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Review Questions

BiologyReview Questions


Which of the following is not a feature common to most animals?

  1. development into a fixed body plan
  2. asexual reproduction
  3. specialized tissues
  4. heterotrophic nutrient sourcing

During embryonic development, unique cell layers develop and distinguish during a stage called ________.

  1. the blastula stage
  2. the germ layer stage
  3. the gastrula stage
  4. the organogenesis stage

Which of the following phenotypes would most likely be the result of a Hox gene mutation?

  1. abnormal body length or height
  2. two different eye colors
  3. the contraction of a genetic illness
  4. two fewer appendages than normal

Which of the following organism is most likely to be a diploblast?

  1. sea star
  2. shrimp
  3. jellyfish
  4. insect

Which of the following is not possible?

  1. radially symmetrical diploblast
  2. diploblastic eucoelomate
  3. protostomic coelomate
  4. bilaterally symmetrical deuterostome

An animal whose development is marked by radial cleavage and enterocoely is ________.

  1. a deuterostome
  2. an annelid or mollusk
  3. either an acoelomate or eucoelomate
  4. none of the above

Consulting the modern phylogenetic tree of animals, which of the following would not constitute a clade?

  1. deuterostomes
  2. lophotrochozoans
  3. Parazoa
  4. Bilateria

Which of the following is thought to be the most closely related to the common animal ancestor?

  1. fungal cells
  2. protist cells
  3. plant cells
  4. bacterial cells

As with the emergence of the Acoelomorpha phylum, it is common for ____ data to misplace animals in close relation to other species, whereas ____ data often reveals a different and more accurate evolutionary relationship.

  1. molecular : morphological
  2. molecular : fossil record
  3. fossil record : morphological
  4. morphological : molecular

Which of the following periods is the earliest during which animals may have appeared?

  1. Ordovician period
  2. Cambrian period
  3. Ediacaran period
  4. Cryogenian period

What type of data is primarily used to determine the existence and appearance of early animal species?

  1. molecular data
  2. fossil data
  3. morphological data
  4. embryological development data

The time between 542–488 million years ago marks which period?

  1. Cambrian period
  2. Silurian period
  3. Ediacaran period
  4. Devonian period

Until recent discoveries suggested otherwise, animals existing before the Cambrian period were believed to be:

  1. small and ocean-dwelling
  2. small and non-motile
  3. small and soft-bodied
  4. small and radially symmetrical or asymmetrical

Plant life first appeared on land during which of the following periods?

  1. Cambrian period
  2. Ordovician period
  3. Silurian period
  4. Devonian period

Approximately how many mass extinction events occurred throughout the evolutionary history of animals?

  1. 3
  2. 4
  3. 5
  4. more than 5
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