.cnbc.com/2017/08/29/this-boss-set-a-70000-minimum-wage-for-his-employees-3-years-ago.html.
39Michael Wheeler, “3 years Ago, This Boss Set a $70,000 Minimum Wage for his Employees—and the Move Is Still Paying Off,” CNBC, August 29, 2017. https://www.cnbc.com/2017/08/29/this-boss-set-a-70000-minimum-wage-for-his-employees-3-years-ago.html.
40Deep Patel, “Can This Shark Tank Company Take on an Industry Working a Five-Hour Day?” Huffington Post, June 3, 2016. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/deep-patel/can-this-shark-tank-compa_b_10243974.html.
41U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Union Members Summary.” https://www.bls.gov/news.release/union2.nr0.htm (accessed January 5, 2018).
42Ewan McGaughey, “The Codetermination Bargains: The History of German Corporate and Labor Law,” Columbia Journal of European Law, 23, no. 1 (2016); LSE Legal Studies Working Paper No. 10/2015. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2579932.
43“Trade Union Membership Compared,” Nationmaster. http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/Labor/Trade-union-membership#country (accessed July 12, 2018).
44Michael Haberman, Why Unions Are Bad For Companies, Employees and Customers,” Omega, June 25, 2009. http://omegahrsolutions.com/2009/06/why-unions-are-bad-for-companies-employees-and-customers.html.
45“The Productivity–Pay Gap,” Economic Policy Institute. https://www.epi.org/productivity-pay-gap/ (accessed April 22, 2018).
46David Johnson, “These are the Most Productive Countries in the World,” Time, January 4, 2017.
47Paul Hodgson, “Top CEOs Make More Than 300 Times the Average Worker,” Fortune, June 22, 2015. http://fortune.com/2015/06/22/ceo-vs-worker-pay/.
48Steve McDonnell, “CEO Compensation in the US vs. the World,” Houston Chronicle. http://work.chron.com/ceo-compensation-vs-world-15509.html (accessed January 15, 2018).
49“Managing Workplace Monitoring and Surveillance,” SHRM.org, February 18, 2016. https://www.shrm.org/resourcesandtools/tools-and-samples/toolkits/pages/workplaceprivacy.aspx (accessed January 15, 2018).
50Electronic Communications Privacy Act, 18 U.S.C. §2511 et seq. (1986).
51Another Evil HR Director, “Privacy in the Workplace,” HRInConfidence, June 13, 2013. http://www.hrinconfidence.com/2013_06_01_archive.html
52Ontario v. Quon, 560 U.S. 746 (2010).
53Legal Information Institute, “Expectation of Privacy,” Cornell Law School. https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/expectation_of_privacy (accessed April 22, 2018).
54Mark Rothstein, “Workplace Drug Testing: A Case Study in the Misapplication of Technology,” Harvard Journal of Law and Technology 5, Fall (1991): 65–93.
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