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Business Ethics

Assessment Questions

Business EthicsAssessment Questions
  1. Preface
  2. 1 Why Ethics Matter
    1. Introduction
    2. 1.1 Being a Professional of Integrity
    3. 1.2 Ethics and Profitability
    4. 1.3 Multiple versus Single Ethical Standards
    5. Summary
    6. Key Terms
    7. Assessment Questions
    8. End Notes
  3. 2 Ethics from Antiquity to the Present
    1. Introduction
    2. 2.1 The Concept of Ethical Business in Ancient Athens
    3. 2.2 Ethical Advice for Nobles and Civil Servants in Ancient China
    4. 2.3 Comparing the Virtue Ethics of East and West
    5. 2.4 Utilitarianism: The Greatest Good for the Greatest Number
    6. 2.5 Deontology: Ethics as Duty
    7. 2.6 A Theory of Justice
    8. Summary
    9. Key Terms
    10. Assessment Questions
    11. End Notes
  4. 3 Defining and Prioritizing Stakeholders
    1. Introduction
    2. 3.1 Adopting a Stakeholder Orientation
    3. 3.2 Weighing Stakeholder Claims
    4. 3.3 Ethical Decision-Making and Prioritizing Stakeholders
    5. 3.4 Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  5. 4 Three Special Stakeholders: Society, the Environment, and Government
    1. Introduction
    2. 4.1 Corporate Law and Corporate Responsibility
    3. 4.2 Sustainability: Business and the Environment
    4. 4.3 Government and the Private Sector
    5. Summary
    6. Key Terms
    7. Assessment Questions
    8. End Notes
  6. 5 The Impact of Culture and Time on Business Ethics
    1. Introduction
    2. 5.1 The Relationship between Business Ethics and Culture
    3. 5.2 Business Ethics over Time
    4. 5.3 The Influence of Geography and Religion
    5. 5.4 Are the Values Central to Business Ethics Universal?
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  7. 6 What Employers Owe Employees
    1. Introduction
    2. 6.1 The Workplace Environment and Working Conditions
    3. 6.2 What Constitutes a Fair Wage?
    4. 6.3 An Organized Workforce
    5. 6.4 Privacy in the Workplace
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  8. 7 What Employees Owe Employers
    1. Introduction
    2. 7.1 Loyalty to the Company
    3. 7.2 Loyalty to the Brand and to Customers
    4. 7.3 Contributing to a Positive Work Atmosphere
    5. 7.4 Financial Integrity
    6. 7.5 Criticism of the Company and Whistleblowing
    7. Summary
    8. Key Terms
    9. Assessment Questions
    10. End Notes
  9. 8 Recognizing and Respecting the Rights of All
    1. Introduction
    2. 8.1 Diversity and Inclusion in the Workforce
    3. 8.2 Accommodating Different Abilities and Faiths
    4. 8.3 Sexual Identification and Orientation
    5. 8.4 Income Inequalities
    6. 8.5 Animal Rights and the Implications for Business
    7. Summary
    8. Key Terms
    9. Assessment Questions
    10. End Notes
  10. 9 Professions under the Microscope
    1. Introduction
    2. 9.1 Entrepreneurship and Start-Up Culture
    3. 9.2 The Influence of Advertising
    4. 9.3 The Insurance Industry
    5. 9.4 Ethical Issues in the Provision of Health Care
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  11. 10 Changing Work Environments and Future Trends
    1. Introduction
    2. 10.1 More Telecommuting or Less?
    3. 10.2 Workplace Campuses
    4. 10.3 Alternatives to Traditional Patterns of Work
    5. 10.4 Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and the Workplace of the Future
    6. Summary
    7. Key Terms
    8. Assessment Questions
    9. End Notes
  12. 11 Epilogue: Why Ethics Still Matter
    1. Introduction
    2. 11.1 Business Ethics in an Evolving Environment
    3. 11.2 Committing to an Ethical View
    4. 11.3 Becoming an Ethical Professional
    5. 11.4 Making a Difference in the Business World
    6. End Notes
  13. A | The Lives of Ethical Philosophers
  14. B | Profiles in Business Ethics: Contemporary Thought Leaders
  15. C | A Succinct Theory of Business Ethics
  16. Answer Key
    1. Chapter 1
    2. Chapter 2
    3. Chapter 3
    4. Chapter 4
    5. Chapter 5
    6. Chapter 6
    7. Chapter 7
    8. Chapter 8
    9. Chapter 9
    10. Chapter 10
    11. Chapter 11
  17. Index
1.

