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Review Questions

1 .
How were the initial English settlements primarily funded?
  1. by grants from the royal treasury
  2. through joint stock companies
  3. with gifts from King Henry V
  4. through taxes collected by the Diocese of Canterbury
2 .
After their initial founding, how did colonies in the Americas typically relate to their home countries?
  1. Colonies relied on their home countries for supplies and economic support.
  2. Colonies became totally independent.
  3. Colonies joined rival empires.
  4. Colonies ignored their home countries.
3 .
Why is the city once known as New Amsterdam now known as New York?
  1. Residents of the city voted to rename it in honor of the Duke of York.
  2. City leaders changed the name after the Earl of York invested in the city.
  3. The Catholic Church modified the name on maps in honor of Saint York.
  4. The English renamed the city after they captured it from the Dutch.
4 .
What explains the relatively harmonious relationship between French colonists and the Indigenous peoples of Canada?
  1. The French could not afford to anger Indigenous peoples who assisted them in acquiring furs.
  2. The French found the Indigenous people of Canada eager to convert to Christianity.
  3. The French had little contact with Indigenous peoples and remained within their own settlements.
  4. Most of the Indigenous peoples of Canada died as a result of smallpox, so they were easily dominated by the French.
5 .
What was a major cause of the Seven Years’ War?
  1. the destruction of the British Raj
  2. the regulation of opium in China
  3. the death of Louis XV of France
  4. growing rivalries between European powers
6 .
What was the primary reason for the creation of the British Raj?
  1. the failure of the British East India Company to prevent unrest in India
  2. the rise of revolutionary movements in China
  3. the need for increasing tax revenues to support British colonization in Africa
  4. the downfall of the British monarchy
7 .
What was the system by which the Qing dynasty controlled trade?
  1. the Raj system
  2. the Ndongo system
  3. the Canton system
  4. the treaty system
8 .
What was a result of the Qing dynasty’s trade policies?
  1. China temporarily enjoyed a favorable balance of trade.
  2. The British were forced to focus on their colonies in North America.
  3. China was able to dominate Japan politically and militarily.
  4. The French suffered defeat in the Seven Years’ War.
9 .
African resistance to European colonization was often a response to which line of trade?
  1. the opium trade
  2. the slave trade
  3. the textile trade
  4. the aluminum trade
10 .
What was King Philip’s War?
  1. a French rebellion against Spanish colonization
  2. a Chinese trade war against Italian mercantilism
  3. a Native American uprising against English colonization
  4. a Muslim religious war against Dutch missionaries
11 .
What is one difference between mercantilism and capitalism?
  1. Mercantilism typically supports greater governmental regulation than capitalism.
  2. Mercantilism typically supports lower taxes than capitalism.
  3. Mercantilism typically supports more labor rights than capitalism.
  4. Mercantilism typically supports freer trade than capitalism.
12 .
Which concept might be demonstrated by a chef who opens a new restaurant in hopes of getting rich and in the process benefits the community by hiring workers and serving food to neighbors?
  1. the rebellion of the proletariat
  2. the invisible hand
  3. the growth of industrialization
  4. the death of mercantilism
13 .
Adam Smith’s ideas are rooted in the belief that most people are ________.
  1. wealthy
  2. industrialists
  3. rational
  4. religious
14 .
What is the manufacturing of goods at home that characterized the early years of the Industrial Revolution called?
  1. mercantilism
  2. capitalism
  3. laissez-faire
  4. cottage industry
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