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Biology for AP® Courses

Review Questions

Biology for AP® CoursesReview Questions

1 .
What is the flow of information for the synthesis of proteins according to the central dogma?
  1. DNA to mRNA to protein
  2. DNA to mRNA to tRNA to protein
  3. DNA to protein to mRNA to protein
  4. mRNA to DNA to mRNA to protein
2 .
The DNA of virus A is inserted into the protein coat of virus B. The combination virus is used to infect E. coli. The virus particles produced by the infection are analyzed for DNA and protein contents. What results would you expect?
  1. DNA and protein from B
  2. DNA and protein from A
  3. DNA from A and protein from B
  4. DNA from B and protein from A
3 .
The AUC and AUA codons in mRNA both specify isoleucine. What feature of the genetic code explains this?
  1. complementarity
  2. degeneracy
  3. nonsense codons
  4. universality
4 .
How many nucleotides are in 12 mRNA codons?
  1. 12
  2. 24
  3. 36
  4. 48
5 .
Which of the following molecules does not contain genetic information?
  1. DNA
  2. mRNA
  3. protein
  4. RNA
6 .
Which molecule in the central dogma can be compared to a disposable photocopy of a book kept on reserve in the library?
  1. DNA
  2. mRNA
  3. Protein
  4. tRNA
7 .
Which subunit of the E. coli polymerase confers specificity to transcription?
  1. α
  2. β
  3. β
  4. σ
8 .
Why are the 10 and 35 regions of prokaryotic promoters called consensus sequences?
  1. They are identical in all bacterial species.
  2. They are similar in all bacterial species.
  3. They exist in all organisms.
  4. They have the same function in all organisms.
9 .
The sequence that signals the end of transcription is called the ______________.
  1. promoter
  2. stop codon
  3. TATA box
  4. terminator
10 .
If the ρ protein is missing, will a prokaryotic gene be terminated?
  1. It depends on the gene.
  2. No, the rho protein is essential.
  3. Transcription termination is not required.
  4. Yes, the rho protein is not involved in transcription.
11 .
Which feature of promoters can be found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
  1. GC box
  2. octamer box
  3. TATA box
  4. -10 and -35 sequences
12 .
At what stage in the transcription of a eukaryotic gene would TFII factors be active?
  1. elongation
  2. initiation
  3. processing
  4. termination
13 .
Which polymerase is responsible for the synthesis of 5S rRNA?
  1. polymerase I
  2. polymerase II
  3. polymerase III
  4. ribonuclease I
14 .
What transcripts will be most affected by low levels of α -amanitin?
  1. 18S and 28S rRNAs
  2. 5S rRNAs and tRNAs
  3. other small nuclear RNAs
  4. pre-mRNAs
15 .
Which of the following features distinguishes eukaryotic transcription from bacterial transcription?
  1. Eukaryotic transcription does not start at a consensus sequence.
  2. Eukaryotic transcription does not require an initiation complex.
  3. Eukaryotic transcription and translation do not take place at the same time.
  4. Eukaryotic transcription does not require a termination sequence.
16 .
A poly-A sequence is added at the _______________.
  1. 5’ end of a transcript in the nucleus
  2. 3’-end of a transcript in the nucleus
  3. 5’ end of a transcript in the cytoplasm
  4. 3’-end of a transcript in the cytoplasm
17 .
Which pre-mRNA processing step is important for initiating translation?
  1. poly-A tail
  2. RNA editing
  3. splicing
  4. 7-methylguanosine cap
18 .
Where are the RNA components of ribosomes synthesized?
  1. cytoplasm
  2. endoplasmic reticulum
  3. nucleus
  4. nucleolus
19 .
What processing step enhances the stability of pre-tRNAs and pre-rRNAs?
  1. cleavage
  2. methylation
  3. nucleotide modification
  4. splicing
20 .
What are introns?
  1. DNA sequences to which polymerases bind
  2. the processed mRNA
  3. translated DNA sequences in a gene
  4. untranslated DNA sequences in a gene
21 .
What is often the first amino acid added to a polypeptide chain?
  1. adenine
  2. leucine
  3. methionine
  4. thymine
22 .
In any given species, there are at least how many types of aminoacyl tRNA synthetases?
  1. 20
  2. 40
  3. 100
  4. 200
23 .
In prokaryotic cells, ribosomes are found in/on the _______________.
  1. cytoplasm
  2. mitochondrion
  3. nucleus
  4. endoplasmic reticulum
24 .
The peptide bond synthesis in prokaryotic translation is catalyzed by ____________.
  1. a ribosomal protein
  2. a cytoplasmic protein
  3. mRNA itself
  4. ribosomal RNA
25 .
What would happen if the 5’ methyl guanosine was not added to an mRNA?
  1. The transcript would degrade when the mRNA moves out of the nucleus to the cytoplasm.
  2. The mRNA molecule would stabilize and start the process of translation within the nucleus of the cell.
  3. The mRNA molecule would move out of the nucleus and create more copies of the mRNA molecule.
  4. The mRNA molecule would not be able to add the poly-A tail on its strand at the 5’ end.
26 .
Which of the following is associated with the docking of mRNA on a ribosome in eukaryotic cells?
  1. Kozak’s sequence
  2. poly-A sequence
  3. Shine-Dalgarno sequence
  4. TATA box
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