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Review Questions

1 .
Why was the camel important to trans-Saharan trade?
  1. Its obstinate nature makes it hard for handlers to control.
  2. It produces a fine wool that can be spun into luxurious textiles.
  3. Its milk is used to produce cheese, an important source of protein.
  4. Its biological advantages made regular long-distance trade in the Sahara possible.
2 .
How did the widespread adoption of Islam help facilitate trans-Saharan trade?
  1. by giving Muslim merchants, traders, and caravanners a shared set of customs, laws, traditions, and language
  2. by making the caravan trade the exclusive vocation of Tuareg Berber nomads
  3. by opening the markets of the pilgrimage route between Niani and Kilwa
  4. by causing conflict between dissident Muslim groups, thereby opening competing markets for new manufactured goods
3 .
In addition to gold and salt, what two other types of goods were regularly exported from Africa?
  1. obsidian and cobalt
  2. hides and cotton
  3. textiles and enslaved people
  4. ivory and sugar
4 .
In the mid-fifteenth century, who purchased enslaved people from Mali on the Senegambia coast?
  1. French
  2. Portuguese
  3. British
  4. Dutch
5 .
What were some of the key exports from Songhai?
  1. kola nuts, salt, and gold
  2. hides, jewels, and enslaved people
  3. ceramics, cloth, and horses
  4. enslaved people, pottery, and weapons
6 .
What were Timbuktu and Djenné renowned as?
  1. centers of religious pilgrimage
  2. river port cities at the confluence of the Senegal and Gambia Rivers
  3. types of calligraphy used by Islamic clerics
  4. centers of Islamic learning and religious scholarship, as well as trans-Saharan trade
7 .
What was the capital of the Songhai Empire?
  1. Kano
  2. Djenné
  3. Gao
  4. Taghaza
8 .
Why didn’t the trading ports of the Swahili coast extend along the full length of the coast of Africa?
  1. Hostile tribes in the south kept merchants from establishing cities.
  2. Tropical diseases in the south made it too dangerous for people to live there.
  3. The southern part of the coast had been colonized by the French.
  4. The seas there were too rough for the dhows and the monsoon winds too weak.
9 .
What trade item was produced in the Swahili city-states?
  1. glassware
  2. gold
  3. pottery
  4. silverware
10 .
What was the source of most of the enslaved people who were traded on the Swahili coast?
  1. the interior of the African continent
  2. Eastern Europe
  3. the Arabian Peninsula
  4. the Swahili city-states
11 .
Which Swahili city-state came to dominate the southern part of the coast, trading in gold with Sofala?
  1. Mogadishu
  2. Kilwa
  3. Mombasa
  4. Zanzibar
12 .
The Kanem-Bornu Empire was able to maintain its control over the slave trade partly through military innovations, including weapons imported from _____.
  1. North Africa
  2. Portugal
  3. the Slave Coast
  4. the Songhai Empire
13 .
By the eighteenth century, what was the main slave trading center on the West African coast?
  1. Timbuktu
  2. Bornu
  3. Whydah
  4. Gao
14 .
Located in modern-day Ghana, ____ was a flourishing center of the ____ trade beginning in the sixteenth century.
  1. Benin, sugar
  2. Togo, salt
  3. Elmina, slave
  4. São Tomé, copper
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