Which of the following is not an intellectual virtue according to Aristotle?

  1. the basic order of life
  2. knowledge
  3. wisdom
  4. prudence
2.

Deliberative prudence does all the following except ________.

  1. align ends and means
  2. encourage prodigality
  3. avoid conflict
  4. prevent rash behavior
3.

True or false? According to Aristotle, happiness is a virtuous activity of the soul.

4.

True or false? It is possible to act deliberately and shrewdly in a good way or toward a good end.

5.

How might virtue ethics apply to contemporary business?

6.

Quan means which of the following?

  1. adherence to the past
  2. philosophic tradition
  3. practicality
  4. insistence on protocol
7.

The Analects of Confucius ________.

  1. are similar to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics
  2. represent an oral tradition
  3. reflect Buddhist ideals
  4. codify a system of virtue ethics
8.

True or false? Confucian virtue ethics is similar to the Aristotelian version in that both are very practical.

9.

True or false? According to Confucius, the hope for reform of Chinese society was a centralized planning system.

10.

How can wholeheartedness and sincerity serve as models of risk assessment?

11.

“Control” as used in this section does not refer to which of the following?

  1. reverence
  2. phrónēsis
  3. temperance
  4. Confucian self-regulation
12.

Managerial ethics is related to which of the following?

  1. shareholder wealth
  2. righteousness
  3. bureaucracy
  4. honor
13.

True or false? In both East and West, the means used to achieve a certain end are often more important than the end.

14.

True or false? Individualism was the greatest value in Confucian ethics.

15.

Utilitarianism is a system that ________.

  1. considers historical conditions
  2. approaches Aristotelian deliberation
  3. builds on natural law theory
  4. attempts to quantify the good
16.

In On Liberty, John Stuart Mill ________.

  1. proposes a harm principle
  2. exalts libertarianism
  3. prescribes a consequentialist answer to ethical crises
  4. rejects rights
17.

True or false? John Stuart Mill’s emphasis on human rights distinguishes him from Jeremy Bentham.

18.

How does utilitarianism affect contemporary business practice?

19.

Does the value that John Stuart Mill placed on the deliberative process and individual expression as the main ways of arriving at truth have any relevance for political debate today?

20.

Immanuel Kant objected to dogmatism in ________.

  1. religion
  2. science
  3. both A and B
  4. neither A nor B
21.

True or false? Immanuel Kant contended that people often interpret reason subjectively.

22.

True or false? A criticism of Immanuel Kant’s categorical imperative is that its refusal ever to permit exceptions in acting ethically is impossible to observe in life.

23.

What are the essential differences between John Stuart Mill’s version of utilitarianism and Immanuel Kant’s deontology?

24.

How does Kantian ethics work in a business setting?

25.

John Rawls’s theory of justice is based on which of the following?

  1. cognitive structures
  2. moral duty
  3. social contract theory
  4. survival of the fittest
26.

The “veil of ignorance” ensures which of the following?

  1. mass delusion
  2. objectivity
  3. self-reliance
  4. Enlightenment reason
27.

True or false? John Rawls’s theory of justice is mainly non-Utilitarian.

28.

A distinguishing characteristic of justice theory is that it emphasizes method over content.

29.

What challenges does Rawlsian justice theory present when it comes to the redistribution of goods and services in society?

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