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Review Questions

1 .
What did the Truman Doctrine promise the United States would do?
  1. assist countries whose governments were in danger of being overthrown by communist forces
  2. work to eliminate the stockpiling of nuclear weapons
  3. contribute funds to help Europe rebuild following World War II
  4. destroy the Soviet Union
2 .
What best describes the primary goal of U.S. foreign policy at the beginning of the Cold War?
  1. maintain an isolationist position and ignore what was happening in the rest of the world
  2. continue to work with the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union to maintain world peace
  3. prevent the Soviet Union from spreading communism outside Eastern Europe
  4. assist European colonies in Asia and Africa to gain their independence
3 .
Where did the United States first find itself in conflict with the Soviet Union during the Cold War?
  1. China
  2. Berlin
  3. North Korea
  4. Cuba
4 .
Why was NATO created?
  1. to protect the Soviet Union and the countries of Eastern Europe from Western aggression
  2. to rebuild Japan after World War II
  3. to limit the testing of nuclear weapons
  4. to protect Western countries from Soviet aggression
5 .
When the Nationalists were defeated in the Chinese civil war, where did they go?
  1. Taiwan
  2. Japan
  3. Korea
  4. Vietnam
6 .
How did the Korean War begin?
  1. South Korea invaded North Korea.
  2. North Korea invaded South Korea.
  3. China invaded South Korea.
  4. The United States bombed China.
7 .
What caused the First Indochina War?
  1. South Vietnam invaded North Vietnam.
  2. France tried to reclaim Vietnam as a colony.
  3. China encouraged North Vietnam to attack South Vietnam.
  4. The Soviet Union placed a communist government in power in North Vietnam.
8 .
All the following were causes of famine during China’s Great Leap Forward except
  1. the use of farm labor to produce steel and work on construction projects
  2. the requisitioning of grain to feed industrial workers and city dwellers
  3. the destruction of crops during war
  4. natural disasters like floods
9 .
On whom did Mao Zedong rely to destroy “bourgeois” elements of Chinese society in the Cultural Revolution?
  1. trusted members of the Chinese Communist Party
  2. teachers
  3. the Chinese Secret Police
  4. students
10 .
All of the following are reasons Yugoslavia did not become part of the Eastern Bloc except
  1. Tito believed the Soviet Union should treat Yugoslavia as an equal.
  2. Tito supported the civil war in Greece, which Stalin did not.
  3. Tito did not want Yugoslavia to be a communist country.
  4. Tito wanted to incorporate other countries into Yugoslavia, which Stalin opposed.
11 .
Which of the following best describes the goal of members of the Non-Aligned Movement?
  1. to become the industrial equals of the United States and the Soviet Union
  2. to avoid becoming satellites of either the Western or the Eastern Bloc
  3. to avoid becoming communist nations
  4. to establish Western-style forms of democratic government
12 .
Why did France, Israel, and the United Kingdom attack Egypt in 1956?
  1. Egypt launched an air attack on Israel.
  2. Egypt defaulted on loans it owed to France and the United Kingdom.
  3. Egypt was undergoing a communist revolution.
  4. Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal and closed it to Israel.
13 .
In which European satellite country did the Soviet Union stage an armed intervention in the 1950s?
  1. Hungary
  2. Romania
  3. Bulgaria
  4. East Germany
14 .
What was the purpose of the Bay of Pigs invasion?
  1. to prevent a communist revolution in Cuba
  2. to remove nuclear missiles from Turkey
  3. to kill Gamal Abdel Nasser
  4. to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro
15 .
Why did President Kennedy begin a naval blockade of Cuba in 1962?
  1. to force Fidel Castro from power
  2. to prevent the Soviet Union from installing missiles aimed at the United States
  3. to provide assistance to the government of Fulgencio Batista
  4. to prevent Cuba from using its submarines to mine U.S. harbors
16 .
Which country did the Mau Mau try to liberate?
  1. Ethiopia
  2. Ghana
  3. Kenya
  4. Angola
17 .
The expense of fighting a war in Afghanistan contributed to
  1. Ronald Reagan’s loss of the 1984 presidential election
  2. the overthrow of the Shah of Iran
  3. successful revolts in the central Asian Soviet republics
  4. the collapse of the Soviet Union
18 .
Which Serbian leader led an ethnic cleansing campaign against Albanians in Kosovo?
  1. Josip Broz Tito
  2. Mikhail Gorbachev
  3. Slobodan Milošević
  4. Boris Yeltsin
19 .
Who was responsible for transforming China’s economy by introducing elements of capitalism in the late 1970s?
  1. Deng Xiaoping
  2. Liu Shaoqi
  3. Mao Zedong
  4. Jiang Qing
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